Main Article Content
Munderikadavu is rich in avifaunal diversity. A total of 82 species of birds from 36 families belonging to 13 orders were recorded in the wetland including wetland dependant species. Lowland vegetation had the highest species richness (46 species) followed by upland (41 species), aerial (38 species), emergent vegetation (22 species) and paddy fields (21 species).Â Open water had the lowest species richness. Upland vegetation had the highest species diversity (Hâ€²-3.19) followed by aerial (Hâ€²-2.52).Â There was more species overlap between emergent and low land vegetations (Cm-0.7).Â The threats in Munderikadavu wetland were dumping of waste and conversion of cultivation land into shrimp farming area. Thus land use changes need to be regulated in order to conserve the wetland and bird community.ÂÂ
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27126.96.36.19953-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Ali, S. (2003). The Book of Indian Birds (13th Edition). Oxford University Press, Bombay, 466p.
Bibby, C., M. Jones & S. Marsden (1998). Expedition Field Techniques Bird Survey Royal Geographical Society 1 Kensington Gore, London SW72AR.
Caziani, S.M. & E.J. Derlindati (2000). Abundance and habitat of High Andean flamingos in northwestern Argentina. Waterbirds 23 (Special Publication 1): 121â€“133.
Clements, J. (2007). The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World. Cornell University Press, Ithaca.
Fredrickson, L.H. & F.A. Reid (1986). Wetland and riparian habitats: a nongame management overview, pp. 59â€“96. In: Hale, J.B., L.B. Best & R.L. Clawson (eds.). Management of Nongame Wildlife in the Midwest: A Developing Art. The Wildlife Society, Grand Rapids, MI.
Fredrickson, L.H. & T.S. Taylor (1982). Management of Seasonally Flooded Impoundments for Wildlife. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication 148.
Islam, M.Z. & A.R. Rahmani (2004). Important Bird Areas in India: Priority Sites for Conservation. Indian Bird Conservation Network, Bombay Natural History Society (India) and Birdlife International (UK).
Jorgensesn, E.E. & L.E. Nauman (1993). Bird Distribution in Wetlands associated with Commercial Cranberry Production. The passenger Pigeon 55(40).
Kantrud, H.A. & R.E. Stewart (1977). Use of natural basin wetlands by breeding waterfowl in North Dakota. Journal of Wildlife Management 41(2): 243â€“253.
Kantrud, H.A. & R.E. Stewart (1984). Ecological distribution and crude density of breeding birds on prairie wetlands. Journal of Wildlife Management 48: 426â€“437.
Keith, L.B. (1961). A study of waterfowl ecology on small impoundments in southeastern Alberta. Wildlife Monographs 6: 1â€“88.
Leneesh, K. (2011). Paddy Revival in Kattampally Kaippad: Achievements and Challenges. http://thanal.co.in/resource/view/Paddy-Revival-in-Kattampally-Kaippad-Achievements-and-Challenges-60300941
Lokemoen, J.T. & R.O. Woodward (1992). Nesting waterfowl and water birds on natural islands in the Dakotas and Montana. Wildlife Society Bulletin 20: 163â€“171.
Norvell, R.E., F.P. Howe & J.R. Parrish (2003). A seven year comparison of relative-abundance and distance-sampling methods, Auk 120(4): 1014â€“1028.
Pianka, E.R. (1973). The structure of lizard communities. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 4: 53â€“74.
Rajpar, M.N. & M. Zakaria (2011). Bird species abundance and their correlationship with microclimate and habitat variables at natural wetland reserve, peninsular Malaysia. International Journal of Zoology 2011: 17.
Robinson, J. & J. Carl (editor) (2002). â€œAnas acutaâ€. Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
Roshnath, R., B. Chandramohan, M. Ashokkumar & V.S Pramod (2014). Bird damage and mitigation measures in shrimp farms of Cuddalore and Villupuram district of Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of 26th Kerala Science Congress Pookode, Wayanad, 28â€“31 January 2014, 793â€“799pp.
Sashikumar, C. (2004). Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga Pallas Northern Shoveller Anas clypeata Linnaeus - two rare records from Kerala. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1): 154.
Seymour, C.L. & R.E. Simmons (2008). Can severely fragmented patches of riparian vegetation still be important for arid-land bird diversity? Journal of Arid Environments 72(12): 2275â€“2281.
Siriwardena, G.M., S.R. Baillie, S.T. Buckland, R.M. Fewster, J.H. Marchant & J.D. Wilson (1998). Trends in the abundance of farmland birds: a quantitative comparison of smoothed Common Birds Census indices. Journal of Applied Ecology 35(1): 24â€“43.
Stewart, R.E. & H.A. Kantrud (1973). Ecological distribution of breeding waterfowl populations in North Dakota. Journal of Wildlife Management 37: 39â€“50.
Weller, M.W. (1999). Wetland Birds: Habitat Resources and Conservation Implications, Cambridge University Press, Great Britain, UK, 316pp.
Wiens, J.A. (1992). The Ecology of the Birdâ€™s Communities. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 336pp.