Seasonal composition of avian communities in different habitats of Harike Wetland, a Ramsar site in Punjab, India

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Jagdeep Singh
Onkar Singh Brraich


The documentation of avifauna of Harike wetland was carried out during November, 2019 to November, 2021 in different habitats and seasons. A total of 225 bird species belonging to 18 orders and 61 families were recorded; 18 fall under the Red List of IUCN, with 11 categorized as Near Threatened, six vulnerable, and one Endangered. Order Passeriformes had the greatest number of species, and mosaic habitats with diverse vegetation showed the highest bird diversity. This study will aid future conservation measures and wetland management programs.

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Singh, J. and Onkar Singh Brraich 2022. Seasonal composition of avian communities in different habitats of Harike Wetland, a Ramsar site in Punjab, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 14, 2 (Feb. 2022), 20550–20565. DOI:


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