New host plant records of Fig Wax Scale Ceroplastes rusci (Linnaeus, 1758) (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Coccidae) from India

Main Article Content

Arvind Kumar
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3218-7319
Renu Pandey

Abstract

A survey for the host plants of Fig Wax Scale Ceroplastes rusci (Linnaeus, 1758) was conducted in the Uttarakhand province, India. Among the six new host plants recorded during the study, four are new host records of C. rusci. A global check list of host plants of C. rusci was also prepared. 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Arvind Kumar and Renu Pandey 2022. New host plant records of Fig Wax Scale Ceroplastes rusci (Linnaeus, 1758) (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Coccidae) from India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 14, 2 (Feb. 2022), 20606–20614. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.7419.14.2.20606-20614.
Section
Communications

References

Argyriou, L.C. & A.P. Santorini (1980). On the phenology of Ceroplastes rusci L. (Hom.Coccidae) on fig-trees in Greece. Mededlingen van de Rijksfaculteit Land bouwwetenschappente Gent 45: 593–601.

Argyriou, L.C. & P.A. Mourikis (1981). Current status of citrus pests in Greece. Proceedings of the International Society of Citriculture. 2: 623–627.

Aziz, S.A.A.M.S. (1977). Phytophagous and entomophagous insects and mites of Iraq. Publication, University of Baghdad, Natural History Research Center 33: 1–142.

Balachowsky, A.S. & L. Mesnil (1935). Les insect esnuisibles aux Plantes Cultivées. Leursmoeurs; Leurdestruction. Ministère de l’Agriculture, Paris, 1,137 pp.

Balachowsky, A.S. (1927). Contribution à l’étude des coccides de l’Afriquemineure (1re note). Annales de la SociétéEntomologique de France 96: 175–207.

Balachowsky, A.S. (1931). Contribution à l’étude des coccides de France (5e note). Faune de Corse. Bulletin de la SociétéEntomologique de France 96–102.

Balachowsky, A.S. (1939). Les cochenilles de Madère (secondepartie). II. Lecaniinae - Eriococcinae - Dactylopinae - Ortheziinae - Margarodidae. Revue de PathologieVégétaleetd’ EntomologieAgricole de France 25: 255–272.

Ben-Dov, Y. (1993). A Systematic Catalogue of the Soft Scale Insects of the World. Sandhill Crane Press, Inc., Gainesville, FL. Flora and Fauna Handbook No. 9, 536 pp.

Ben-Dov, Y. (1970). The wax scales of the genus Ceroplastes Gray (Homoptera: Coccidae) and their parasites in Israel. Israel Journal of Entomology 5: 83–92.

Ben-Dov, Y. (2012). The scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of Israel—checklist, host plants, zoogeographical considerations and annotations on species. Israel Journal of Entomology 41–42: 21–48.

Bodenheimer, F.S. (1924). The Coccidae of Palestine. First report on this family. Zionist Organization Institute of Agriculture and Natural History, Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 1: 1–100.

Bodenheimer, F.S. (1926). Première note sur les cochenilles de Syrie. [First note on the scale insects of Syria]. Bulletin de la SociétéEntomologique de France 1926: 41–47.

Bodenheimer, F.S. (1928). EinekleineCocciden-AusbeuteausGriechenland. (A small Cocciden yield from Greece). Konowia 7: 191–192.

Bodkin, G.E. (1927). The fig wax-scale (Ceroplastesrusci L.) in Palestine. Bulletin of Entomological Research 17: 259–263.

Borg, J. (1932). Scale Insects of the Maltese Islands. Malta, Govt. Printing Office Malta 20 pp.

Brain, C.K. (1920). The Coccidae of South Africa - V. Bulletin of Entomological Research 11: 1–41.

Carnero, H.A. & G.G. Pérez (1986). Coccidos (Homoptera: Coccoidea) de las Islas Canarias. [Coccids of the Canary Islands.]. Communicaciones Instituto Nacional de InvestigacionesAgrarias, Serie: Protección Vegetal. Madrid 25: 1–85.

Chua, T.H. (1997). Coconut, pp. 393–394. In: Ben-Dov, Y. & C.J. Hodgson (eds.). Soft Scale Insects – Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. 7B, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam.

