Floristic studies on mangrove vegetation of Kanika Island, Bhadrak District, Odisha, India

Main Article Content

P. Poornima
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5530-9836

Abstract

This study pertains to the floristic composition of unexplored mangrove habitats of Kanika Island, Bhadrak District, Odisha, India. Six quadrats each measuring 31.62 x 31.62 m (0.1 ha) were laid at randomly selected sites in the Island between October 2019 and February 2020. Quantitative inventory yielded a total of 12 species across the sampled quadrats. Qualitative floristic inventory of the Island revealed a total of 20 species belonging to 17 genera and 13 families, including four true mangrove species, viz., Avicennia alba, A. marina, A. officinalis, and Lumnitzera littorea were evaluated as ‘Least Concern’ by the IUCN Red List. Out of 20 species, eight species were trees, followed by herbs (8 species), shrubs (3 species), and a climber. The study revealed that four species were true mangroves and 16 species were mangrove associates. Avicennia alba and A. marina were found dominant and have potential for regeneration in the island.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
P. Poornima 2022. Floristic studies on mangrove vegetation of Kanika Island, Bhadrak District, Odisha, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 14, 5 (May 2022), 21068–21075. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.6551.14.5.21068-21075.
Section
Communications

References

Ahmed, E. (1972). Coastal Geomorphology of India. Hindustan Publishers Corporation, New Delhi, Chapter 6, 222 pp.

Alongi, D.M. (2014). Carbon cycling and storage in mangrove forests. The Annual Review of Marine Science 6: 195–219.

Banerjee, L.K. (1984). Vegetation of Bhitarkanika Sanctuary, Odisha State. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 5: 1065–1079.

Banerjee, L.K., A.R.R. Sastry & M.P. Nayar (1989). Mangrove in India, Identification Manual. Botanical Survey of India.

Blasco, F. (1975). The mangroves of India (Translated by K. Thanikaimoni). Travaux de la Section Scientifique et Technique. French Institute of Pondichery 14: 75.

Barik, J. & S. Choudhury (2014). True mangrove species of Sunderbans delta, West Bengal, Eastern India. Check List 10(2): 329–334.

Bouillon, S., A.V. Borges, E. Castañeda-Moya, K. Diele, T. Dittmar, N.C. Duke, E. Kristensen, S.Y. Lee, C. Marchand, J.J. Middelburg, V.H. Rivera-Monroy, T.J. Smith III & R.R. Twilley (2008). Mangrove production and carbon sinks: a revision of global budget estimates. Global Biochemical Cycles 22: 1–12.

Cintron, G. & S.S.Y. Novelli (1984). Methods for studying mangrove structure, pp. xx­–xx. In: Snedaker, S.C. & J.G. Snedaker (eds.). The Mangrove Ecosystems: Research Methods. UNESCO, Paris, 251 pp.

Chave, J., C. Andalo, S. Brown, M.A. Cairns, J.Q. Chambers, D. Eamus, H. folster, F. Fromard, N. Higuchi, T. Kira, J.P. Lescure, B.W. Nelson, H. Ogawa, H. Puig, B. Riera & T. Yamakura (2005). Tree allometry and improved estimation of carbon stocks and balance in tropical forests. Oecologia 145: 87–99.

Chmura, G.L., S.C. Anisfeld, D.R. Cahoon & J.C. Lynch (2003). Global carbon sequestration in tidal, saline wetland soil. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17(4): 12.

Chen, L., X. Zeng, N.F.Y. Tam, W. Lu, Z. Luo, X. Du & J. Wang (2012). Comparing carbon sequestration and stand structure of monoculture and mixed mangrove plantations of Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engl. and Sonneratia apetala Buch.Ham. in southern China. Forest Ecology and Management 284: 222–229.

Choudhri, P.K.R. (1991). Biomass production of mangrove plantation in Sunderbans. West Bengal, (India). A case study. Indian Forester 177: 3–12.

Curtis, J.T. & R.P. McIntosh (1950). The interrelations of certain analytic and synthetic of phytosociological characters. Ecology (31): 434–455.

Ellison, A.M. & E.J. Farnsworth (1993). Seedling survivorship, growth and response to disturbance in Belizean Mangal. American Journal of Botany 80: 1737–1145.

Ellison, A.M. & E.J. Farnsworth (1996). Spatial and temporal variability in growth Rhizophora mangle saplings on coral cays: links with sedimentation rate. Journal of Ecology 84: 717–731.

Ellison, A.M. (2008). Managing mangroves with benthic biodiversity in mind: Moving beyond roving banditry. Journal of Sea Research 59(1–2): 2–15.

Gan, B.K. (1995). A working plan for the Mantang Mangrove Forest Reserve. Fourth Revision. The State Forest Department of Perak Darul Ridzuan, Ipoh, 214 pp.

George, G., P. Krishnan, K.G. Mini, S.S. Salim, P. Ragavan, S.Y. Tenjing, R. Muruganandam, S.K. Dubey, A. Gopalakrishnan, R. Purvaja & R. Ramesh (2017). Structure and regeneration status of mangrove patches along the estuarine and coastal stretches of Kerala, India. Journal of Forest Research 30: 507–518. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11676-018-0600-2

Joshi, H.G. & M. Ghose (2014). Community structure, species diversity and above ground biomass of Sunderban mangrove swamps. Tropical Ecology 55: 283–303.

