Insights into the feeding ecology of and threats to Sand Cat Felis margarita Loche, 1858 (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) in the Kyzylkum Desert, Uzbekistan

Main Article Content

Alex Leigh Brighten
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8117-7769
Robert John Burnside
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2859-7294

Abstract

Little is known about the ecology of the Sand Cat Felis margarita throughout its range in the deserts of northern Africa to central Asia.  We present observations of the Sand Cat in the southern Kyzylkum Desert, Uzbekistan, potentially preying upon a large bird and returning to the kill on subsequent nights.  This record contributes to the knowledge about the feeding ecology and varied diet of the Sand Cat and its opportunistic hunting strategy.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Brighten, A.L. and Burnside, R.J. 2019. Insights into the feeding ecology of and threats to Sand Cat Felis margarita Loche, 1858 (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) in the Kyzylkum Desert, Uzbekistan. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 11, 4 (Mar. 2019), 13492–13496. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4445.11.4.13492-13496.
Section
Short Communications
Author Biographies

Alex Leigh Brighten, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR2 7TJ, UK

Research Associate, 

School of Environmental Sciences (ENV)

University of East Anglia

Robert John Burnside, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR2 7TJ, UK

Senior Post Doctoral Research Associate

School of Environmental Sciences (ENV)

University of East Anglia

References

Abbadi, M. (1991). Israel’s elusive feline: Sand Cats. Israel Land and Nature 16(3): 111–115.

Avenant, N.L. & J.A.J. Nel (2002). Among habitat variation in prey availability and use by Caracal Felis caracal. Mammalian Biology 67(1): 18–33; https://doi.org/10.1078/1616-5047-00002

Breton, G., A. Sliwa, S. Azizi & A. Essalhi (2016). Sand Cats in the Moroccan Sahara – preliminary results of a new study. Cat News 63: 7–10.

Breton, G. & A. Sliwa (2018). Sand Cat research and conservation in Morocco, pp14–15. In: Appel, A., S. Mukherjee & S.M. Cheyne (eds.). Proceedings of the First International Small Wild Cat Conservation Summit, 11–14 September 2017, United Kingdom. Wild Cat Network, Bad Marienberg, Germany, Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore, India and Borneo Nature Foundation, Oxford, United Kingdom, 42pp.

Burnside, R.J., M.A. Koshkin & P.M. Dolman (2014). Breeding population of Sand Cat in the southern Kyzylkum Desert, Uzbekistan. Cat News 60: 25–26.

Burnside, R.J., N.J. Collar, K.M. Scotland & P.M. Dolman (2016). Survival rates of captive-bred Asian Houbara Chlamydotis macqueenii in a hunted migratory population. IBIS 158(2): 353–361; https://doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12349

Cole, R.F. & D.E. Wilson (2015). Felis margarita (Carnivora: Felidae). Mammalian Species 47(924): 63–77; https://doi.org/10.1093/mspecies/sev007

Dragesco-Joffé, A. (1993). Le chat des sables, un redoutable chasseur de serpents [The Sand Cat, a formidable snake hunter], pp119–126. In: La Vie Sauvage du Sahara. Delachaux et Niestlé, Lausanne, Switzerland, 240pp

Ghafaripour, S., M. Naderi & H.R. Rezaei (2017). Investigating abundance, density and potential threats of Sand Cat in the southeastern parts of Iran. Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity 1(1): 47–55.

Gritsina, M. (2014). Sand cats in Uzbekistan. Sand Cat Working Group. Available online at http://www.sand-cat.wild-cat.org. Accessed on 22 May 2018.

Heptner, V.G. & A.A. Sludskii (1992). Sand Cat Felis (Otocolobus) margarita Loche, 1858, pp636–665. In: Hoffmen, R.S., V.G. Heptner & A.A. Sludskii (eds.). Mammals of the Soviet Union. Vol. II, Part 2: Carnivora (Hyaenas and Cats). Smithsonian Institution Libraries and the National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C., 784pp.

Khassanov, F. (2009). The Red Data Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Vol. 2. Animals. Chinor ENK, Tashkent, 215pp.

Koshkin, M.A., N.J. Collar & P.M. Dolman (2014). Do sheep affect distribution and habitat of Asian Houbara Chlamydotis macqueenii? Journal of Arid Environments 103: 53–62; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2014.01.002

Schauenberg, P. (1974). Données nouvelles sur le Chat des sables Felis margarita Loche, 1858. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 81(4): 949–969.

Showler, D.A. (2017). Guide to the Amphibians & Reptiles of the Kyzylkum Desert, Uzbekistan. Self-published PDF, Norwich, UK, pp. 112

Sliwa, A. (1994). Diet and feeding behaviour of the Black-footed Cat (Felis nigripes Burchell, 1824) in the Kimberley region, South Africa. Der Zoologische Garten 64: 83–96.

Sliwa, A. (2013). Felis margarita, pp199–202. In: Kingdon, J.S. & M. Hoffmann (eds.). The Mammals of Africa, Vol. V (Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses). Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 560pp.

Sliwa, A., G. Breton & F. Chevalier (2013). Sand Cat sightings in Moroccan Sahara. Cat News 59: 28–30.

Sliwa, A., T. Ghadirian, A. Appel, L. Banfield, M.S. Shah & T. Wacher (2016). Felis margarita. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: e.T8541A50651884. Downloaded on 20 May 2018; https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T8541A50651884.en

Sliwa, A., S. Azizi, E. Alifal, A. Essalhi, M. Endichi & G. Breton (2017). First Sand Cat kittens sighted in the Moroccan Sahara. Cat News 66: 19–20.