De- Lotto, G. (1978). The soft scales (Homoptera: Coccidae) of South Africa, III. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 41: 135–147.

Del-Guercio, G. (1906). Le coccinigliedegliagrumi. (Scale insects of citrus.) (In Italian). Bollettino Ufficialedel Ministero Industriale e Commerciale (Roma) Anno V, 3: 257–269.

Gimpel, W.F., D.R. Miller & J.A. Davidson (1974). A systematic revision of the wax scales genus Ceroplastes in the United States (Homoptera: Coccidae). College Park, Maryland : Agrìcultural Experiment Station. University of Maryland. Miscellaneous Pubìication 841, 85 pp

Gómez, M. (1946). Adiciones a los “Cóccidos de España” (1a nota). EOS, 22: 59–106.

Gómez, M. (1958). Cochinilla squeatacan a losfrutales (Homoptera, Coccoidea: II. Familias Lecanidae y Margarodidae). Boletín de Patología Vegetal y EntomologíaAgrícola. Madrid 23: 43–173.

Green, E.E. (1917). Observations on British Coccidae: With descriptions of new species. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 53: 201–269.

Hall, W.J. (1922). Observations on the Coccidae of Egypt. Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt, Technical and Scientific Service 22: 1–54.

Hall, W.J. (1923). Further observations on the Coccidae of Egypt. Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt, Technical and Scientific Service 36: 1–61.

Hall, W.J. (1924). The insect pests of citrus trees in Egypt. Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt, Technical and Scientific Service 45: 1–29.

Hall, W.J. (1931). Observations on the Coccidae of southern Rhodesia. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 79: 285–303.

Hamon, A.B. & G.J. Mason (2017). Fig Wax Scale, Ceroplastes rusci (Linnaeus) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Coccidae). Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN34400.pdf

Hodges, A.C., G.S. Hodges & G. Wisler (2005). Exotic scale insects (Hemiptera: Cocoidea) and whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Florida’stropical fruits: An examples of the vital role of early detection in pest prevention and management. Proc. Flo. State. Hort. Soc. 118: 215–217.

Hodgson, C.J. (1969). Notes on Rhodesian Coccidae (Homoptera: Coccoidea): Part II: The genera Ceroplastes and Gascardia. Arnoldia (Rhodesia) 4: 1–43.

Hodgson, C.J. (1994). The scale insect family Coccidae: an identification manual to genera. CAB International Wallingford, Oxon, UK, 639 pp.

Hodgson, J.C. & A.L.B.G. Peronti (2012). A revision of the wax scale insects (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea: Ceroplastinae) of the Afrotropical Region. Zootaxa 3372: 1–265. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3372.1.1

Khasawinah, A.M.A. & A.S. Talhouk (1964). The fig wax scale, Ceroplastesrusci (Linn.). Zeitschrift fur AngewandteEntomologie 53: 113–151.

Kozár, F. & J.C. Franco (1995). Some new data to the scale insect fauna (Homoptera: Coccoidea) from Continental Portugal. Folia EntomologicaHungarica 56: 69–74.

Kozár, F., S.S. Paloukis & N. Papadopoulos (1991). New scale insects (Homoptera: Coccoidea) in the Greek entomofauna. Entomologia Hellenica 9: 63–68.

Kumar, A. (2013). Fig wax scale, Ceroplastes rusci an emerging pest of Dalbergia sissoo and its parasitisation in India. Current Science. 8(E): 106–114.

La Notte, P., N. Buzkan, E. Choueiri, A. Minafra & G.P. Martelli (1997). Acquisition and transmission of grapevine virus A by the mealy bug Pseudococcus longispinus. Journal of Plant Pathology 78: 79–85.

Lincango, M.P., J.C. Hodgson, Causton & D.R. Miller (2010). An updated checklist of scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. Galapagos Research 67: 3–7.

Malumphy, C. (2010). The status of wax scales (Hemiptera: Coccidae: Ceroplastinae) in Britain. Entomologists Monthly Magazine 146: 105–112.

