A new record of psychrotrophic Paecilomyces formosus (Eurotiales: Ascomycota) from India: morphological and molecular characterization

Main Article Content

Skarma Nonzom
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9372-7900
Geeta Sumbali
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3893-3482

Abstract

A filamentous fungus Paecilomyces formosus (Eurotiales, Ascomycota) was detected for the first time from the region while surveying fungal diversity of a cold arid high-altitude pass (4,000 msl) located in Kargil district (Ladakh), India. The fungal isolate was characterized morphologically with camera lucida drawings and microphotographs, and identified using internal transcribed spacer (ITS) ribosomal DNA sequences. P. formosus has not been reported from India, or from arid/semi-arid/cold regions before, thus this represents a new record of Indian hot/cold desert mycoflora that is psychrotrophic in contrast to the more common thermophilic fungi.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Nonzom, S. and Sumbali, G. 2021. A new record of psychrotrophic Paecilomyces formosus (Eurotiales: Ascomycota) from India: morphological and molecular characterization. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 13, 13 (Nov. 2021), 20118–20123. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.6967.13.13.20118-20123.
Section
Short Communications

References

Bainier, G. (1907). Mycotheque de lecole de pharmacie XL Paecilomyces genre nouveau de mucedinees. Bulletin Trimestrielle De La Societe De Mycology Francaise 23: 26–27.

Boratyn, G.M., C. Camacho, P.S. Cooper, G. Coulouris, A, Fong, N. Ma, T.L. Madden, W.T. Matten, S.D. McGinnis, Y. Merezhuk, Y. Raytselis, E.W. Sayers, T. Tao, J. Ye & I. Zaretskaya (2013). BLAST- a more efficient report with usability improvements. Nucleic Acids Research 41: 29–33.

Brown, A.H.S & G. Smith (1957). The genus Paecilomyces Bainier and its perfect stage Byssochlamys Westling. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 40: 1789.

Heidarian, R., K. Fotouhifar, A.J.M. Debets & D.K. Aanen (2018). Phylogeny of Paecilomyces, the causal agent of pistachio and some other trees dieback disease in Iran. Plos One 13: 1–14.

Houbraken, J., R.A. Samson & J.C. Frisvad (2006). Byssochlamys: significance of heat resistance and mycotoxin production. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 571: 211–224.

Houbraken, J., P.E. Verweij, A.J.M.M. Rijis, A.M. Borman & R.A. Samson (2010). Identification of Paecilomyces variotii in clinical samples and settings. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 48: 2754–2761.

Kotwal, S. & G. Sumbali (2011). Incidence of myco-keratinophiles in cold arid soil at high altitude Khardung village of Ladakh, India. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology 41: 72–76.

Luangsa-ard, J.J & N.L. Hywel-Jones (2004). The polyphasic nature of Paecilomyces sensu lato based on 18Sgenerated rDNA phylogeny. Mycologia 96: 773–780.

Nonzom, S. & G. Sumbali (2019). New record of Geosmithia rufescens from a high altitude pass in the trans-Himalayan region. Austrian Journal of Mycology 27: 1–4.

Sabernasab, M., S. Jamali, A. Marefat & S. Abbasi (2019). Molecular and Pathogenic Characteristics of Paecilomyces formosus, a new causal agent of oak tree dieback in Iran forest. Science 1–8.

Sagar, A., S. Raghwa, Bhallan & T.N. Lakhanpal (2007). Studies on the mycoflora of cold desert area of Himachal Pradesh. Indian Phytopatholgy 60: 35–41.

Sambrook, J., E.F. Fritsch & T. Maniatis (1989). Molecular Cloning A Laboratory Manual. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York, 1626 pp.

Samson, R.A (1974). Paecilomyces and some allied Hyphomycetes. Studies in Mycology 6: 1–119.

Samson, R.A., J. Houbraken, J. Varga & J.C. Frisvad (2009). Polyphasic taxonomy of the heat resistant ascomycete genus Byssochlamys and its Paecilomyces anamorphs. Persoonia 22: 14–27.

Taylor, J.W., D.J. Jacobson, S. Kroke, T. Kasuga, D.M. Geiser, D.S. Hibbett & M.C. Fisher (2000). Phylogenetic species recognition and species concepts in fungi. Fungal Genetics and Biology 31: 21–32.

White,T.J., T. Bruns, S. Lee & J. Taylor (1990). Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics, pp. 315–322. In: Innis, M.A., D.H. Gelfand & J.J. Sninsky (eds.). PCR Protocols: A Guide to Methods and Applications. Academic Press, Inc, San Diego, CA. USA.