Journal of Threatened Taxa | www.threatenedtaxa.org | 26 December 2021 | 13(14): 20167–20173

 

ISSN 0974-7907 (Online) | ISSN 0974-7893 (Print) 

https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.7518.13.14.20167-20173

#7518 | Received 12 June 2021 | Final received 04 October 2021 | Finally accepted 20 November 2021

 

 

 

Checklist of Odonata (Insecta) of Doon Valley, Uttarakhand, India

 

Kritish De 1, Sarika Bhatt 2, Amar Paul Singh 3, Manisha Uniyal 4  & Virendra Prasad Uniyal 5

 

1 Department of Life Sciences, Sri Sathya Sai University for Human Excellence, Navanihal, Karnataka 585313, India.
1,2,3,5 Wildlife Institute of India, Chandrabani, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 248001, India.
2 Department of Zoology, Shri Guru Ram Rai University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 248001, India.
4 Department of Zoology, Dayanand Bijendra Swaroop PG College, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 248001, India.

1 kritish.de@gmail.com (corresponding author), 2 amarpaulsingh4@gmail.com, 3 sarika.r.b04@gmail.com, 4 manishauniyal31@gmail.com, 5 uniyalvp@wii.gov.in

 

 

 

Editor: K.A. Subramanian, Zoological Survey of India, Chennai, India.      Date of publication: 26 December 2021 (online & print)

 

Citation: De, K., S. Bhatt, A.P. Singh, M. Uniyal & V.P. Uniyal (2021). Checklist of Odonata (Insecta) of Doon Valley, Uttarakhand, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 13(14): 20167–20173. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.7518.13.14.20167-20173

 

Copyright: © De et al. 2021. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.  JoTT allows unrestricted use, reproduction, and distribution of this article in any medium by providing adequate credit to the author(s) and the source of publication.

 

Funding: This work was funded by National Mission on Himalayan Studies, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India (Grant No.: NMHS/2017-18/MG42/26).

 

Competing interests: The authors declare no competing interests.

 

Author details: Kritish De is working as assistant professor at Sri Sathya Sai University for Human Excellence. Previously he worked as project fellow at Wildlife Institute of India. His research interests are biodiversity and ecology. Sarika Bhatt is a doctoral student at Shri Guru Ram Rai University. Her research interests are biodiversity and ecology of aquatic insects. Amar Paul Singh is presently working as a researcher at Wildlife Institute of India. His research interests include diversity, taxonomy, ecology and animal behaviour. Manisha Uniyal is working as assistant professor at Dayanand Brijendra Swaroop Postgraduate College. Her interests are biodiversity and ecology of aquatic ecosystem. Virendra Prasad Uniyal is working as Scientist – G at Wildlife Institute of India. His research interests are ecology and systematics of insects, bio-indicators, biodiversity surveys and ecological monitoring.

 

Author contributions: KD—conceptualization, formal analysis, writing original draft; SB—writing original draft; APS–writing original draft, MU—writing original draft, VPU—supervision, review, and editing the draft.

 

Acknowledgements: Authors express gratitude to the Director and Dean, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun for their support for the study. Authors are thankful to the National Mission on Himalayan Studies, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India for sponsoring the work.

 

 

 

Abstract: In this communication, we have collated a checklist of 97 species of odonates from Doon valley, Uttarakhand by reviewing the literature. These species are distributed across 13 families, 58 genera, and eight superfamilies. Of these species, 60 were Anisoptera (dragonflies) and 37 were Zygoptera (damselflies).  Three species of dragonflies and two damselflies are endemic to India. This checklist updates existing knowledge on insect diversity in the Doon valley and will aid conservation management of wetlands in the region.

 

Keywords: Anisoptera, conservation, damselfly, diversity, dragonfly, endemic species, Zygoptera.

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Odonates are relatively well known because the adults are colourful, relatively large, and easily visible as they pursue insect prey in freshwater habitats ranging from permanent water bodies to pools and puddles (Thorp & Rogers 2011). They are excellent indicators for monitoring the health of freshwater ecosystems. The order Odonata is divided into three suborders, with 6,337 recorded species (Paulson et al. 2021),  of which 493 (plus 27 subspecies) in 154 genera and 18 families are reported from India (Subramanian & Babu 2019). Of these, the Himalaya account for 257 species under 112 genera and 18 families (Subramanian & Babu 2018), and Indian endemics include 186 species (including subspecies) belonging to 69 genera, with 34 species being endemic to the Himalaya (Subramanian & Babu 2018).

