Main Article Content
Wind energy is an upcoming major source of clean energy.Â The unprecedented proliferation of wind farms across landscapes has raised concerns on the environmental impacts.Â Generally reported direct impacts of wind farms include collision of birds and bats with turbines, habitat alterations, noise pollution from the turbines, aesthetic impact on landscapes and displacement of faunal species.Â Here we report our preliminary results indicating an apparent positive association of Indian Hares Lepus nigricollis with a wind farm in a scrub forest area.Â This study was conducted at Harada Reserve Forest near Harapanahalli of Davangere District, Karnataka, India.Â The pellet count method was used for comparing the abundance of the species between areas.Â The abundance of Indian Hares in wind farm area was significantly higher than in the surrounding forest area without turbines.Â The factors that might be affecting this pattern of preferential use of wind farm area by the Indian Hare are discussed and the scope for further studies also highlighted.Â
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2718.104.22.16853-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Arun, P.R., R. Jaypal & V. Anoop (2015). Impact of Hara wind power project of CLP wind farms (India) Ltd. on wildlife including migratory birds and raptors at Harapanahalli, Davangere, Karnataka. SACON Technical report, SACON, 60pp.
Arun, P.R., M.S. Ali & S.R. Kumar (2014). Monitoring the Impacts of Jangi Wind Power Farm (91.8 MW) with Special Reference to Birds and Bats. Technical report, SACON, Coimbatore, 92pp.
Bernardino, J., R. Bispo, H. Costa & M. Mascarenhas (2013). Estimating bird and bat fatality at wind farms: a practical overview of estimators, their assumptions and limitations. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 40(1): 63â€“74.
Barclay, R.M., R. Baerwald & J.C. Gruver (2007). Variation in bat and bird fatalities at wind energy facilities: assessing the effects of rotor size and tower height. Canadian Journal of Zoology 85(3): 381â€“387.
Howe, R.W., W. Evans & A.T. Wolf (2002). Effects of Wind Turbines on Birds and Bats in North Eastern Wisconsin. Wisconsin Public Service Corporation, Madison, Wisconsin, 104pp.
Kikuchi, R. (2008). Adverse impacts of wind power generation on collision behaviour of birds and anti-predator behaviour of squirrels. Journal for Nature Conservation 16(1): 44â€“55.
Kuvlesky, W.P., L.A. Brennan Jr., M.L. Morrison, K.K. Boydstone, B.M. Ballard & F.C. Bryant (2007). Wind energy development and wildlife conservation: challenges and opportunities. Journal of Wildlife Management 71: 2487â€“98.
Kunz, T.H., E.B. Arnett, B.M. Cooper, W.P. Erickson, R.P. Larkin, T. Mabee & J.M. Szewczak (2007). Assessing impacts of wind-energy development on nocturnally active birds and bats: a guidance document. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(8) : 2449â€“2486.
Krebs, C.J., B.S. Gilbert, S. Boutin & R. Boonstra (1987). Estimation of snowshoe hare population density from turd transects. Canadian Journal of Zoology 65: 565â€“567.
Krebs, J.C., R. Boonstra, V. Nams, M.O. Donoghue, K.E. Hodges & S. Boutin (2001). Estimating snowshoe hare population density from pellet plot: A further evaluation. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79: 1â€“4.
Luniak, M. (2004). Synurbizatio-adaptation of Animal Wildlife to Urban Development. Proceedings 4th International Urban Wildlife symposium, 50â€“55pp.
Larsen, J.K. & J. Madsen (2000). Effects of wind turbines and other physical elements on field utilization by Pink-footed Geese (Anser brachyrhynchus): A landscape perspective. Landscape Ecology 15(8): 755â€“764.
Larsen, J.K. & M. Guillematte (2007). Effect of wind turbines on flight behaviour of wintering common eiders: implications for habitat use and collision risk. Journal Applied Ecology 44: 516â€“522.
Maheswaran, G. & M. Jordan (2008). Lepus nigricollis: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species:e.T41282A10432461. IUCN. Retrieved from http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/41282/0
Nelson, H.K. & R.C. Curry (1995). Assessing avian interactions with windplant development and operation. Transaction of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources conference 60: 266â€“287.
Narwade, S.S., P.A. Shaikh, M.V. Prabhu & A.R. Rahmani (2013). Review of existing global guidelines, policies, and methodologies for the study of impact of windmills on birds and bats: requirements in India. BUCEROS 18(1&2): 1â€“ 48.
Pande, S., A. Padhye, P. Deshpande, A. Ponkshe, P. Pandit, A. Pawashe & P. Deshpande (2013). Avian collision threat assessment at Bhambarwadi Wind Farm Plateau in northern Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(1): 3504â€“3515; http://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3096.210
Rabin, L.A., R.G. Coss & D.H. Owings (2006). The effect of wind turbines on antipredator behaviour in California Ground Squirrels (Spermophilus beecheyi). Biological Conservation 131: 410-420.
Santos, M., R. Bastos, P. Travassos, R. Bessa, M. Repas, J. Alexandre & J.A. Cabral (2010). Predicting the trends of vertebrate species richness as a response to wind farms installation in mountain ecosystems of northwest Portugal.
Ecological Indicators 10: 192â€“205.
Whitfield, D.P. & A. Coupar (2008). Effects of terrestrial wind farms on birds and upland habitats, pp. 205â€“220. In: Galbraith, C.A. & J.M. Baxter (eds.). Energy and the Natural Heritage. The Stationery Office, Edinburgh.