Dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of the Kole Wetlands, central Kerala, India

Main Article Content

A. Vivek Chandran
Subin K. Jose
Sujith V. Gopalan


A year-long study was conducted at the Kole Wetlands, a Ramsar site in central Kerala to document the diversity of dragonflies and damselflies and understand their seasonality.  Checklist survey method was used to sample adult odonates in 30 randomly chosen locations.  A total of 44 species (30 dragonflies and 14 damselflies) belonging to 33 genera and eight families were recorded in the study area.  Species richness showed a peak in the post-monsoon season and a dip in the summer.  The observations support the value of the Kole Wetlands in providing valuable resources for Odonata.

Article Details



Adarsh, C.K., K.S. Aneesh & P.O. Nameer (2014). A preliminary checklist of odonates in Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) campus, Thrissur District, Kerala, southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(8): 6127–6137. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3491.6127-37 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3491.6127-37

Clark, T.E. & M.J. Samways (1996). Dragonflies (Odonata) as indicators of biotope quality in the Kruger National Park, South Africa. Journal of Applied Ecology 33: 1001–1012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2404681

Emiliyamma, K.G., M.J. Palot & C. Charesh (2020). A new species of Platylestes Selys (Odonata: Zygoptera: Lestidae)from the coastal area of Kannur District, Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 12(13): 16854–16860. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5209.12.13.16854-16860 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5209.12.13.16854-16860

Fraser, F.C. (1933). The Fauna of British-India including Ceylon and Burma, Odonata. Vol. I. Taylor and Francis Ltd., London, 436pp.

Fraser, F.C. (1934). The Fauna of British-India including Ceylon and Burma, Odonata. Vol. II. Taylor and Francis Ltd., London, 442pp.

Fraser, F.C. (1936). The Fauna of British-India including Ceylon and Burma, Odonata. Vol. III. Taylor and Francis Ltd., London, 461pp.

Hassal, C. (2015). Odonata as candidate macroecological barometers for global climate change. Freshwater Science. 34(3): 1040–1049. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/682210

Islam, M.Z. & A.R. Rahmani (2004). Important Bird Areas in India. Priority Sites for Conservation. Indian Bird Conservation Network. Bombay Natural History Society, BirdLife International, xviii+1133pp.

Islam, M.Z. & A.R. Rahmani (2008). Potential and Existing Ramsar Sites in India. Indian Bird Conservation Network: Bombay Natural History Society, BirdLife International and Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Oxford University Press, 592pp.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2020). https://www.iucnredlist.org/about/background-history. Electronic version accessed on 9 March 2020.

Johnkutty, I. & V.K. Venugopal (1993). Kole Lands of Kerala. Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur, 68pp.

Joshi, S. & D. Sawant (2020). Description of Bradinopyga konkanensis sp. nov. (Odonata: Anisoptera:Libellulidae) from the coastal region of Maharashtra, India. Zootaxa 4779(1): 065–078. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4779.1.4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4779.1.4

Jayson, E.A. (2018). Foraging ecology of birds in Kole wetlands of Thrissur, Kerala. KFRI Research Report No. 546, 95pp.

Kalkman, V.J., R. Babu, M. Bedjanič, K. Conniff, T. Gyeltshen, M.K. Khan, K.A. Subramanian, A. Zia & A.G. Orr (2020). Checklist of the dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 4849(1): 001–084. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4849.1.1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4849.1.1

Kiran, C.G. & D.V. Raju (2013). Dragonflies and damselflies of Kerala (Keralathile Thumbikal). Tropical Institute of Ecological Sciences, 156pp.

Kokkal, K., P. Harinarayanan & K.K. Sabu (2008). Wetlands of Kerala, pp. 1889–1893. In: Sengupta, M. & R. Dalwani (eds.). Proceedings of Taal 2007: The 12th World Lake Conference.

May, R.M. (2010). Ecological science and tomorrow’s world. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences. 365: 41–47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2009.0164

MoEF (2009). Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats. Ministry of Environment & Forests, New Delhi, 83pp.

MoEF (2019). Wildlife rule & regulation. Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change. http://moef.gov.in/wpcontent/uploads/2018/03/widldlife1l.pdf. Electronic version accessed on 9 March 2020.

Nameer, P.O. (2002). Kole wetlands-an internationally important wetland in peril. Proceedings of the 14th Kerala Science Congress, 29–31 January 2002, Kochi: 627-630pp.

Payra, A., K.A. Subramanian, K. Chandra & B. Tripathy (2020). A first record of Camacinia harterti Karsch, 1890 (Odonata: Libellulidae) from Arunachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 12(8): 15922–15926. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4653.12.8.15922-15926 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4653.12.8.15922-15926

Poorani, J. & V. Abraham (2015). Documenting India’s insect diversity. Education for Change 20: 11–13.

Rison, K.J. & A.V. Chandran (2020). Observations of the damselfly Platylestes cf. platystylus Rambur, 1842 (Insecta: Odonata: Zygoptera: Lestidae) from peninsular India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 12(10): 16392–16395. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5834.12.10.16392-16395 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5834.12.10.16392-16395

Royer, R.A., A. E. Jane & W.E. Newton (1998). Checklist and “Pollard walk” butterfly survey methods on public lands. American Midland Naturalist 140: 358–371. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1674/0003-0031(1998)140[0358:CAPWBS]2.0.CO;2

Sánchez-Bayo, F. & K.A.G. Wyckhuys (2019). Worldwide decline of the entomofauna: A review of its drivers. Biological Conservation 232: 8–27. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.01.020

Sarath, S., E.R. Sreekumar & P.O. Nameer (2017). Butterflies of the Kole wetlands, a Ramsar site in Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(5): 10208–10215. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3513.9.5.10208-10215 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3513.9.5.10208-10215

Schorr, M. & D. Paulson (2020). World Odonata List, Slater Museum of Natural History, University of Puget Sound. https://www.pugetsound.edu/academics/academic-resources/slater-museum/biodiversity-resources/dragonflies/world-odonata-list2/Electronic version accessed on 12 March 2020.

Society for Odonate Studies (2020). List of odonates of Kerala. https://odonatesociety.org/list-of-odonates-of-kerala/ Electronic version accessed on 11 November 2020.

Sreehari, V.S. (2009). Diversity and abundance of herpetofauna in Kole wetlands, Thrissur. Thesis submitted for Masters of Science in Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, 67+xvipp.

Srinivasan, J.T. (2012). An economic evaluation of paddy cultivation in the Kole land of Kerala. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics 67(2): 213–224.

Subramanian, K.A. (2005). India-A Lifescape, Dragonflies of India - A Field Guide. Vigyan Prasar, India Offset Press, New Delhi, 118pp.

Subramanian, K.A. (2009). Dragonflies and Damselflies of Peninsular India - A Field Guide. Vigyan Prasar, Noida, India, 168pp.

Subramanian, K.A. & R. Babu (2020). Dragonflies and Damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of India, pp. 29–45. In: Ramani, S., P. Mohanraj & H.M. Yeshwanth (eds.). Indian Insects: Diversity and Science. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, London, 450pp. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1201/9780429061400-3

Subramanian, K.A., K.G. Emiliyamma, R. Babu, C. Radhakrishnan & S.S. Talmale (2018). Atlas of Odonata (Insecta) of the Western Ghats, India. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 417pp.

Sujana, K.A. & C. Sivaperuman (2008). Preliminary studies on the flora of Kole wetlands, Thrissur, Kerala. Indian Forester (August): 1079–1086. http://www.indianforester.co.in/index.php/indianforester/article/view/811