Kacholi, D.S. (2013). Effects of habitat fragmentation on biodiversity of Uluguru Mountain forests in Morogoro region, Tanzania. Ph.D. Thesis at Georg-August University, Goettingen, Germany.

Kathiresan, K. (1995). Rhizophora annamalayana: a new species of mangroves. Environment and Ecology 13: 240–251.

Kauffman, J.B. & D.C. Donato (2012). Protocols for the measurement, monitoring and reporting of structure, biomass and carbon stocks in mangrove forests. Working Paper 86. Centre for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia, 40 pp.

Krauss, K.W., K.L. McKee, E.L. Catherine, R.C. Donald, S. Neil, R. Ruth & L. Chen (2014). How mangroves forests affect to rising sea level. New Phytolologist 202(1): 19–34.

Malimbwi, R.E., D. Shemweta, E. Zahabu, S.P. Kingazi, J.Z. Katani & D.A. Silayo (2005). Forest inventory for Mvomero district, Morogoro-Tanzania. Foconsult, Unpublished Report 2005.

Mandal, R.N. & R. Bar (2018). Mangroves for Building Resilience to Climate Change. Apple Academic Press Inc., Waretown, USA, 352 pp.

Mishra, P.K., R.R. Sahus & V.P. Upadhyay (2005). Species diversity in Bhitarkanika Mangrove ecosystem in Orissa, India. Lyonia 8(1): 73–87.

Murdiyarso, D., D. Donato, J. B. Kauffman, S. Kurniato, M. Stidham & M. Kanninen (2009). Carbon stage in mangrove and peat land ecosystems in Indonesia. Working Paper 48, Centre for International Forestry Research, Indonesia, 35 pp.

Naskar, K.R. (1993). Plant wealth of the lower Ganga Delta-An Eco-taxanomical approach. Daya Publishing House, New Delhi, India, 820 pp.

Polidoro, B.A., K.E. Carpenter, L. Collins, N.C. Duke, A.M. Ellison, J.C. Ellison, E.J. Farnsworth, E.S. Fernando, K. Kathiresan, N.E. Kodam, S.R. Livingstone, T. Miyagi, G.E. Moore, V.N. Nam, J.E. Ong, J.H. Primavera, S.G. Salmo III, J.C. Sanciangco, S. Sukarjdo, Y. Wang & J.W.H. Yong (2010). The loss of species: Mangrove extinction risk and geographic area of global concern. PloS ONE 5(4): e10095.

Ragavan, P. (2015). Taxonomy of Mangroves of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands with special reference to natural hybrids of genus Rhizophora. PhD Thesis. Pondicherry University.

Ragavan, P., A. Saxena, R.S.C. Jayaraj, P.M. Mohan, K. Ravichandran, S. Saravanan & A. Vijayaraghavan (2016). A review of the mangrove floristics of India. Taiwania 61: 224–242.

Ragavan, R., R. Zhou, W.L. Ng, T.S. Rana, T. Mageswaran, P.M. Mohan & A. Saxena (2017). Natural hybridization in mangroves – an overview. Botanical Journal of Linnean Society 185: 208–224

Saenger, P., P. Ragavan, C.R. Sheue, J. López-Portillo, J.W.H. Yong & T. Mageswaran (2019). Mangrove biogeography of the Indo-Pacific, pp. 379–400. In: Gul, B., B. Boer, M. Ajmal Khan, M. Clusener-Godt & A. Hameed (eds). Sabkha Ecosystems, Tasks for Vegetation Science VI, Springer Nature Switzerland, 538 pp.

Satyanarayana, B., A.V. Raman, F. Dehairs, C. Kalavati & P. Chandramoham (2002). Mangrove floristics and Zonation pattern of Coringa, Kakinada Bay, East Coast of India. Wetlands Ecology and Management 10: 25–39.

Simpson, E.H. (1949). Measurement of diversity. Nature 163: 668.

Singh, V.P., L.P. Mall, A. George & S.M. Pathak (1987). A new record of some mangrove species from Andaman and Nicobar Islands and their distribution. Indian Forester 113: 214–217.

Untawale, A.G. (1987). Country Reports: India, pp. 51–87. In: Umali, R.M., P.M. Zamora, R.R. Gotera, R.S. Jara & A.S. Camecho (eds.). Mangroves of Asia and the pacific: Status and management. Natural Mangrove Committee, Ministry of Natural Resources, Manila, Philippines, 538 pp.

Upadhyay, V.P. & P.K. Mishra (2014). An ecological analysis. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences 80: 647–661.

Venkatanna, P. & G.M.N. Rao (1993). Distribution pattern of the mangroves in the Krishna estuary. Indian Journal of Forestry 16: 48–53.

Woodroffe, C.D. (1998). Studies of a mangrove basin, Tuff Crater, New Zealand. Mangrove biomass and production of detritus. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 20: 265–280.