Avian diversity and density estimation of birds of the Indian Institute of Forest Management Campus, Bhopal, India

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Anjali Aggarwal
Govind Tiwari
Sprih Harsh


A study to find out the bird diversity at the Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM), Bhopal, was carried out over a period of nine months from July 2012 to March 2013. IIFM is located on a hill facing Bhadbhada barrage in Bhopal. Physiographically the area is classified as Vindhayan Hills. A total of 106 bird species belonging to 52 families were recorded during the study covering an area of about 93 hectares. The study area was divided into three major habitat types: open scrub, dry deciduous, and urbanized. Bird species were classified into eight feeding guilds: carnivore, ground insectivore, sallying insectivore, canopy and bark insectivore, nectar insectivore, general insectivore, frugivore and water birds. Of the total 106 species observed, 27 species were recorded as winter visitors. Density analysis was done using DISTANCE software and density was found out to be 32.7 birds per hectare. Rank abundance curve was used for assessing species composition in different habitats and during different seasons. In terms of both richness and evenness, open scrub scored the highest rank (72 species, and most even distribution of species). Higher species richness with lower species evenness was recorded during winter season for all the habitats.

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Author Biographies

Anjali Aggarwal, Consultant, Gujarat Tourism Opportunity Limited, Haveli Arcade, Sector - 11, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382011, India Present address: Aasha Villa, Gayatri Park, Kalawad Road, Rajkot, Gujarat 360001, India

Anjali Aggarwal worked for Gujarat Tourism Opportunity Limited and Nature Conservation Foundation as a research affiliate in Pakke Tiger Reserve, Arunachal Pradesh on a study to understand factors affecting hornbill breeding success during the breeding season.

Govind Tiwari, Project Officer, Foundation for Ecological Security, A-1 Madhuram Park, Near Srinathji Society, Ganesh Crossing, Anand, Gujarat 388001, India Present address: 2548 - ‘Om Bhavan’, 4th Crossing, Chandpole Bazaar, Jaipur, Rajasthan 302001, India

Govind Tiwari worked with FES and involved in various development and conservation oriented projects in southern Rajasthan. He has also been involved in a study to understand the ecology of Sloth Bear in southern Rajashtan near Phulwari and Kumbhalgarh Wildlife sanctuaries.

Sprih Harsh, Senior Project Officer, WWF-India, House No. 30, Datt Garden View, Near Tilhari Sports Club, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482021, India

Sprih Harsh is currently working in Satpuda Maikal Landscape, Tiger Conservation Programme (WWF-India). She is looking after conservation of corridors in the landscape for providing a secure dispersal to tiger, co-predators and prey species between different tiger reserves.


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