 The earliest accounts of odonates in the Doon valley were by Singh & Prasad (1976) and Prasad & Singh (1976), which documented the Anisoptera and Zygoptera, respectively. Subsequently, Kumar & Prasad (1981) published a list of western Himalayan odonates, which included odonates of Doon valley, and Hamalainen (1989) studied the odonate diversity of Dehradun valley. The diversity of odonates in Rajaji National Park was documented by Prasad & Singh (1995) and Kumar & Sharma (2003) documented the odonate fauna of Doon Valley’s Asan Wetland. The diversity of odonates in Sahastradhara and other parts of Dehradun was documented by Husain (2018).

The Doon valley in the Indian state of Uttarakhand is a mountain valley bounded in the south-west by the Siwalik Range, in the north-east by the Mussoorie Range of the Lesser Himalaya, in the north-west by the Yamuna River, and in the south-east by the Ganga River. Habitats include hardwood deciduous forest, blossoming and fruiting trees, wetlands, Terai, and Bhabar ecosystems. There are several rivers: Song, Tons, Suswa, Jakhan, Rispana, and Asan, plus many lesser streams moving through Doon Valley, providing ideal wildlife habitats. Because there is no recent updated information on odonates of the Doon valley, the creation of a checklist with updates was deemed necessary for conservation management of the dragonflies and damselflies the valley.

 

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS

 

The checklist provided in this communication is based on a review of existing literature (Sangal & Kumar 1970a,b; Singh & Prasad 1976; Prasad & Singh 1976, 1995; Kumar & Prasad 1978, 1981; Sangal & Tyagi 1985; Hamalainen 1989; Mitra, 1999, 2000a,b; Kumar & Sharma 2003; Husain 2018) on the odonate fauna of Doon valley (Figure 1). For the systematic position of the odonates, we followed Dijkstra et al. (2013). The nomenclature and endemic status of the species follow Kalkman et al. (2020).

 

 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

 

Currently, 97 species of odonates were reported from the Doon valley, Uttarakhand. This include 60 species, 37 genera, five families and four superfamilies of dragonflies (Anisoptera) (Table 1) and 37 species, 21 genera, eight families, and four superfamilies of damselflies (Zygoptera) (Table 2) (Figure 2).

Among the dragonflies, maximum number of species and genus were reported from Libellulidae (38 species, 22 genera), followed by Gomphidae (14 species, 10 genera), Aeshnidae (six species, three genera), Cordulegastridae (one genus, one species), and Macromiidae (one genus, one species) (Figure 3A).

Among the damselflies, maximum number of species and genus were reported from the Coenagrionidae (16 species, six genera), followed by the Platycnemididae (six species, four genera),   Chlorocyphidae (five species, four genera), Lestidae (four species, two genera), Euphaeidae (three species, two genera); Calopterygidae, Platystictidae, and Synlestidae were represented with one genus and one species, each (Figure 3B). Percentage of genera and species of five families of Anisoptera and eight families of Zygoptera are given in Figure 4.

Among the odonates reported from the Doon valley, three dragonflies namely Anormogomphus heteropterus Selys, 1854, Burmagomphus sivalikensis Laidlaw, 1922, and Hylaeothemis gardeneri Fraser, 1927 and two damselflies Agriocnemis corbeti Kumar & Prasad, 1978 and Calicnemia doonensis doonensi Sangal & Tyagi, 1984 are endemic to India.

Insect populations are supposedly encountering broad decays; however, we, for the most part, have inadequate information on their abundance (Bried et al. 2020). There is a scarcity of knowledge on environmental variables and Odonata diversity in the Doon valley. Aquatic ecosystems are typically spatially and temporally constrained, and are often found in largely rural landscapes, making them vulnerable to farmland water management activities, which can put additional strain on water supplies (Balzan 2012). Since water and habitat management projects are the two most significant trend drivers, conservation research should pay more attention to understanding their function and mechanisms in driving Odonata trend changes (Tang & Visconti 2020). For appropriate biodiversity conservation and management practises, future research should focus on how odonate assemblage structure and diversity are correlated with different habitat variables in Doon valley.

 

Table 1. List of dragonflies reported from the Doon valley.

Suborder: Anisoptera Selys, 1854

Superfamily: Aeshnoidea Leach, 1815

Family: Aeshnidae Leach, 1815

Genus: Anax Leach in Brewster, 1815

 

Anax guttatus (Burmeister, 1839)

 

 

Anax immaculifrons Rambur, 1842

 

 

Anax nigrofasciatus nigrolineatus Fraser, 1935

 

 

Anax parthenope (Selys, 1839)

 

Genus: Gynacantha Rambur, 1842

 

 

Gynacantha bayadera Selys, 1891

 

Genus: Gynacanthaeschna Fraser, 1921

 

 

Gynacanthaeschna sikkima (Karsch, 1891)

 

Superfamily: Gomphoidea Rambur, 1842

Family: Gomphidae Rambur, 1842

Genus: Anisogomphus Selys, 1858

 

 

Anisogomphus occipitalis (Selys, 1854)

 

