Is Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805) (Hymenoptera: Apidae) a new bumblebee for Siberia or an indigenous species?

Main Article Content

Alexandr Byvaltsev
Svyatoslav Knyazev
Anatoly Afinogenov


Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805) is known from Europe, Anatolia, the Caucasus, and to the Urals in Russia.  Two specimens have been collected in the south of western Siberia for the first time.  It is possible that the species is indigenous to Siberia but was not discovered until regular observations were made.  There is also a possibility that this observation results from an expansion of the range of B. pomorum.  We consider the evidence that our study coincided with a range expansion of the bumblebee species B. pomorum and B. sylvarum (Linnaeus,1761) near the end of 20th century.  The distribution and abundance of B. pomorum in Russia and conservation efforts are also discussed.

Article Details

How to Cite
Byvaltsev, A., Knyazev, S. and Afinogenov, A. 2021. Is Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805) (Hymenoptera: Apidae) a new bumblebee for Siberia or an indigenous species?. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 13, 1 (Jan. 2021), 17574–17579. DOI:


Adakhovskiy, D.A. (2012). Plodovyi shmel – Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805), p. 64. In: Baranova, O.G. (ed.). Krasnaya kniga Udmurtskoy Respubliki. Izdanie 2-e [Red Book of the Udmurt Republic. 2nd edition]. Cheboksary, 458pp. [In Russian]

Aleksandrov, V.N., M.V. Melnikov, V.S. Sarychev, M.N. Tsurikov & Yu.E. Shubina (eds.) (2014). Red Book of the Lipetsk region. Vol. 2. Animals. Lipetsk, 484pp. [In Russian]

Alfken, J.D. (1912). Die Bienenfauna von Ostpreußen. Schriften der Physikalisch-ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg 53: 114–182.

Alford, D.V. (1975). Bumblebees. Davis-Poynter, London, 352pp.

Anagnostopoulos, I.Th. (2005). The bumblebee fauna of Greece: an annotated species list including new records for Greece (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini). Linzer biologische Beiträge 37: 1013–1026.

Ananieva S.I. & A.M. Nikolaeva (2011). Plodovyi shmel. Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805). p. 274. In: Ivanchev, V.P. & M.V. Kazakova (eds.). Red Book of the Ryazan region. Ryazan, 626pp. [In Russian]

Anikin, V.V. & G.P. Kondratiev (2006). Shmel stepnoy – Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805). p. 338. In: Belov, V.S., G.V. Shlyakhtin, V.V. Anikin, A.V. Belyachenko, M.A. Berezutskiy, V.A. Boldyrev, M.V. Ermokhin, V.N. Zhigalov, E.V. Zavyalov & V.A. Shashulovskiy (eds.). Red Book of the Saratov region: Fungi. Lichens. Plants. Animals. Saratov, 528pp. [In Russian]

Antokhina, V.A. (ed.) (2017). Red Book of the Kaluga region. Vol. 2. Animals. Kaluga, 406pp. [In Russian]

Artemieva, E.A., A.V. Maslennikova & M.V. Korepova (eds.) (2015). Red Book of the Ulyanovsk region. Moscow, 550pp [In Russian].

Arzanov, Yu.G. (ed.) (2014). Red Book of the Rostov region. Vol. 2. Animals. Rostov-on-Don, 280pp. [In Russian]

Bausov, I.A. (2002). Shmel plodovyi – Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805), p. 31. In: Vlasov, A.A. (ed.). Red Book of the Kursk region. Vol. 1. Rare and threatened species of animals. Tula, 120pp. [In Russian]

Belov, V.S. (ed.). (2019). Red Book of the Orenburg region: Rare and threatened species of animals, plants and fungi. Orenburg, 488pp. [In Russian]

Berezin, M.V. (2011). Shmel plodovyi. Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805), pp. 445–446. In: Samoylov, B.L. & G.V. Morozova (eds.). Red Book of the Moscow City. Moscow, 810pp. [In Russian]

Berezin, M.V., V.B. Beiko & N.V. Berezina (1996). Analysis of the changes of bumblebee populations in Moscow district throughout the last 40 years (Bombus, Apidae, Hymenoptera). Zoologichesky zhurnal 85(2): 212–221. [In Russian]

Byvaltsev, A.M. (2008). Bumblebee (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini) fauna of the forest-steppe and steppe zones of the West Siberian Plain. Euroasian Entomological Journal 7(2): 141–147. [In Russian]

Byvaltsev, A.M. (2009). The communities of bumble bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini) in the city of Novosibirsk and its environs. Contemporary Problems of Ecology 2: 216–223.

