A survey of ethno-medicinally important tree species in Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary, central India

Main Article Content

Tinku Kumar
Akash Kumar
Amit Jugnu Bishwas
Pramod Kumar Khare


The study was carried out in Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary, central India. The forest is classified as a tropical dry deciduous type, with teak Tectona grandis as the predominant species. Extensive field trips were carried out during 2018–2020 to document the medicinally important tree species. The medicinal importance of these plants was recorded through interviews, group discussions with local tribal communities and on the basis of the literature available. Enumeration of tree species in this area showed occurrence of 50 tree species belonging to 37 genera and 21 families. The study further observed that several species were being used as traditional medicine by the local tribal folks, traditional healers in the study area, and also by pharmaceutical industries.  The study observed that some species in the sanctuary were rare due to several developmental projects, forest destruction, and over-exploitation. The study provides details about the botanical identity, family, local name, plant parts utilised and uses for treatment of diseases. The present paper identified the tree species for their conservation status and accordingly recommends the priority for their conservation in the study area. We recommend that tree species documentation might be helpful for drug formulation and the preservation of traditional knowledge.

Article Details



Al-Qura’n, S. (2005). Ethnobotanical survey of folk toxic plants in southern part of Jordan. Toxicon 46(2): 119–129.

Bargali, S., K. Bargali, L. Singh, L. Ghosh & M. Lakhera (2009). Acacia nilotica-based traditional agroforestry system: effect on paddy crop and management. Current Science 96(4): 581–587.

Bargali, S. & S. Shrivastava (2002). Exploration of valuable medicinal vegetal wealth from the tribal belt of Bastar district in Chhattisgarh. The Botanica 52: 75–82.

Cragg, G.M. & D.J. Newman (2013). Natural products: a continuing source of novel drug leads. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-General Subjects 1830(6): 3670–3695.

Ducusin, M. (2017). Ethnomedicinal knowledge of plants among the indigenous peoples of santol, La Union, Philippines. Electronic Journal of Biology 13(4): 360–382.

Gruyal, G.A., R. del Roasario & N.D. Palmes (2014). Ethnomedicinal plants used by residents in Northern Surigao del Sur, Philippines. Natural Products Chemistry & Research 2(4): 1–5.

Gupta, S.K. (2001). Pharmacology and Therapeutics in the New Millennium. Springer Science & Business Media, 772 pp.

Gwalwanshi, D.R. & A.J. Bishwas (2016). Some unique traditional knowledge (ethno medicine) of ethnic healers of Balaghat District, Madhya Pradesh Madhya Bharti Journal of Science 60(1): 01–05.

Hanazaki, N., J.Y. Tamashiro, H.F. Leitão-Filho & A. Begossi (2000). Diversity of plant uses in two Caiçara communities from the Atlantic Forest coast, Brazil. Biodiversity & Conservation 9(5): 597–615.

IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. http://www.iucnredlist.org.

Jain, A.K., V.V. Wagh & C. Kadel (2011). Some ethnomedicinal plant species of Jhabua district, Madhya Pradesh. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 10(3): 538–540.

Khanna, K.K., P.C. Dubey, A.P. Tiwari & R.L.S. Sikarwar (2021). Studies on Threat Status of Tree species of Madhya Pradesh, India. Indian Forester 147(2): 137–140.

Lawal, I., N. Uzokwe, A. Igboanugo, A. Adio, E. Awosan, J. Nwogwugwu, A. Adesoga (2010). Ethno medicinal information on collation and identification of some medicinal plants in Research Institutes of South-west Nigeria. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4(1): 001–007.

Mudgal, V., K. Khanna & P. Hajra (1997). Flora of Madhya Pradesh. Vol, II, Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, 676 pp.

Ogunkunle, T.J., A. Adewumi & A.O. Adepoju (2019). Biodiversity: overexploited but underutilized natural resoursce for human existence and economic development. Envoironment & Ecosystem Science 3(1): 26–34.

Prescott‐Allen, R. & C. Prescott‐Allen (1990). How many plants feed the world? Conservation Biology 4(4): 365–374.

Pörtner, H.O., D.C. Roberts, H. Adams, C. Adler, P. Aldunce, E. Ali & Z.Z. Ibrahim (2022). Climate change 2022: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. IPCC.

Samant, S.S., U. Dhar & L.M.S. Palni (1998). Medicinal Plants of Indian Himalaya: Gyanodaya Prakashan, 46 pp.

Schippmann, U., D.J. Leaman & A. Cunningham (2002). Impact of cultivation and gathering of medicinal plants on biodiversity: global trends and issues. Biodiversity and the ecosystem approach in agriculture, forestry and fisheries, 21 pp.

Seth, S. & B. Sharma (2004). Medicinal plants in India. Indian Journal of Medical Research 120(1): 9.

Singh, N., K. Khanna, V. Mudgal & R. Dixit (2001). Flora of Madhya Pradesh Volume–III. Botanical Survey of India, 587 pp.

Swamy, S., C. Dutt, M. Murthy, A. Mishra & S. Bargali (2010). Floristics and dry matter dynamics of tropical wet evergreen forests of Western Ghats, India. Current Science 99(3): 353–364.

Tilburt, J.C. & T.J. Kaptchuk (2008). Herbal medicine research and global health: an ethical analysis. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 86: 594–599.

Vattakaven T, R. George, D. Balasubramanian, M. Rejou-Mechain, G. Muthusankar, B. Ramesh & R. Prabhakar (2016). India Biodivesity Portal: An integrated, interactive and participatory biodiversity informatics platform. Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e10279: 1–15. http://doi.org/10.3897/BD.4.e10279

Verma, D., N.P. Balakrishnan & R.D. Dixit (1993). Flora of Madhya Pradesh Volume-I. Botanical Survey of India, 662 pp.