Back after 40 years: a rare sighting of Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Aves: Passeriformes: Fringillidae) in Himachal Pradesh, India

Main Article Content

Paul Pop
Kuldeep Singh Barwal
Puneet Pandey
Harminder Pal Singh
Randeep Singh


We report a rare sighting of Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Himachal Pradesh, a re-sighting after 40 years, and only the second record for the state. In November 2021, a male S. spinus was briefly seen in Gushaini, in the ecozone of the Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area, Kullu district. The two low elevation records from 2021 strongly contrast previous records from India. This paper expands upon the sparse information available on the migration of this species within India.

Article Details


Funding data


Arnaiz-Villena, A., P. Gomez-Prieto & V. Ruiz-del-Valle (2009). Phylogeography of finches and sparrows, pp. 1–54. In: Rechi, L.J. (ed.): Animal Genetics. Nova Science Publishers, New York, 284 pp.

Clement, P. (2020). Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus), version 1.0. In: del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D.A. Christie & E. de Juana (eds.). Birds of the World. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. Electronic version accessed 16 November 2021.

Gaston, A.J. & S. Chattopadhyay (1981). Siskin (Carduelis spinus) in Solang Nalla, Himachal Pradesh. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 78(1): 386–387.

Grimmett, R., C. Inskipp & T. Inskipp (2011). Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Christopher Helm, London, 556 pp.

Kanerva, A-M., T. Hokkanen, A. Lehikoinen, K. Norrdahl & J. Suhonen (2020). The impact of tree crops and temperature on the timing of frugivorous bird migration. Oecologia 193: 1021–1026.

Roy, U.S., A. Pal, P. Banerjee & S.K. Mukhopadhyay (2011). Comparison of avifaunal diversity in and around Neora Valley National Park, West Bengal, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(10): 2136–2142.

Senar, J.C., V. Polo, F. Uribe, M. Camerino (2000). Status signalling, metabolic rate and body mass in the siskin: the cost of being a subordinate. Animal Behaviour 59(1): 103–110.