Byvaltsev, A.M. (2010). The range of Bombus sylvarum (Linnaeus, 1761) in Western Siberia. Euroasian Entomological Journal 9(3): 506–507. [In Russian]

Byvaltsev, A.M. (2013). The communities of bumblebees (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombini) of the Kulunda Plain of West Siberia, Russia. Euroasian Entomological Journal 12(6): 575–586. [In Russian]

Byvaltsev, A.M., K.A. Belova & A.A. Proskuryakova (2013). Populations and ecology of bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombus) of the Irtysh steppe in early summer. Vestnik Novosibirskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. Seriya: Biologiya, Klinicheskaya meditsina 11(1): 40–46. [In Russian]

Byvaltsev, A.M., K.A. Belova, A.N. Kupianskaya & M.Yu.Proshchalykin (2015). The diversity and abundance of bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombus) in the steppes of Khakassia. A.I. Kurentsov’s Annual Memorial Meetings 26: 264–276. [In Russian]

Byvaltsev, A.M., M.Yu. Proshchalykin, T.V. Levchenko, A.N. Kupianskaya & E.N. Akulov (2016). Bumble bee fauna (Hymenoptera, Apidae: Bombus Latreille) of Krasnoyarsk Territory. A.I. Kurentsov’s Annual Memorial Meetings 27: 137–154. [In Russian]

Dobrolubova, T.V. (2015). Bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini) of the Penza region and the role of the state nature reserve “Privolzhskaya lesostep’” in their protection. University proceedings. Volga region (Natural Sciences. Biology) 2(10): 42–54. [In Russian]

Efremova, Z.A. (1991). Shmeli Povolzhya. Uchebnoe posobie k spetskursu [Bumble Bees of the Volga Basin. A Textbook for Students (Special Course)]. Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical Institute, Ulyanovsk, 92pp. [In Russian]

Ganzha, E.A. & R.N. Ishin (2012). Plodovyi shmel. Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805). p. 166. In Petrova, N.P., G.A. Lada, A.S. Sokolov, E.A. Ganzha & A.Yu. Okolelov (eds). Red Book of the Tambov region: Animals. Tambov, 352pp. [In Russian]

Goloshchapova, S.S. & I.L. Prokofiev (2016). Shmel plodovyi – Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805). p. 257. In: Bulokhov, A.D., N.N. Panasenko, Yu.A. Semenishchenkov & E.F. Sitnikov (eds.). Red Book of the Bryansk region. Bryansk, 432pp. [In Russian]

Goulson, D. & P. Williams (2001). Bombus hypnorum (Hymenoptera: Apidae), a new British bumblebee? British Journal of Entomology and Natural History 14: 129–131.

Jeffers, D. (2017). The foraging behavior of a species of bumble bee (Bombus pomorum) that became extinct in the British Isles in the nineteenth century, Journal of Apicultural Research 56(5): 510–513.

Kirkitadze, G.J. & G.O. Japoshvili (2015). Renewed checklist of bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) from Georgia. Annals of Agrarian Science 13(1): 20–32.

Knyazev, S.A., A.M. Byvaltsev, K.B. Ponomarev, V.Yu. Teploukhov & T.F. Kosheleva (2010). Materialy k izucheniyu fauny shmelei (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombini) Omskogo Priirtyshia. Omskaya biologicheskaya shkola 6: 27–29. [In Russian]

Knyazev, S.A., V.V. Ivonin, S.Yu. Sinev, A.L. Lvovsky, V.V. Dubatolov, S.V. Vasilenko, P.Ya. Ustjuzhanin, K.B. Ponomaryov & A.A. Sal`nik (2017). New records of Lepidoptera from the South of West Siberian Plain. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology 7(4): 659–667.

