Main Article Content
An observation on avian species composition, density, and diversity was carried out at three selected water bodies of Khanapur Taluka, Belagavi District, for a period of 11 months in 2014. During the study, a total of 28 species belonging to 12 families from five orders were recorded. Of these, Ciconiiformes was represented by seven families followed by Coraciiformes by two families while Anseriformes, Charadriiformes and Gruiformes were represented by one family each. Among the three water bodies studied, maximum species composition (26 species) was recorded from Nandgad pond which also hosts Lesser Adjutant Stork and Wooly-necked Stork categorized as ‘Vulnerable’ and Painted Stork, River Tern and Oriental White Ibis as ‘Near Threatened’ by the IUCN Red List. Bidi Minor Irrigation Tank stands second with 17 species while the minimum was recorded at Hebbal Minor Irrigation Tank with 11 species. Based on our observation, a smaller habitat with habitat heterogeneity can attract more assemblages of avifauna and also result in increased species richness and diversity.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27188.8.131.5253-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Barve, S. & R. Warrier (2013). Bird diversity of the Sharavathy landscape, Karnataka. Indian BIRDS Vol. 8(3): 57–61.
Basavarajappa, S. (2006). Avifauna of Agro-Ecosystems of Maidan Area of Karnataka. Zoos’ Print Journal 21(4): 2217–2219.
Bhat, I.P., S.S. Christopher & B.B. Hosetti (2009). Avifaunal diversity of Anekere wetland, Karkala, Udupi district, Karnataka, India. Journal of Environmental Biology 30(6): 1059–1062.
Birasal, N.R. (2015). The Diversity of Terrestrial Birds In and Around Haveri, Karnataka, India. Journal of Environmental Research and Development Vol. 9 No. 3A: 725–732.
Buckland, S., T. Stuart, J. Mersden & R.E. Green (2008). Estimating bird abundance: making methods work. Bird Conservation International 18: S91–108. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959270908000294 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959270908000294
Canepuccia, A.D., J.P. Isacch, D.A. Gagliardini, A.H. Escalante & O.O. Iribarne (2007). Waterbird response to changes in habitat area and diversity generated by rainfall in a SW Atlantic coastal lagoon. Waterbirds 30(4): 541–553.
Colwell, M.A. & O.W. Taft (2000). Waterbird Communities in Managed Wetlands of Varying Water Depth. Waterbirds 23(1): 45–55.
Dinesh, K.P., S.G. Keshavmurthy, K.V. Kumar, D.V. Krishnamurthy, H.M. Prakasha, S.R.S. Kumar & G Bhatta (2007). Additions to the Birds of Kuvempu University campus, Shimoga District, Karnataka. Zoos’ Print Journal 22(10): 2873. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.1604.2873 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.1604.2873
Fairbairn, S.E. & J.J. Dinsmore (2001). Local and landscape-level influences on wetland bird communities of the prairie pothole region of Iowa, USA. WETLANDS 21(1): 41–47. https://doi.org/10.1672/0277-5212(2001)021[0041:LALLIO]2.0.CO;2
Whitworth, D., S.H. Newman, T. Mundkur & P. Harris (eds.) (2007).Wild Birds and Avian Influenza: an introduction to applied field research and disease sampling techniques. FAO Animal Production and Health Manual, No. 5. Rome. www.fao.org/avianflu
Gonzalez, A. Gajardo, P.V. Sepulveda & R. Schlatter (2009). Waterbird assemblages and habitat characteristics in wetlands: influence of temporal variability on species-habitat relationships. Waterbirds 32(2): 225–233.
Grimmett, R., C. Inskipp & T. Inskipp (2011). Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Oxford University Press, Delhi, 528pp.
Harisha, M.N. & B.B. Hosetti (2009). Diversity and Distribution of Avifauna of Lakkavalli Range Forest, Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghat, India. Ecological Society (ECOS), Nepal 16: 21–27.
Harisha, M.N. & B. Hosetti (2018). Status and conservation issues of wetland birds in Komaranahalli Lake, Davanagere District, Karnataka, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(2): 11290–11294. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2809.10.2.11290-11294 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2809.10.2.11290-11294
Helmers, D.L. (1992). Shorebird Management Manual. Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network. Manomet, MA. pp.58.
Kaulgud, S., H.D. Neelgund & G.G. Kadadevaru (2016). Some Studies on Bird Communities of Magadi Lake: With Reference to Diversity and Abundance. Asia Pacific Journal of Research Vol. 1(XLV): 25–33.
Kottawa-Arachchi, J.D. & R.N. Gamage (2015). Avifaunal diversity and bird community responses to man-made habitats in St. Coombs Tea Estate, Sri Lanka. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(2): 6878–6890. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3483.6878-90 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3483.6878-90
Lorenzon, R.E., A.H. Beltzer, P.F. Olguin & A.l. Ronchi-Virgolini (2016). Habitat heterogeneity drives bird species richness, nestedness and habitat selection by individual species in fluvial wetlands of the Parana River, Argentina. Austral Ecology 41: 829–841. https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12375 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12375
Manjunath, K. & B. Joshi (2012). Avifaunal diversity in Gulbarga region, north Karnataka. Recent Research in Science and Technology 4(7): 27–34.
Nazneen, K., Gururaja, K.V., Manjunath Reddy, A.H. & S.V. Krishnamurthy (2001). Birds of Kuvempu University campus, Shimoga District, Karnataka. Zoos’ Print Journal 16(8): 557–560. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.16.8.557-60 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.16.8.557-60
Paracuellos, M. (2006). How can habitat selection affect the use of a wetland complex by waterbirds? Biodiversity and Conservation 15: 4569. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-005-5820-z DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-005-5820-z
Patankar, P., I. Desai, K. Shinde & B. Suresh (2007). Ecology and Breeding Biology of the Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis in an Industrial area at Vadodara, Gujarat. Zoos’ Print Journal 22(11): 2885–2888. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.1566.2885-8 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.1566.2885-8
Patil, M.S. & N.C. Hiragond (2013). Avifauna diversity along the Ghataprabha River in Shettihalli, Hukkeri Taluk, North Karnataka. The Ecoscan - An International Biannual Journal of Environmental Sciences, 7(1&2): 79–82.
Porej, D (2004). Vegetation cover and wetland complex size as predictors of bird use of created wetlands of Ohio, pp. 151–160.https://kb.osu.edu/bitstream/handle/1811/95/5.04%20C%20and%20Z%20Predictors.pdf?sequence=1
Rajashekara, S. & M.G. Venkatesha (2010). The diversity and abundance of waterbirds in lakes of Bangalore City, Karnataka, India. Biosystematica 4(2): 63–73.
Seedikkoya, K., P.A. Azeez & E.A.A. Shukkur (2007). Cattle Egret as a Biocontrol Agent. Zoos’ Print Journal 22(10): 2864–2866. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.1731.2864-6 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.1731.2864-6
Kumar, K.M.V. & V. Kumara (2014). Species diversity of birds in mangroves of Kundapura, Udupi District, Karnataka, Southwest Coast of India. Journal of Forestry Research 25(3): 661–666. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11676-014-0450-5 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11676-014-0450-5