Two new varieties of Russula Pers. (Basidiomycota: Russulaceae) from Sal forests of Shiwaliks, India

Main Article Content

Jitender Kumar
Narender Singh Atri


This paper deals with two new varieties of Russula species, R. camarophylla var. reticulospora var. nov. and R. aurea var. minuta var. nov. These were collected from the Shiwalik range of northwestern India, in association with Shorea robusta. Russula aurea var. minuta differs from R. aurea in having small sized sporophores, dentate to wavy gill edges with golden or yellow deposition instead of smooth and much smaller spores. Whereas, mushroom R. camarophylla var. reticulospora is close to Russula camarophylla except for the larger carpophores that have white cream pileus surface and larger spores. In basidiospores warts are connected to form mostly complete reticulum instead of mostly isolated warts reported in Russula camarophylla. In view of the presence of some unique varied features in the presently examined collections two new varieties of Russula has been proposed. 

Article Details

How to Cite
Jitender Kumar and Narender Singh Atri 2022. Two new varieties of Russula Pers. (Basidiomycota: Russulaceae) from Sal forests of Shiwaliks, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 14, 5 (May 2022), 21076–21083. DOI:


Atri, N.S. & S.S. Saini (1986). Further contributions on the studies of North West Himalayan Russulaceae. Geobios new Reports 5: 100–105.

Atri, N.S., M.K. Saini & S.S. Saini (1994). Indian Russulaceae Roze – A check list, pp. 81–93. In: Sarma, T.A., S.S. Saini, M.L. Trivedi & M. Sharma (eds.). Current Researches in Plant Sciences Vol 1. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun.

Atri, N.S., M. Kaur & S. Sharma (2017). Characterization of Lamellate Mushrooms - An Appraisal pp. 471–500. In: Satyanarayana, T., S. Deshmukh & B. Johri (eds.). Developments in Fungal Biology and Applied Mycology. Springer, Singapore.

Atri, N.S., A. Kaur & H. Kaur (2005). Wild Mushrooms – Collection and Identification, pp. 9–26. In: Rai, R.D., R.C. Upadhyay & S.R. Sharma (eds.). Frontiers in Mushroom Biotechnology. NRCM Chambaghat, Solan.

Atri, N.S., A. Kaur & S.S. Saini (2000). Taxonomic studies on Agaricus from Punjab plains. Indian Journal of Mushroom 18: 6–1.

Ba, A.M., R. Duponnois, B. Moyersoen, G. Abdala & A.G. Diedhiou (2012). Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis of tropical African trees. Mycorrhiza 22: 1–29.

Boffelli, A. (2012). Segnalazione e studio di funghi rari o interessanti presenti in Lombardia. Rivista di Micologia 55(2): 117–135.

Buyck, B., P. Hériveau & M. Roger (2003). Quelques récoltes récents de Russula camarophylla. Bulletin trimestriel de la Société mycologique de France 119: 217–229.

Champion, H.G. & S.K. Seth (1968). A revised survey of the forest types of India. New Delhi Manager of Publications, Govt. of India, 404 pp.

Corrales, A., A.E. Arnold, A. Ferrer, B.L. Turner & J.W. Dalling (2016). Variation in ectomycorrhizal fungal communities associated with Oreomunnea mexicana (Juglandaceae) in a Neotropical montane forest. Mycorrhiza 26: 1–17. https://doi.10.1007/s00572-015-0641-8

Das, K. & P. Marstad (2014). 100 wild mushrooms of Slovakia. Tønsberg, Norway, 126 pp.

Kirk, P.M. (2014). Species Fungorum (Version October 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of life. Species 2000 & ITIS Retrieved 30.x.2014.

Kornerup, A. & J.H. Wanscher (1978). Methuen Handbook of Colours (3rd ed.). Eyre Methuen, London, 252 pp.

Kumar, J. & N.S. Atri (2016). Characterisation of ectomycorrhiza of Russula and Lactifluus (Russulaceae) associated with Shorea robusta from Indian Shiwaliks. Nova Hedwigia 103(3–4): 501–513. /0368

Kumar, J. & N.S. Atri (2019). Characterisation and identification of ectomycorrhizae of Russula (Russulaceae: Basidiomycota) associated with Shorea robusta. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 31(1): 114–124.

Manoharachary, C., K. Sridhar, R. Singh, A. Adholeya, T.S. Suryanarayanan, S.S. Rawat & B.N. Johri (2005). Fungal biodiversity: distribution, conservation and prospecting of fungi from India. Current Science 89(1): 58–71.

Pidlich-Aigner, H. & W. Klofac (2018). Russula camarophylla - eine ungewöhnliche Art der Sektion Archaeinae. Russula camarophylla - an unusual species of section Archaeinae. Österr. Z. Pilzk. 27: 65–69.

Rayner, R.W. (1970). Keys to the British species of Russula pt. III. Lists of species presenting specified diagnostic features and descriptions. Bulletin of British Mycological Society 4(1): 19–46.

Riviére, T., A.G. Diedhiou, M. Diabate, G. Senthilarasu, K. Natarajan, A. Verbeken, B. Buyck, B. Dreyfus, G. Bena & A.M. Ba (2007). Genetic diversity of ectomycorrhizal basidiomycetes from African and Indian tropical forests. Mycorrhiza 17: 415–428.

Romagnesi, H. (1967). Les Russulesd´ Europe et de 1´ Afrique du Nord. Bordas. Paris, 998 pp.

Romagnesi, H. (1968). Une espèce européenne nouvelle de la Section malgache des Archaeinae Heim: Russula camarophylla nov. sp. Bulletin Mensuel de la Societe Linneenne de Lyon 37(3): 104–108.

Saini S.S. & N.S. Atri (1984). Studies on North West Himalayan Russulaceae. Geobios new Reports 3: 4–6.

Saini, S.S. & N.S. Atri (1989). North Indian Agaricales–XI. Section Russula Pers. in India. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology 19(1): 44–49.

Setti, I. & P. Bigoni (1998). Russula camarophylla romagnesi un raro ritrovamento della Valseriana. Rivista di Micologia 1: 61–64.

Sharma, S., M.K. Saini & N.S. Atri (2016). Some new records of Russulaceous mushrooms from North West Himalayas. Kavaka 46: 5–13.

Sharma, S., N.S. Atri, M.K. Saini & B. Verma (2017). Catalogue of Russulaceous Mushrooms of India. Nova Hedwigia. 106(3–4): 357–401.

Singer, R. (1986). The Agaricales in Modern Taxonomy. 4th Ed. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany, 981 pp.

Tedersoo, L., T.W. May & M.E. Smith (2010). Ectomycorrhizal lifestyle in fungi: global diversity, distribution, and evolution of phylogenetic lineages. Mycorrhiza 20: 217–263.

Wang, X., J. Liu, D. Long, Q. Han & J. Huang (2017). The ectomycorrhizal fungal communities associated with Quercus liaotungensis in different habitats across northern China. Mycorrhiza 27: 441–449.

Wang, X.H., K. Das, I. Bera, Y.H. Chen, R.P. Bhatt, A. Ghosh, M.E. Hembrom, V. Hofstetter, A. Parihar, A. Vizzini, T.M. Xu, C.L. Zhao & B. Buyck (2019). Fungal Biodiversity Profiles 81–90. Cryptogamie, Mycologie 40(5): 57–95.

Wasser, S.P. (2002). Medicinal mushrooms as a source of antitumor and immunomodulating polysaccharides. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 60(3): 258–274.

Wasser, S.P. (2011). Current findings, future trends, and unsolved problems in studies of medicinal mushrooms. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 89(5): 1323–1232.