Additions to the lichenized and lichenicolous fungi of Jammu & Kashmir from Kishtwar High Altitude National Park

Main Article Content

Vishal Kumar
Yashpal Sharma
Siljo Joseph
Roshnikumar Ngangom
Sanjeeva Nayaka


The present study reports 14 lichenized and two lichenicolous fungi new to the mycota of Jammu & Kashmir. The lichenized fungi are Buellia aeruginascens (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Caloplaca pachycheila Poelt & Hinter., Cladonia cervicornis ssp. verticillata (Hoffm.) Ahti, Hafellia curatellae (Malme) Marbach, Hafellia subnexa Marbach, Hafellia tetrapla (Nyl.) Pusswald, Leptogium askotense D.D.Awasthi, Nephromopsis laii (A. Thell & Randlane) Saag & A.Thell, Polycauliona phlogina (Ach.) Arup, Frödén & Søchting, Pyxine cognata Stirt., Rinodina conradii Körb., Rinodina intermedia Bagl., Rinodina oxydata (A.Massal.) A.Massal., and Squamulea squamosa (B.deLesd.) Arup, Søchting & Frödén. The lichenicolous fungi include Abrothallus microspermus Tul. and Lichenoconium lecanorae (Jaap) D.Hawksw. The species are enumerated along with their present distribution.

Article Details



Ahti, T. (2007). Further studies on the Cladonia verticillata group (Lecanorales) in East Asia and western North America. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 96: 5–19.

Aptroot A., P. Jungbluth & M. Cáceres (2014). A world key to the species of Pyxine with lichexanthone, with a new species from Brazil. Lichenologist 46: 669–672. S0024282914000231

Arup, U. (2006). A new taxonomy of the Caloplaca citrina group in the Nordic countries, except Iceland. Lichenologist 38 (1): 1–20.

Awasthi, D.D. (1991). A key to the microlichens of India, Nepal & Sri Lanka. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 40: 1–336.

Awasthi, D.D. (2007). A Compendium of the Macrolichens from India, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India, 580pp.

Awasthi, D.D. & K.P. Singh (1970). A note on lichens from Kashmir. Current Science 39: 441–442.

Bajpai, R., V. Shukla, C.P. Singh, O.P. Tripathi, S. Nayaka & D.K. Upreti (2018). Lichen community composition in Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh, tool for long-term climate change monitoring. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences 88(3): 915–922.

Buaruang, K., K. Boonpragob, P. Mongkolsuk, E. Sangvichien, K. Vongshewarat, W. Polyiam, A. Rangsiruji, W. Saipunkaew, K. Naksuwankul, J. Kalb & S. Parnmen (2017). A new checklist of lichenized fungi occurring in Thailand. MycoKeys 23: 1–91.

Cole, M.S. & D.L. Hawksworth (2001). Lichenicolous fungi, mainly from the USA, including Patriciomyces gen. nov. Mycotaxon 77: 305–338.

Czarnota, P., H. Mayrhofer & A. Bobiec (2018). Noteworthy lichenized and lichenicolous fungi of open-canopy oak stands in east-central Europe. Herzogia 31: 172–189.

Darmostuk, V.V. (2019). The genus Lichenoconium (Lichenoconiaceae, Ascomycota) in Ukraine. Ukrainian Botanical Journal 76 (2): 101–113.

Diederich, P. (2003). New species and new records of American lichenicolous fungi. Herzogia 16: 41–90.

Elix, J.A. (2009). Physciacae, 3. Pyxine,pp. 517–533. In: McCarthy, P.M. (Ed.). Flora of Australia Volume 57. Lichens 5. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, Canberra & Melbourne,

Ezhkin, A.K. & F. Schumm (2018). New and noteworthy records of lichens and allied fungi from Sakhalin Island, Russian Far East, II. Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 55: 45–50.

Gogoi, R., S. Joseph, S. Nayaka & F. Yasmin (2019). Additions to the lichen biota of Assam State, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 11(6): 13765–13781.

