Main Article Content
The status of the Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Nepal was assessed by camera trapping and pugmark searches from 2011 to 2014.Â The reserve is a highly dynamic and unstable snow-fed braided river system with many anabranches and islands.Â Evidence of Fishing Cats was found throughout most of the reserve.Â They were probably more abundant on the eastern side, among the islands of the main river channel, and in the adjacent buffer zone where there was a chain of fishponds and marsh areas fed by seepage from the main river channel.Â Evidence of Fishing Cats was found up to 6km north of the reserve on the Koshi River but not beyond this.Â The population is probably small and may be isolated but given the endangered status of the species, is significant.Â The main likely threats identified are wetland and riparian habitat deterioration caused by over exploitation and illegal grazing by villagers, overfishing of wetlands and rivers within the reserve, and direct persecution arising from perceived conflicts with fish farming and poultry husbandry.Â Required conservation actions are discussed.Â
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27188.8.131.5253-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Brashares, J.S., L.R. Prugh, C.J. Stoner & C.W. Epps (2010). Ecological and conservation implications of mesopredator release, pp. 221â€“240. In: Terborough, J. & J.A. Estes (eds.). Trophic Cascades: Predators, Prey and the Changing Dynamics of Nature. Washington, Island Press.
Chhetri, D.T. & J. Pal (2010). Diversity of mammals in and around Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve. Our Nature 8: 254â€“257.
Chettri, N.K., U.S. Chaudhary & E. Sharma (2013). Linking spatio-temporal land cover change to biodiversity conservation in the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Diversity 5: 335â€“351.
Cutter, P & P. Cutter (2010). Recent sightings of fishing cats in Thailand. Cat News 51: 12â€“13.
CSUWN (2009). Baseline Survey, Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve. Kathmandu, Nepal.
Dahal, S. & D.R. Dahal (2011). Trapping of Fishing Cat in Chitwan National park, Nepal. Cat News 55: 10â€“11.
DNPWC. (2009). Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Buffer Zone management Plan 2009â€“2013. Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Department of National parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Duckworth, J.W., T. Stones, R. Tizard, S. Watson & J. Wolstencroft (2010). Does the fishing cat inhabit Laos? Cat News 52: 4Ââ€“7.
Haque, N.M. & V. Vijayan (1993). Food habits of the Fishing Cat Felis viveririna in Keoladeo national park, Bharatpur, Rajastan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 90: 498â€“500.
Janardhanan, R., S. Mukherjee, P.V. Karunakaran & R. Athreya (2014). On the occurrence of the Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus Bennet, 1833 (Carnivora: Felidae) in coastal Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(3): 5569â€“5573; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3780.5569-73
Jnawali, S.R., H.S. Baral, S. Lee, K.P. Acharya, G.P. Upadhyay, M. Pandey, R. Shrestha, D. Joshi, B.R. Laminchhane, J. Griffiths, A.P. Khatiwada, N. Subedi, & R. Amin (2011). The Status of Nepal Mammals: The National Red List Series, Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Kathmandu, Nepal.
Karki, J.B. (2011). Distribution of some small cats in Chitwan National Park, pp. 10â€“15. In. Dahal, S. & S. Thapa (eds.). Proceedings of Second Seminar on Small Mammals Issues. Small Mammals Conservation and Research Foundation, New Baneshwor, Kathmandu, Nepal, 85pp.
Khatri, T.B., D.N. Shah, R.D.T. Shah & N. Mishra (2013). Biodiversity of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve: A post flood assessment. Journal of Wetlands Ecology 4: 69â€“82.
LaPoint, S.D., J.L. Belant & R.W. Kays (2014). Mesopredator release facilitates range expansion in fisher. Animal Conservation 18: 50â€“61.
