Seasonal composition of avian communities in different habitats of Harike Wetland, a Ramsar site in Punjab, India

Main Article Content

Jagdeep Singh
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4839-6783
Onkar Singh Brraich
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9847-4807

Abstract

The documentation of avifauna of Harike wetland was carried out during November, 2019 to November, 2021 in different habitats and seasons. A total of 225 bird species belonging to 18 orders and 61 families were recorded; 18 fall under the Red List of IUCN, with 11 categorized as Near Threatened, six vulnerable, and one Endangered. Order Passeriformes had the greatest number of species, and mosaic habitats with diverse vegetation showed the highest bird diversity. This study will aid future conservation measures and wetland management programs.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Singh, J. and Onkar Singh Brraich 2022. Seasonal composition of avian communities in different habitats of Harike Wetland, a Ramsar site in Punjab, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 14, 2 (Feb. 2022), 20550–20565. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.7581.14.2.20550-20565.
Section
Communications

References

Ali, S. & S.D. Ripley (1983). Compact Edition of Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan. Bombay Natural History Society and Oxford University Press, Bombay, 737 pp.

Ali, S., S.A. Hussain, P.K. Gupta & S. Subramanya (1981). Harike Lake Avifauna Project. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, 104 pp.

Bibby, C.J., N.D. Burgess, D.A. Hill & S. Mustoe (2000). Bird Census Techniques. Academia Press, Belgium, 302 pp

Brown, S., C. Hickey, B. Harrington & R. Gill (eds.) (2001). The U.S. Shorebird Conservation Plan, 2nd edition Vol. 1. Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences, Manomet, 64 pp.

Brraich, O.S. & J. Singh (2021). Avian fauna of village pond of Mote Majra, Punjab, India. Bird-o-soar #71, In: Zoo’s Print 36(2): 33–40.

Buckland, S.T., D.R. Anderson, K.P. Burnham, J.L. Laake, D.L. Borchers &

L. Thomas (2001). Introduction to distance sampling: estimating abundance of biological populations: Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, 448pp.

Burger, J. (1985). Habitat selection in temperate marsh-nesting birds, pp. 253–281. In: Cody, M.L. (ed.). Habitat Selection in Birds. Academic Press, Toronto.

Grewal, B., S. Monga & G. Wright (1995). Birds of the Indian subcontinent. Guidebook Company Limited, Hong Kong.

Grimmett, R. & C. Inskipp (2010). Birds of Northern India. Om Books International, Noida, India, 304 pp.

Grimmett, R., C. Inskipp & T. Inskipp (2012). Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Oxford University Press, Delhi, India, 384 pp.

IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Version 2020-2. Downloaded from http://www.iucnre

dlist.org.

Kalsi, R.S. (1998). Birds of Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary, Haryana, India. Forktail 13(1998): 29–32 .

Kalsi, R.S., S. Sharma & M. Kalsi (2015). Threat status of birds of Yamuna Nagar District, Haryana, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(3): 7024–7028. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o4034.7024-8

Kaur, R. & O.S. Brraich (2021). Abundance and diversity of threatened birds in Nangal Wetland, Punjab, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 13(12): 19733–19742. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4062.13.12.19733-19742

Kazmierczak, K., P. Undeland, D. Allen & R. Singh (1998). Birdwatching areas: Harike Bird Sanctuary, Punjab State, India. Oriental Bird Club Bulletin 27: 42–46.

Kumar, A., J.P. Sati, P.C. Tak & J.R.B. Alfred (2005). Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, India, 500 pp.

Kushlan J.A, M.J. Steinkamp, K.C. Parsons, J. Capp, M.A. Cruz, M. Coulter, I. Davidson, L. Dickson, N. Edelson, R. Elliot, R.M. Erwin, S. Hatch, S. Kress, R. Milko, S. Miller, K. Mills, R. Paul, R. Phillips, J.E. Saliva, B. Sydeman, J. Trapp, J. Wheeler & K. Wohl (2002). Waterbird conservation for the Americas: the North American Waterbird Conservation Plan, version 1. Waterbird Conservation for the Americas, Washington, DC, 78 pp.