Hafellner, J., R.B. Filson & R.W. Rogers (1989). Some genera and species of lichenized fungi new to Australia. Nova Hedwigia 48: 229–235.

Hawksworth, D.L., V. Atienza & B.J. Coppins (2010). Artificial keys to the lichenicolous fungi of Great Britain, Ireland, the Channel Islands, Iberian Peninsula, and Canary Islands. Fourth draft edition for testing only.

Joshi, Y. (2008). Morpho-taxonomic studies on lichen family Teloschistaceae from India. Ph.D. Thesis. Kumaun University.

Joshi, Y. (2018). Documentation of lichenicolous fungi from India - Some additional reports. Kavaka 51: 30–34.

Joshi, Y., A. Falswal, M. Tripathi, S. Upadhyay, A. Bisht, K. Chandra, R. Bajpai & D.K. Upreti (2016). One hundred and five species of lichenicolous biota from India: An updated checklist for the country. Mycosphere 7(3): 268–294.

Joshi, Y., K. Bisht & N. Suda (2020a). Lichenicolous fungi colonizing members of the lichen-forming family Teloschistaceae in India. Kew Bulletin 75: 54.

Joshi, Y., M. Tripathi, K. Bisht, S. Upadhyay, V. Kumar, N. Pal, A. Gaira, S. Pant, K.S. Rawat, S. Bisht, R. Bajpai & J.P. Halda (2018). Further contributions to the documentation of lichenicolous fungi from India. Kavaka 50: 26–33.

Joshi, Y., P. Kumar, A.L. Yadav, N. Suda & J.P. Halda (2020b). Distribution and diversity of lichenicolous fungi from western Himalayan Cold Deserts of India, including a new Zwackhiomyces species. Sydowia 73: 171–183.

Khan, S.I., A.K. Raina & D.K. Upreti (2010). Enumeration & distribution of lichens in Surankote, District Poonch, J&K (India). Environment Conservation Journal 11(3): 27–31.

Khare, R., D.K. Upreti, M.U. Haq & B.C. Behera (2020). Diversity of Lichens in Jammu and Kashmir State In: Dar, G.H. & A.A. Khuroo (eds.). Biodiversity of the Himalaya: Jammu and Kashmir State. Springer, Singapore, 1,100pp.

Kocourková, J., K. Knudsen & S. Tucker (2012). A checklist of the lichenicolous biota of California. – Opuscula Philolichenum 11: 64–103.

Kondratyuk, S., L. Lőkös, S. Tschabanenko, M. Haji-Moniri, E. Farkas, X. Wang, S.-O. Oh & J.-S. Hur (2013). New and noteworthy lichen-forming and lichenicolous fungi. Acta Botanica Hungarica 55: 275–349.

Kumar V. & Y.P. Sharma (2020). New regional records and an updated checklist of lichen family parmeliaceae from Jammu and Kashmir, India. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology 50(2):111–121.

Kumar, J., R. Khare, H. Rai, D.K. Upreti, A. Tayade, S. Hota, O.P. Chaurasia & R.B. Srivastava (2012). Diversity of lichens along altitudinal and land use gradients in the Trans Himalayan cold desert of Ladakh. Nature and Science 10: 1–9.

Logesh, A.R., M. Chinlampianga, A.C. Shukla & D.K. Upreti (2017). Studies on Lichens of Mizoram, Northeast India. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences 87(2): 445–457.

Longán, A. & A. Gómez-Bolea (1999). Lichens and lichenicolous fungi on Quercus ilex L., poorly known in evergreen oak forests of Catalonia (Spain). Cryptogamie, Mycologie 20: 49–55.

Marbach, B. (2000). Corticole und lignicole Arten der Flechtengattung Buellia sensu lato in den Subtropen und Tropen. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 74: 1–384.

