Legumes of Kerala, India: a checklist

Main Article Content

Anoop P. Balan
S.V. Predeep


A checklist of the legumes of Kerala State is presented.  This exhaustive checklist is an outcome of extensive field surveys, collection, identification and documentation of family Leguminosae carried out across Kerala State during the period 2006–2019.  A total of 448 taxa were recorded under five subfamilies and 115 genera.  The majority of the legumes are herbs and shrubs, the rest being trees and woody climbers.  About 81 taxa are endemic to India, especially confined to the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot, out of which 17 are endemic to  Kerala.  The state is home to two Critically Endangered and six Endangered legumes, facing severe threat of extinction.  Crotalaria is the dominant legume genus in the state with 62 taxa followed by Desmodium and Indigofera.  About 57 genera are represented by single species each.  Legumes are treated according to the latest phylogenetic classification of the Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG).  Updated nomenclature, habit, native countries, voucher specimens, and images of endemic and lesser known legumes found in the state are provided.  Crotalaria multiflora var. kurisumalayana (Sibichen & Nampy) Krishnaraj & N. Mohanan is reduced as a synonym to C. multiflora (Arn.) Benth.

Article Details

Author Biographies

Anoop P. Balan, KSCSTE-Malabar Botanical Garden and Institute For Plant Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala 673014, India.


S.V. Predeep, PG Department of Botany, SVR NSS College, T.P. Puram P.O., Vazhoor, Kottayam, Kerala 686505, India.

Associate Professor, Dept. of Botany


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