Ladhar, S.S. (2002). Status of ecological health of wetlands in Punjab, India. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 5(4): 457–465. https://doi.org/10.1080/14634980290002002

Mabwoga, S.O. & A.K. Thukral (2014). Characterization of change in the Harike wetland, a Ramsar site in India, using landsat satellite data. SpringerPlus 3(1): 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-3-576

Mavi, H.S. & D.S. Tiwana (1993). Geography of Punjab. National Book Trust, India.

McKinnon, J. & K. Philips (1993). A Field Guide to Birds of Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Mitsch, W.J. & J.G. Gosselink (2000). Wetlands 3rd edition. Wiley, New York, 920 pp. https://doi.org/10.1002/rrr.637

Morrison, M.L. (1986). Bird populations as indicators of environmental change, pp. 429–451. In: Johnston, R. (ed.). Current Ornithology - Vol. 3. Springer, Boston, 522 pp. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-6784-4_10

Najar, G.N., A. Bhardwaj & P. Pandey (2017). A spatio‐temporal water quality assessment of the Beas and Sutlej Rivers at the Harike Wetland: A Ramsar site in Punjab, India. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management 22(4): 364–376. http://doi.org/10.1111/lre.12193

Prasad, A. (2008a). Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis at Harike Lake, Punjab, India. Indian BIRDS 4(1): 16–17.

Prasad, A. (2008b). Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus at Harike Lake, Punjab, India. Indian BIRDS 4(1): 25–26.

Praveen, J., R. Jayapal & A. Pittie (2016). A checklist of the birds of India. Indian Birds 11 (5&6): 113–172.

Praveen, J., R. Jayapal & A. Pittie (2020). Taxonomic updates to the checklists of birds of India, and the South Asian region—2020. Indian BIRDS 16(1): 12–19.

Rahmani, A.R., M.Z. Islam & R.M. Kasambe (2016). Important bird and biodiversity areas in India: Priority sites for conservation (Revised and updated). Bombay Natural History Society, Indian Bird Conservation Network, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and BirdLife International (UK), 1992.

Rai, D. & Vanita (2021). Community composition and status of avifaunal diversity in and around Ottu reservoir of Sirsa, Haryana, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science 13(2): 593–606. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v13i2.2666

Robson, C. (1996). India. Oriental Bird Club Bulletin 23: 49–53

Robson, C. (1999). India. Oriental Bird Club Bulletin 29:51–52

Sangha, H.S. (2013). The Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula at Harike: a new record for Punjab. Indian Birds 8(3): 79.

Sangha, H.S. (2017). Status of Northern Long-eared Owl Asio otus at Harike, Punjab, India. Indian Birds 13(3): 81.

Sawant, S. & M. Sudhagar (2013). Notes on the newly discovered population of Sind Jerdon’s Babbler Chrysomma altirostre sindicum in Harike Wildlife Sanctuary, Punjab, India. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 110(3): 187–192.

Singh, J. & O.S. Brraich (2021). Photographic record of Horned Grebe from Harike Bird Sanctuary, Punjab, India. Bird-o-soar #88, In: Zoo’s Print 36(5): 51–52.

Singh, S., A. Bhardwaj & V.K. Verma (2020). Remote sensing and GIS based analysis of temporal land use/land cover and water quality changes in Harike wetland ecosystem, Punjab, India. Journal of environmental Management 262: 110355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110355

Sinha, N.K. (1997). An account of mammals of Harike Lake, Punjab. Cheetal 36(1–2): 46–54.

Subramanya, S. (1996). Distribution, status and conservation of Indian heronries. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 93(3): 459–486.

Tavernia, B.G., J.E. Lyons, B.W. Loges, A. Wilson, J.A. Collazo & M.C. Runge (2016). An evaluation of rapid methods for monitoring vegetation characteristics of wetland bird habitat. Wetlands Ecology and Management 24(5): 495–505. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-015-9476-5

Torre-Cuadros M.D.L.A.L., S. Herrando-Perez & K.R. Young (2007). Diversity and structure patterns for tropical montane and premontane forests of central Peru, with an assessment of the use of higher-taxon surrogacy. Biodiversity Conservation 16: 2965–2988. https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs10531-007-9155-9

Tu, H.M., M.W. Fan & J.C.J. Ko (2020). Different habitat types affect bird richness and evenness. Scientific Reports 10(1): 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-58202-4s