Mayrhofer, H., J.W. Sheard, M.C. Grassler & J.A. Elix (2001). Rinodina intermedia (Physciaceae, lichenized Ascomycetes): a well characterized species with submuriform ascospores. Bryologist 104: 456–463. [0456: RIPLAA]2.0.CO;2

Mishra, G.K. & D.K. Upreti (2015). Lichen flora of Kumaun Himalaya. Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany, 602pp.

Mongkolsuk, P., S. Meesim, V. Poengsungnoen & K. Kalb (2012). The lichen family Physciaceae in Thailand – I. The genus Pyxine. Phytotaxa 59: 32–54.

Nayak, S.K., R. Bajpai, D.K. Upreti & K.B. Satapathy (2016). Diversity of lichen flora of Odisha, India-A review. Studies in Fungi 1(1): 114–124.

Orange, A., P.W. James & F.J. White (2001). Microchemical Methods for the Identification of Lichens. British Lichen Society, London, 101pp.

Poelt, J. & E. Hinteregger (1993). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flechtenflora des Himalaya VII. Die Gattungen Caloplaca, Fulgensia und Ioplaca (mit englischem Bestimmungsschlüssel). Bibliotheca Lichenologica 50: 1–247.

Randlane, T. & A. Saag (1998). Synopsis of the genus Nephromopsis (fam. Parmeliaceae, lichenized Ascomycota). Cryptogamie, Bryologie Lichénologie 19 (2–3): 175–191.

Reddy, M.A., S. Nayaka, P.C. Shankar, S.R. Reddy & B.R.P. Rao (2011). New distributional records and checklist of lichens for Andhra Pradesh, India. Indian Forester 137(12): 1371–1376.

Schubert, R. & O. Klement (1966). Beitrage zur Flechtenflora von Nord und Mittel Indien. Nova Hedwigia 2: 1–73.

Sheard, J.W. (2010). The Lichen Genus Rinodina (Ach.) Gray (Lecanoromycetidae, Physciaceae) in North America, North of Mexico. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 246pp.

Sheikh, M.A., A.K., Raina & D.K. Upreti (2009). Lichen flora of Surinsar-Mansar wildlife sanctuary, J&K. Journal of Applied and Natural Science 1(1): 79–81.

Sheikh, M.A., D.K. Upreti & A.K. Raina (2006). Lichen Diversity in Jammu and Kashmir, India. Geophytology 36(1&2): 69–85.

Singh, K.P. & G.P. Sinha (2010). Indian Lichens: An Annotated Checklist. Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata.

Smith, A.L. (1931). Lichens from Northern India. Transactions of British Mycological Society 16: 128–132.

Solan, S., K.A., Mehta & R. Magotra (2010). A catalogue of lichens of Ramnagar Wildlife Sanctuary, Jammu (J&K). Phytotaxonomy 10: 134–138.

Urbanavichene, I., G. Urbanavichus, A. Meaka & Z. Palice (2013). New records of lichens and lichenicolous fungi from the Southern Ural Mountains, Russia. II. – Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 50: 73–80.

Weerakoon, G. & A. Aptroot (2014). Over 200 new lichen records from Sri Lanka, with three new species to science. Cryptogamie, Mycologie 35(1): 51–62.

Wetmore, C.M. (2003). The Caloplaca squamosa group in North and Central America. Bryologist 106: 147–156.[0147: TCSGIN]2.0.CO;2

Xia, Y., L.L. Zhao, Q.F. Wu & H.J. Liu (2018). Four new records of Leptogium from China. Mycotaxon 133(1)55–61.

Yang, M.X., X.Y. Wang, D. Liu, Y.Y. Zhang, L.J. Li, A.C. Yin, C. Scheidegger, L.S. Wang (2019). New species and records of Pyxine (Caliciaceae) in China. MycoKeys 45: 93–109.

Zhurbenko, M.P. (2013). A first list of lichenicolous fungi from India. Mycobiota 3: 19–34.

Most read articles by the same author(s)