Is release of rehabilitated wildlife with embedded lead ammunition advisable? Plumbism in a Jaguar Panthera Onca (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae), survivor of gunshot wounds

Main Article Content

Eduardo A. Díaz
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0486-1513
Carolina Sáenz
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4434-7466
E. Santiago Jiménez
David A. Egas
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3779-3676
Kelly Swing
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7738-9769

Abstract

Lead poisoning is a threat to wildlife, particularly after ingestion of lead ammunition derived from hunting activities. Little information, however, is available concerning plumbism in wild animals that survive the trauma associated with gunshot wounds. This study presents a possible example of lead intoxication by embedded pellets in a Jaguar Panthera onca nineteen months after being injured by a shotgun blast. In addition, the possible path of incorporation of lead into the trophic chain after the eventual release and death of an impacted animal, thereby expanding and prolonging the toxic effects of lead ammunition, is discussed. Direct intoxication by ammunition retained in the body of wild animals, as well as the indirect impacts on predators and scavengers that consume their flesh, should be sufficient reasons to reconsider the release of individuals with embedded lead ammunition into the wild.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Eduardo A. Díaz, Carolina Sáenz, E. Santiago Jiménez, David A. Egas and Kelly Swing 2021. Is release of rehabilitated wildlife with embedded lead ammunition advisable? Plumbism in a Jaguar Panthera Onca (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae), survivor of gunshot wounds. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 13, 12 (Oct. 2021), 19808–19812. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5777.13.12.19808-19812.
Section
Short Communications

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