Reptilian assemblages in the wetlands of Amboli hill complex, northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India during the monsoon season

Main Article Content

Sachinkumar R. Patil
Kiran Choudaj


We studied the reptilian diversity in and around five man-made wetlands in Amboli hill complex of the northern Western Ghats, in the monsoon seasons from 2011 to 2015. During the study we recorded 37 reptile species: 26 snakes, 10 lizards, and one turtle. Several endemic, range-restricted and newly-described species were recorded. We recorded the Indian Black Turtle Melanochelys trijuga, which is under ‘Near Threatened’ category of IUCN Red List 2020. We observed the greatest species richness at Gavase and Dhangarmola wetlands, followed by Khanapur, Yarandol, and Ningudage.

Article Details

How to Cite
Patil, S.R. and Kiran Choudaj 2022. Reptilian assemblages in the wetlands of Amboli hill complex, northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India during the monsoon season. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 14, 2 (Feb. 2022), 20576–20583. DOI:


: 189–238.

Deepak, V., S. Narayanan, P.P. Mohapatra, S.K. Dutta, G.M. Selvan, A. Khan, K. Mahlow & F. Tillack (2021). Revealing two centuries of confusion: new insights on nomenclature and systematic position of Argyrogena fasciolata (Shaw, 1802) (auctt.), with description of a new species from India (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae). Vertebrate Zoology 71: 253–316.

Eekhout, X. (2010). Samling Amphibians and Reptiles, pp 530-557. In: Eyman, J., J. Dagreef, C. Hauser, J.C. Monje, Y. Samyn & D. Vanden (eds.). Manual on field recording techniques and protocols for all taxa biodiversity inventories and monitoring. Abc Taxa, 653 pp.

Florina, S., B. Elena, S. Paul, S. Diana, R. Laurentiu & D. Cogalniceanu (2015).The impact of dam construction on amphibians and reptiles. Study case – Iron Gates I. Analele Științifice ale Universității „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” din Iași, s. Biologie animală. LXI. 19–24.

Ganesh, S.R., S.R. Chandramouli, S. Rachakonda & P. Gowrishankar (2013). Reptiles of the Central Western Ghats, India — a reappraisal and revised checklist, with emphasis on the Agumbe plateau. Russian Journal of Herpetology 20: 181–189.

Ganesh, S.R., N.S. Achyuthan, S.R. Chandramouli & G. Vogel (2020). Taxonomic revision of the Boiga ceylonensis group (Serpentes: Colubridae): re-examination of type specimens, redefinition of nominate taxa and an updated key. Zootaxa 4779(3): 301–322.

Ganesh, S.R., A. K. Mallik, N.S. Achyuthan, K. Shanker & G. Vogel (2021). A new species of Boiga (Serpentes: Colubridae) from the Southern Western Ghats of India with a molecular phylogeny and expanded characterisation of related species. Zootaxa 4981(3): 449–468.

Giri, V.B., V. Deepak, A. Captain, A. Das, S. Das, K. P. Rajkumar, R. L. Rathish & D. Gower (2017). A new species of Rhabdops Boulenger, 1893 (Serpentes: Natricinae) from the northern Western Ghats region of India. Zootaxa 4319(1): 27–52.

Gowande, G., S. Pal, D. Jablonski, R. Masroor, P.U. Phansalkar, P.M. Dsouza, A. Jayarajan & K. Shanker (2021). Molecular phylogenetics and taxonomic reassessment of the widespread agamid lizard Calotes versicolor (Daudin, 1802)(Squamata, Agamidae) across South Asia. Vertebrate Zoology 71: 669-696.

Gower, D.J., V. B. Giri, A. Captain & M. Wilkinson (2016). A reassessment of Melanophidium Günther, 1864 (Squamata: Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from the Western Ghats of peninsular India, with description of a new species. Zootaxa 4085(4): 481–503.

Griffin, M. & A. Channing (1991). Wetland associated reptiles and amphibians of Namibia-a national review. In: (Simmons, R.E., C.J. Brown & M. Griffin (eds.). The Status and Conservation of Wetlands in Namibia, Madoqua 17: 221–225.

Hammer, O., D.A.T. Harper & P.D. Ryan (2001). PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica 4(1): 1–9.

Khandekar, A., P. Roy & K. Kunte (eds.) (2021). Reptiles of India, v. 1.25. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.

Mallik, A.K., A.N. Srikanthan, S.P. Pal, P.M. D’Souza, K. Shanker & S.R. Ganesh (2020). Disentangling vines: a study of morphological crypsis and genetic divergence in vine snakes (Squamata: Colubridae: Ahaetulla) with the description of five new species from Peninsular India. Zootaxa 4874(1): 1–62.

Mallik, A.K., A.N. Srikanthan, S.R. Ganesh, S.P. Vijayakumar, P.D. Campbell, A. Malhotra & K. Shanker (2021). Resolving pitfalls in pit viper systematics–a multi-criteria approach to species delimitation in pit vipers (Reptilia, Viperidae, Craspedocephalus) of Peninsular India reveals cryptic diversity. Vertebrate Zoology 71: 577–619.

Martin, L.J. & B.R. Murray (2011). A predictive framework and review of the ecological impacts of exotic plant invasions on reptiles and amphibians. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 86(2): 407–419.

Mohite, S.A., & J.S. Samant (2012). Impact of land use changes on riparian habitats in Panchganga river system. Proceeding of International Conference SWRDM-2012, 203–207pp.

Patel, H., R. Vyas, V. Naik, B. Dudhatra & S.K. Tank (2018). Herpetofauna of the Northern Western Ghats of Gujarat, India. Zoology and Ecology 28: 213–223.

Sayyed A., R.A., Pyron & R. Dileepkumar (2018). Four new species of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, India. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 12(2) [General Section]: 1–29 (e157).

Smith, E.N., H. Ogale, V. Deepak & V.B. Giri (2012). A new species of coralsnake of the genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from the west coast of peninsular India. Zootaxa 3437(1): 51–68.

Vogel, G., & J. Van Rooijen (2011). A new species of Dendrelaphis (Serpentes: Colubridae) from the Western Ghats, India. Taprobanica 3(2): 77–85.

Vyas, R., B.M. Parasharya & J.J. Jani (2012). Herpetofaunal diversity in and around selected man-made wetlands of central and northern Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap 14: 21–26.

Whitaker R. & A. Captain (2008). Snakes of India, The Field Guide. Draco Books, Tamil Nadu, 495 pp.