Genus: Anormogomphus Selys, 1854

 

 

Anormogomphus heteropterus Selys, 1854

Endemic to India

 

Anormogomphus kiritschenkoi Bartenef, 1913

 

Genus: Burmagomphus Williamson, 1907

 

 

Burmagomphus hasimaricus Fraser, 1926

 

 

Burmagomphus sivalikensis Laidlaw, 1922

Endemic to India

Genus: Ictinogomphus Cowley, 1934

 

 

Ictinogomphus rapax (Rambur, 1842)

 

Genus: Lamelligomphus Fraser, 1922

 

 

Lamelligomphus biforceps (Selys, 1878)

 

 

Lamelligomphus risi (Fraser, 1922)

 

Genus: Nepogomphus Fraser, 1934

 

 

Nepogomphus modestus (Selys, 1878)

 

Genus: Nychogomphus Carle, 1986

 

 

Nychogomphus duaricus (Fraser, 1924)

 

Genus: Onychogomphus Selys, 1854

 

 

Onychogomphus cerastis (Selys, 1854)

 

Genus: Paragomphus Cowley, 1934

 

 

Paragomphus lineatus (Selys, 1850)

 

Genus: Scalmogomphus Chao, 1990

 

 

Scalmogomphus bistrigatus (Hagen in Selys, 1854)

 

 

Scalmogomphus schmidti Fraser, 1937

 

Superfamily: Libelluloidea Leach, 1815

Family: Libellulidae Leach, 1815

Genus: Acisoma Rambur, 1842

 

 

Acisoma panorpoides Rambur, 1842

 

Genus: Brachydiplax Brauer, 1868

 

 

Brachydiplax sobrina (Rambur, 1842)

 

Genus: Brachythemis Brauer, 1868

 

 

Brachythemis contaminata (Fabricius, 1793)

 

Genus: Bradinopyga Kirby, 1893

 

 

Bradinopyga geminata (Rambur, 1842)

 

Genus: Cratilla Kirby, 1900

 

 

Cratilla lineata calverti Förster, 1903

 

Genus: Crocothemis Brauer, 1868

 

 

Crocothemis erythraea (Brullé, 1832)

 

 

Crocothemis servilia (Drury, 1773)

 

Genus: Diplacodes Kirby, 1889

 

 

Diplacodes lefebvrii (Rambur, 1842)

 

 

Diplacodes nebulosa (Fabricius, 1793)

 

 

Diplacodes trivialis Rambur, 1842

 

Genus: Hylaeothemis Ris, 1909

 

 

Hylaeothemis gardeneri Fraser, 1927

Endemic to India

Genus: Neurothemis Brauer, 1867

 

 

Neurothemis fulvia (Drury, 1773)

 

 

Neurothemis intermedia intermedia (Rambur, 1842)

 

 

Neurothemis tullia (Drury, 1773)

 

Genus: Orthetrum Newman, 1833

 

 

Orthetrum brunneum (Fonscolombe, 1837)

 

 

Orthetrum glaucum Brauer, 1865

 

 

Orthetrum internum McLachlan, 1894

 

 

Orthetrum luzonicum (Brauer, 1868)

 

 

Orthetrum pruinosum neglectum (Burmeister, 1839)

 

 

Orthetrum sabina sabina (Drury, 1770)

 

 

Orthetrum taeniolatum (Schneider, 1845)

 

 

Orthetrum triangulare triangulare (Selys, 1878)

 

Genus: Palpopleura Rambur, 1842

 

 

Palpopleura sexmaculata (Fabricius, 1787)

 

Genus: Pantala Hagen, 1861

 

 

Pantala flavescens (Fabricius, 1798)

 

Genus: Potamarcha Karsch, 1890

 

 

Potamarcha congener (Rambur, 1842)

 

Genus: Rhyothemis Hagen, 1867

 

 

Rhyothemis variegate variegata (Linnaeus, 1763)

 

Genus: Sympetrum Newman, 1833

 

 

Sympetrum striolatum commixtum (Selys, 1884)

 

Genus: Tetrathemis Brauer, 1868

 

 

Tetrathemis platyptera Selys, 1878

 

Genus: Tholymis Hagen, 1867

 

 

Tholymis tillarga (Fabricius, 1798)

 

Genus: Tramea Hagen, 1861

 

 

Tramea basilaris (Palisot de Beauvois, 1817)

 

 

Tramea virginia (Rambur, 1842)

 

Genus: Trithemis Brauer, 1868

 

 

Trithemis aurora (Burmeister, 1839)

 

 

Trithemis festiva (Rambur, 1842)

 

 

Trithemis kirbyi Selys, 1891

 

 

Trithemis pallidinervis (Kirby, 1889)

 

Genus: Urothemis Brauer, 1868

 

 

Urothemis signata (Rambur, 1842)

 

Genus: Zygonyx Selys in Hagen, 1867

 

 

Zygonyx torridus isis Fraser, 1924

 

Genus: Zyxomma Rambur, 1842

 

 

Zyxomma petiolatum Rambur, 1842

 

Family: Macromiidae Needham, 1903

Genus: Macromia Rambur, 1842

 

 

Macromia moorei Selys, 1874

 

Superfamily: Cordulegastroidea Hagen, 1875

Family: Cordulegastridae Hagen, 1875

Genus: Cordulegaster Leach in Brewster, 1815

 

 

Cordulegaster brevistigma (Selys, 1854)

 

 

 

Table 2. List of damselflies reported from the Doon valley.

