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We report a new record in Bangladesh of the Smooth-backed Gliding Gecko Gekko lionotum Annandale, 1905, recorded from a biodiversity hotspot area at Bandarban located at the southeastern side of the country. A freshly dead specimen was collected and donated to the Padma Bridge Museum for further identification and display. We confirmed identification by comparing morphometric and meristic characteristics with literature records. Gekko lionotum is distributed in Myanmar and northeast India, but was not recorded previously from Bangladesh. The camouflaging color pattern and cryptic lifestyle of this species, together with and absence of research efforts, likely account for the lack of previous records for this species in Bangladesh territory.
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