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Thirty species of marine mammals have been recorded from Sri Lanka.Â Amongst them the Indo-Pacific Finless Porpoise Neophocaena phocaenoides is the only representative of the family Phocoenidae.Â The only previous record from Sri Lanka was a specimen caught on the Wadge Bank by a Smithsonian Carangid Survey team in 1970.Â Wadge Bank is west of the island and is, in fact, in Indian territorial waters.Â Here we present the first legitimate records of the Finless Porpoise from Sri Lanka, based on one stranding and three live sightings.Â Furthermore, the occurrence of threatened species such as the Indo-Pacific Finless Porpoise in the waters of the Palk Bay and the Gulf of Mannar indicates that a cross boundary research initiative between Indian and Sri Lankan scientists, simultaneously focusing on the conservation of the species, is essential.Â We believe, through such an initiative, a more holistic approach could be adopted when studying and conserving the species, which could then be expanded to encapsulate many other marine species and ecosystems.Â
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