Knyazev, S.A., V.V. Ivonin, P.Ya. Ustjuzhanin, S.V. Vasilenko & V.V. Rogalyov (2019). New data on Lepidoptera of West Siberian Plain, Russia. Far Eastern Entomologist 386: 8–20.

Knyazev, S.A. & O.E. Kosterin (2003). New records of nemoral butterflies Apatura iris L., 1758 and Maniolia jurtina L., 1758 in West Siberia and their probable zoogeographical significance. Eurasian Entomological Journal 2(3): 193–194. [In Russian]

Konusova, O.L. & V.V. Yanushkin (2000). Ecological characteristics of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) of the southern taiga in the Tomsk part of the Ob River basin. Sibirskiy Ekologicheskiy Zhurnal 7(3): 283–286. [In Russian]

Kupianskaya, A.N., M.Yu. Proshchalykin & A.S. Lelej (2014). Contribution to the fauna of bumble bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae: Bombus Latreille, 1802) of the Republic of Tyva, Eastern Siberia. Euroasian Entomological Journal 13(3): 290–294.

Lagunov, A.V. & P.Yu. Gorbunov (2017). Shmel plodovyi – Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805). p. 158. In: Bolshakov, V.N. (ed.). Red Book of the Chelyabinsk region. Animals. Plants. Fungi. Moscow, 504pp. [In Russian]

Levchenko, T.V. (2012). Contributions to the fauna of bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of Moscow Province. 3. Family Apidae. Genus Bombus Latreille, 1802. Eversmannia 31/32: 72–88. [In Russian]

Levchenko, T.V. (2018). Shmel plodovyi. Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805). p. 302. In: Varlygina, T.I., V.A. Zubakin, N.B. Nikitskii & A.V. Sviridov (eds.). Red Book of the Moscow region. Moscow region, 810pp. [In Russian]

Levchenko, T.V., A.M. Byvaltsev & M.Yu. Proshchalykin (2017). 78. Family Apidae, pp. 309-332. In: Belokobylskij S.A. & A.S. Lelej (eds.). Annotated Catalogue of the Hymenoptera of Russia. Volume I. Symphyta and Apocrita: Aculeata. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Supplement 6, Saint Petersbirg, 475pp.

Løken, A. (1973). Studies on Scandinavian bumble bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift 20: 1–218.

Nazirov, A.A. (ed.) (2016). Red Book of the Tatarstan Republic (animals, plants, fungi). Kazan, 760pp. [In Russian]

Olshvang, V.N. (2008). Plodovyi shmel – Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805), p. 103. In: Korytin, N.S. (ed). Red Book of the Sverdlovsk region. Animals. Plants. Fungi. Ekaterinburg, 256pp. [In Russian]

Özbek, H. (2002). On the bumble bee fauna of Turkey: IV. The subgenera Megabombus, Eversmannibombus, Laesobombus, Rhodobombus and Subterraneobombus (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombini). Zoology in the Middle East 25: 79–98.

Panfilov, D.V. (1957). Shmeli (Bombidae) Moskovskoi oblasti. Uchenye Zapiski Moskovskogo gorodskogo pedagogicheskogo instituta 65 (6): 191–219. [In Russian]

Panfilov, D.V., N.I. Kochetova & M.I. Akimushkina (1984). Shmel stepnoy. Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805), pp. 265–266. In: Borodin, A.M., A.G. Bannikov & V.E. Sokolov (eds). Red Book of USSR: Rare and threatened species of animals and plants. Vol. 1. Moscow, 392pp. [In Russian]

Popov, W. (1923). Contribution à l’étude de la faune des Bourdons des environs d’Ekathérinburg (Hymenoptera, Bombidae et Psithyridae). Annales de l’Université de l’Oural 3: 159–169. [In Russian]

Prisnyi, A.B. (2005). Shmel plodovyi – Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805), p. 379. In: Prisnyi, A.B. (ed.). Red Book of the Belgorod region. Rare and threatened species of plants, fungi, lichens and animals. Belgorod, 532pp. [In Russian]

Prŷs-Jones, O. (2019). Preadaptation to the vertical: an extra dimension to the natural history and nesting habits of the Tree Bumble Bee, Bombus (Pyrobombus) hypnorum. Journal of Apicultural Research 58(5): 643–659.

