A diversity of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from a cashew ecosystem in Kerala, India

Main Article Content

Mamparambath Subramanian Smitha
Ambalaparambil V. Sudhikumar
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4479-4995

Abstract

An exhaustive study was conducted to document spider fauna in cashew orchards of the Cashew Research Station, Madakkathara, Kerala, India from January 2015 to July 2017.  A total of 63 species of spiders under 52 genera belonging to 14 families were recorded.  The most species-rich families were Salticidae and Araneidae representing 33 and 27 per cent, respectively, of the total spider fauna.  A guild structure analysis revealed six feeding guilds, viz.: stalkers, orb-web builders, foliage runners, scattered line weavers, ground runners, and ambushers.  The occurrence of spiders was at a maximum during the monsoon with 59 species, followed by 26 during winter, 16 species during summer, and eight species being present all-round the year.


 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Mamparambath Subramanian Smitha and Ambalaparambil V. Sudhikumar 2020. A diversity of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from a cashew ecosystem in Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 12, 13 (Sep. 2020), 16879–16884. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5973.12.13.16879-16884.
Section
Short Communications

References

Baba, Y.G., Y. Kusumoto & K. Tanaka (2018). Effects of agricultural practice and fine-scale landscape factors on spiders and a pest insect in Japanese rice paddy ecosystems. Bio Control 63: 265–275.

Beevi, P.S. & G.K. Mahapatro (2008). Species-spectrum and inter-relationship between ant and spider fauna in cashew agro-ecosystem. Journal of Plantation Crops 36(3): 375–381.

Bhat, P.S., K.K. Srikumar & T.N. Raviprasad (2013). Spider (Arachnida: Araneae), diversity, seasonality and status in cashew agro-ecosystem. Indian Journal of Arachnology 2 (2): 7–16.

Breene, R.G., R.L. Meagher & D.A. Dean (1993). Spiders (Araneae) and Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Texas Sugarcane Fields. The Florida Entomologist 76: 645–650.

Caleb, J.T.D. & P.M. Sankaran (2020). Araneae of India. Version 2020, online at http:// www.indianspiders.in. Accessed on 28 July 2020.

Choudhury, J.C.B. (1962). Preliminary investigation on the insect pests of cashew plants in Kerala. Indian Forester 88: 516–522.

Devasahayam, S. & C.P.R. Nair (1986). The tea mosquito bug, Helopeltis antonii Signoret on cashew in India. Journal of Plantation Crops 14: 1–10.

Kralj-Fiser, S. & M. Gregoric (2019). Spider welfare, pp.105–118. In: Carere, C. & J. Mather (eds.). The Welfare of Invertebrate Animals. Vol. 18. Springer, Cham, 248pp.

Marc, P., A. Canard & F. Ysnel (1999). Spiders (Araneae) useful for pest limitation and bioindication. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 74: 229–273.

Raghavendra, N. (2001). Diversity of arboreal spiders in cashew orchards. M.Sc. Dissertation, Department of Applied Zoology, Mangalore University, 130pp.

Rajeshwaran, J.P., P. Duraimurugan & P.S. Shanmugam (2005). Role of spiders in agriculture and horticulture ecosystem. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 3: 147–152.

Riechert, S.E. & L. Bishop (1990). Prey Control by an Assemblage of Generalist Predators: Spiders in a Garden Test System. Ecology 71: 1441–1450. https://doi.org/10.2307/1938281 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1938281

Sundararaju, D. (1984). Studies on cashew pests and their natural enemies in Goa. Journal of Plantation Crops 12: 38–46.

Sundararaju, D. (2003). Record and cumulative effect of recommended insecticidal spray schedule on arthropod predatory fauna occurring on cashew. The Cashew 17(1): 30–33.

Uetz, G.W., J. Halaj & A.B. Cady (1999). Guild structure of spiders in major crops. The Journal of Arachnology 27: 270–280.

World Spider Catalog (2020). World Spider Catalog, Version 21.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch. Accessed on 11 July 2020.

Yang, H., Y. Peng, J. Tian, J. Wang, B. Wei, C. Xie & Z. Wang. (2018). Rice field spiders in China: A review of the literature. Journal of Economic Entomology 111(1): 53–64.