Malumphy, C. & H.P.P.P. Anderson (2011). Rapid Assessment of the need for a detailed pest risk analysis for Ceroplastes rusci Takahashi. https://secure.fera.defra.gov.uk/phiw/risk Register/downloadExternalPra.cfm?id=3847

Marotta, S, (1987). Coccidi (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Coccidae) segnalati in Italia, con riferimenti bibliographic isullatassonomia, geonemia, biologia epianteospiti. Bollettinodel Laboratorio di Entomologia Agr Filippo Silvestri 44: 97–119.

Mifsud, M., A. Falzon, C. Malumphy, D. de-Lillo Vovlas, N. & N. Porcelli (2012). On some arthropods associated with Ficus species (Moraceae) in the Maltese Islands. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of Malta 5: 5–34.

Morals, G.M., B.D. Denno, D.R. Miller, G.L. Miller, Y.Ben-Dov, & N.B. Hardy (2016). ScaleNet: A literature-based model of scale insect biology and systematics. Database. https://doi.org/10.1093/database/bav118

Morsi, G. & S. Mousa (2003). Seasonal abundance of the fig wax scale Ceroplastes rusci L. and its parasitoides in middle Egypt. Plant Protection Institute Agriculture Research Centre Giza Egypt, 10 pp.

Mustafa-Al-Antary, T. & A. Al-Momany (1990). Pests of garden and home. Al-Dar Al-Arabiah for Publications, Cairo, 350 pp.

Mustafa-Al-Antary, T. & N. Sharaf (1994). Insects of fruit trees, woody trees and ornamentals. Dar Hunain for Publication, Amman, 460 pp.

Nakahara, S. (1983). List of the Coccoidea species (Homoptera) of the United States Virgin Islands.United States Department of Agriculture, Plant Protection and Quarantine. Aphis 8142: 1–21.

Pelizzari, G. & P. Camporese (1994). The Ceroplastes species (Homoptera: Coccoidea) of the Mediterranean basin with emphasis on C. japonicus Green. Annales de Société Entomologique France (N.S.) 30: 175–192.

Pierce, W.D. (1917). A Manual of Dangerous Insects Likely to be introduced in the United States through importations. United States. Bureau of Entomology. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Qin, T.K., P.J. Gullan & G.A.C. Beattie (1994). The current distribution and geographical origin of the scale insect pest Ceroplastes sinensis DelGuercio (Hemiptera: Coccidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 84: 541–549.

Qin, T.K., P.J. Gullan & G.A.C. Beattie (1998). Biogeography of the wax scales (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coccidae: Ceroplastinae). Journal of Biogeography 25: 37–45. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2699.1998.251178.x

Silvestri, F. & G. Martelli (1908). La Coccinigliadel Fico (Ceroplastes rusci L.). BollettinodelLaboratorio di ZoologiaGeneraleAgraria 2: 297–358.

Talhouk, A.M.S. (1969). Insect and mite injurious to crops in the middle eastern countries. Monog. Angew. Entomol 21: 1–239.

Talhouk, A.M.S. (1975). Citrus Pests Throughout the World.Ciba-Geigy Agrochemicals, Basel, Switzerland. Technical Monograph No. 4. Ciba-Geigy Agrochemicals, Basel, 21 pp.

Ülgentürk, S. & Ö. Dokuyucu (2019). Pest species of Coccoidea (Hemiptera; Coccomorpha) in forest of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Forestry 20(4): 482-491.

Vu, N.T., R. Eastwood, C.T. Nguyen & L.V. Pham (2006). The fig wax scale Ceroplastes rusci (Linnaeus) (Homoptera: Coccidae) in south-east Vietnam: Pest status, life history and biocontrol trials with Eublemma amabilis Moore (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Entomological Research 36: 196–201.

Waterhouse, D.F. & D.P.A. Sands (2001). Classical Biological Control of Arthropods in Australia. ACAIR Monograph No. 77. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Williams, D.J. & G.W. Watson (1990). The scale insects of the Tropical South Pacific Region. Part III. The Soft Scales and other Families. CAB International, Wallingford, 267 pp.

Williams, D.J. & F.D. Matile (2009). Scale insects of Aldabra [Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Coccoidea]. Revue Françaised’ Entomologie 31: 117–120.

Wu, S.A., & X. Wang (2019). A review species of the genus Ceroplastes (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Coccidae) in China. Zootaxa 4701(6): 520–536. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4701.6.2