Rasmont, P., A. Ebmer, J. Banaszak & G. Zanden (1995). Hymenoptera Apoidea Gallica. Liste taxonomique des abeilles de France, de Belgique, de Suisse et du Grand Duché du Luxembourg. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 100: 1–98.

Rasmont, P. & D. Flagothier (1996). Biogéographie et choix floraux des bourdons (Hymenoptera,Apidae) de la Turquie; rapport préliminaire 1995–1996. N.A.T.O.-O.T.A.N. TU-Pollination project directed by Prof. Dr O. Kaftanoglu, Çukurova Üniversitesi Adana, Université de Mons-Hainaut, Mons, 72pp.

Rasmont P., M. Franzén, T. Lecocq, A. Harpke, S.P.M. Roberts, J.C. Biesmeijer, L. Castro, B. Cederberg, L. Dvorák L, U. Fitzpatrick, Y. Gonseth, E. Haubruge, G. Mahé, A. Manino, D. Michez, J. Neumayer, F. Ødegaard, J. Paukkunen, T. Pawlikowski, S.G. Potts, M. Reemer, J. Settele, J. Straka & O. Schweiger (2015a). Climatic Risk and Distribution Atlas of European Bumblebees. Biorisk 10 (Special Issue): 246pp.

Rasmont, P., S. Roberts, B. Cederberg, V. Radchenko & D. Michez (2015b). Bombus pomorum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T13356500A57368299. Downloaded on 06 February 2020.

Red Book of the Russian Federation (2001). Accessed 09 March 2020. [In Russian]

Shorthouse, D.P. (2010). SimpleMappr, an online tool to produce publication-quality point maps. Retrieved from Accessed March 12, 2020.

Šima, P. & V. Smetana (2012). Bombus (Cullumanobombus) semenoviellus (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Bombini) new species for the bumble bee fauna of Slovakia. Klapalekiana 48: 141–147.

Skhirtladze, I.A. (1981). Pchelinye Zakavkazya (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Metsniereba, Tbilisi, 148pp. [In Russian]

Skorikov, A.S. (1923). Les bourdons de la faune paléartique. Partie I. Biologie généraly (la zoogeographie y compris), pp. 1–160. In: Bogdanov-Katjkov N.N. (ed.). Bulletin de la Station Régionale Protectrice des Plantes à Petrograd 4(1), Peterburg, 160pp. [In Russian]

Smissen J. & P. Rasmont (2000). Bombus semenoviellus Skorikov 1910, eine für Westeuropa neue Hummelart (Hymenoptera: Bombus, Cullumanobombus). Bembix 13: 21–24.

Sysoletina, L.G. (1967). The fauna of bumble bees in Chuvashia. Uchenye Zapiski Chuvashskogo Pedagogicheskogo Instituta. Serya Biologicheskih nauk 23: 111–121. [in Russian]

Tikhomirov, A.M. (2007). Shmel plodovyi – Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805), p. 70. In: Isaev, V.A. (ed.). Red Book of the Ivanovo region. Vol. 1: Animals]. Ivanovo, 236pp. [In Russian]

Williams, P.H. (1998). An annotated checklist of bumble bees with an analysis of patterns of description (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini). Bulletin of The Natural History Museum (Entomology) 67: 79–152. updated at Accessed 09 March 2020.

Williams, P.H., J.M. Lobo & A.S. Meseguer (2018). Bumblebees take the high road: climatically integrative biogeography shows that escape from Tibet, not Tibetan uplift, is associated with divergences of present‐day Mendacibombus. Ecography 41: 461-477.

Yuferev, G.I. & T.V. Levchenko (2014). Shmel plodovyi – Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805), p. 126. In: Baranova, O.G., E.P. Lachokhi, V.M. Ryabova, V.N. Sotnikova, E.M. Tarasova, L.G. Tslishcheva (eds.). Red Book of the Kirov region: animals, plants, fungi. Kirov, 336pp. [In Russian]

Zryanin, V.A. (2014). Shmel plodovyi – Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805), pp. 271–272. In: Anufriev, G.A., S.V. Bakka & N.Yu. Kiseleva (eds.). Red Book of the Nizhny Novgorod region. Nizhny Novgorod, 448pp. [In Russian]