Suborder: Zygoptera Selys, 1854

Superfamily: Calopterygoidea Selys, 1850

Family: Calopterygidae Selys, 1850

Genus: Neurobasis Selys, 1853

 

 

Neurobasis chinensis (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

 

Family: Chlorocyphidae Cowley, 1937

 

Genus: Aristocypha Laidlaw, 1950

 

 

Aristocypha quadrimaculata (Selys, 1853)

 

 

Aristocypha trifasciata (Selys, 1853)

 

Genus: Libellago Selys, 1840

 

 

Libellago lineata (Burmeister, 1839)

 

Genus: Heliocypha Fraser, 1949

 

 

Heliocypha biforata (Selys, 1859)

 

Genus: Paracypha Fraser, 1949

 

 

Paracypha unimaculata Selys, 1853

 

Family: Euphaeidae Yakobson & Bianchi, 1905

Genus: Anisopleura Selys, 1853

 

 

Anisopleura comes Hagen, 1880

 

 

Anisopleura lestoides Selys, 1853

 

Genus: Bayadera Selys, 1853

 

 

Bayadera indica (Selys, 1853)

 

Superfamily: Coenagrionoidea Kirby, 1890

Family: Coenagrionidae Kirby, 1890

Genus: Agriocnemis Selys, 1877

 

Agriocnemis clauseni Fraser, 1922

 

 

Agriocnemis corbeti Kumar & Prasad, 1978

Endemic to India

 

Agriocnemis pygmaea (Rambur, 1842)

 

Genus: Amphiallagma Kennedy, 1920

 

 

Amphiallagma parvum (Selys, 1876)

 

Genus: Ceriagrion Selys, 1876

 

 

Ceriagrion cerinorubellum (Brauer, 1865)

 

 

Ceriagrion coromandelianum (Fabricius, 1798)

 

 

Ceriagrion fallax Ris, 1914

 

Genus: Ischnura Charpentier, 1840

 

 

Ischnura rubilio Selys, 1876

 

 

Ischnura forcipata Morton, 1908

 

 

Ischnura nursei Morton, 1907

 

 

Ischnura senegalensis Rambur, 1842

 

Genus: Paracercion Weekers & Dumont, 2004

 

 

Paracercion calamorum (Ris, 1916)

 

Genus: Pseudagrion Selys, 1876

 

 

Pseudagrion rubriceps rubriceps Selys, 1876

 

 

Pseudagrion decorum (Rambur, 1842)

 

 

Pseudagrion laidlawi Fraser, 1922

 

 

Pseudagrion spencei Fraser, 1922

 

Family: Platycnemididae Yakobson & Bianchi, 1905

Genus: Calicnemia Strand, 1928

 

 

Calicnemia doonensis doonensi Sangal & Tyagi, 1984

Endemic to India

 

Calicnemia eximia Selys, 1863

 

 

Calicnemia miles (Laidlaw, 1917)

 

Genus: Copera Kirby, 1890

 

 

Copera marginipes (Rambur, 1842)

 

Genus: Elattoneura Cowley, 1935

 

 

Elattoneura campioni campioni (Fraser, 1922)

 

Genus: Prodasineura Cowley, 1934

 

 

Prodasineura autumnalis (Fraser, 1922)

 

Superfamily: Lestoidea Calvert, 1901

Family: Lestidae Calvert, 1901

Genus: Indolestes Fraser, 1922

 

 

Indolestes cyaneus (Selys, 1862)

 

Genus: Lestes Leach in Brewster, 1815

 

 

Lestes concinnus Hagen in Selys, 1862

 

 

Lestes praemorsus decipiens Kirby, 1893

 

 

Lestes viridulus Rambur, 1842

 

Family: Synlestidae Tillyard, 1917

Genus: Megalestes Selys, 1862

 

 

Megalestes major Selys, 1862

 

Superfamily: Platystictoidea Kennedy, 1920

Family: Platystictidae Kennedy, 1920

Genus: Drepanosticta Laidlaw, 1917

 

 

Drepanosticta carmichaeli (Laidlaw, 1915)

 

 

 

For figures - - click here

 

 

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