Effect of vehicular traffic on wild animals in Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu, India

Main Article Content

A. Samson
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0804-7941
B. Ramakrishnan
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0698-1383
A. Veeramani
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4294-319X
P. Santhoshkumar
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8739-406X
S. Karthick
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0645-3647
G. Sivasubramanian
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7180-416X
M. Ilakkia
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2654-8926
A. Chitheena
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0247-3699
J. Leona Princy
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8884-9006
P. Ravi
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5353-1935

Abstract

The construction of a road, directly and indirectly, impacts on the ecosystems where the road is built.  Highways passing through national reserves/wildlife sanctuaries have an adverse impact on wild animals.  The present survey was conducted to estimate the road kills on the state highways passing through the Nilgiri north territorial forest division (19km) and Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (15km) in Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu, India.  The road kills were monitored three times a month between July 2013 and December 2013 (six months) and a total of 176 road kills belonging to 30 species were recorded.  Reptiles were the most affected taxa (39%), followed by mammals (33%) and birds (21%).  Amphibians were least affected by vehicular traffic and comprised 7% of the total kills.  According to road stretch category, the overall road kill was N=135 in the forested area and N=41 in human habitations.  A total of 812 food materials were encounterd  612km with average of  1.32 food materials / km. Conservation and management implications are essential to prevent the local extinction of wildlife.

 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Samson, A., Ramakrishnan, B., Veeramani, A., Santhoshkumar, P., Karthick, S., Sivasubramanian, G., Ilakkia, M., Chitheena, A., Princy, J.L. and Ravi, P. 2016. Effect of vehicular traffic on wild animals in Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 8, 9 (Aug. 2016), 9182–9189. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.1962.8.9.9182-9189.
Section
Short Communications
Author Biographies

A. Samson, Mammalogy and Forest Ecology, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, Government Arts College, Udhagamandalam, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu 643002, India

Zoology and Wildlife Biology

B. Ramakrishnan, Mammalogy and Forest Ecology, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, Government Arts College, Udhagamandalam, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu 643002, India

Zoology and Wildlife Biology

A. Veeramani, Department of Zoology, Government Arts College (Autonomous) Kumbakonam, Thanjavur District, Tamil Nadu 612002, India

Zoology

P. Santhoshkumar, Herpetology and Tribal Medicine, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, Government Arts College, Udhagamandalam, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu 643002, India

Zoology and Wildlife Biology

S. Karthick, Mammalogy and Forest Ecology, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, Government Arts College, Udhagamandalam, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu 643002, India

Zoology and Wildlife Biology

G. Sivasubramanian, Mammalogy and Forest Ecology, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, Government Arts College, Udhagamandalam, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu 643002, India

Zoology and Wildlife Biology

M. Ilakkia, Mammalogy and Forest Ecology, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, Government Arts College, Udhagamandalam, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu 643002, India

Zoology and Wildlife Biology

A. Chitheena, Mammalogy and Forest Ecology, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, Government Arts College, Udhagamandalam, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu 643002, India

Zoology and Wildlife Biology

J. Leona Princy, Herpetology and Tribal Medicine, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, Government Arts College, Udhagamandalam, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu 643002, India

Zoology and Wildlife Biology

P. Ravi, Accenture Naturalist, Palace office, Palace grounds, Vasanth Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560052, India

Naturalist

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