Lynam, A.J., K.E. Jenks, N. Tantipisanuh, W. chutipong, D. Ngoprasert, G.A. Gale, R. Steinmetz, R. Sukmasuang, N. Bhumpakphan, L.I. Grassman, P. Cutter, S. Kitamura, D.H. Reed,
M.C. Baker, W. McShea N. Songsasen & P. Leimgruber (2013). Terrestrial activity patterns of wild cats from camera-trapping. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 61(1): 407â€“415.
Majumder, A., K. Sankar, Q. Qureshi & S. Basu (2011). Food habits and temporal activity patterns of the Golden Jackal Canis aureus and the Jungle Cat Felis chaus in Pench Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(11): 2221-2225; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2713.2221â€“5
Melisch, R., P.B. Asmoro, I.R. Lubis & L. Kusumawardhani (1996). Distribution and status of the Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus rhizophoreus Sody, 1936) in West Java, Indonesia (Mammalia: Carnivora: felidae). Faunistische Abhandlungen. Staatliches Museum fur Tierkunde Dresden 20(17): 311â€“319.
Mehner, T. (2012). Diel vertical migration of freshwater fishes-proximate triggers, ultimate cuases and research perspectives. Freshwater Biology 57: 1342â€“1359.
Mishra, R. (2013). Conservation status of the Fishing Cat in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. MSc. Thesis, Tribhuvan University, Nepal.
Moreno, R.S., R.W. Kays & R. Samudio (2006). Competitive release in the diets of Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) and Puma (Puma concolor) after Jaguar (Panthero onca) decline. Journal of Mammalogy 87: 808â€“816.
Mukherjee, S., S.P. Goyal, A.J.T. Johnsingh & M.R.P.L. Pitman (2004). The importance of rodents in the diet of Jungle Cat (Felis chaus), Caracal (Caracal caracal) and Golden Jackal (Canis aureus) in Sariska Tiger Reserve, India. Journal of the Zoological Society of London 262: 405â€“411.
Mukherjee, S., J. Sanderson, W. Duckworth, R. Melisch, J. Khan, A. Wilting, S. Sunarto & J.G. Howard (2010).Â Prionailurus viverrinus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T18150A7673993.
n. Downloaded on 05 January 2016.
Mukherjee, S., T. Adhya, P. Thatte & U. Ramakrishnan (2012). Survey of the Fishing Cat prionailurus viverrinus Bennett, 1983 (Carnivore: Felidae) and some aspects impacting its conservation in India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(10): 3355â€“3361; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3199.3355-61
Newton, I. (1998). Population Limitation in Birds. Academic Press, London.
Nowell K. & P. Jackson (1996). Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus. In: Wild Cats: status survey and conservation Action Plan.
IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland.
Pocock, R.I. (1939).Â Prionailurus viverrinus, pp. 259â€“264. In:Â The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Mammalia - Volume 1. Taylor and Francis, Ltd., London
Rainy, H.K. & K. Kong (2010). A fishing cat observation from northern Cambodia. Cat News 52: 8â€“9.
Ripple, W.J., A.J. Wirsing, C.C. Wilmers & M. Lentic (2013). Widespread mesopredator effects aftwer wolf extirpation. Biological Conservation 160: 70â€“79.
Ritchie, E.G. & C.N. Johnson (2009). Predator interactions, mesopredator release and biodiversity conservation. Ecological Letters 12: 982â€“998.
Roll, U., T. Dayan & N. Kronfeld-Schor (2006). On the role of phylogeny in determining activity patterns of rodents. Evolutionary Ecology 20: 479â€“490.
Royan, A. (2010). Confirmation of the endangered Fishing Cat in Bolum-Sakar National Park, Cambodia. Cat News 51: 10â€“11.
Sadhu, A. & G.V. Reddy (2013). First evidence of Fishing Cat in the Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, India. Cat News 58: 36â€“37
Sunquist, M. & F. Sunquist (2002). Wild Cats of the World. Chicago, Chicago University Press.
Sah, J.P. (1997). Koshi Tappu Wetlands: Nepalâ€™s Ramsar Site. IUCN, Bangkok.