Avian congregation sites in the Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, India

Main Article Content

JIgar D. Joshi
Sandeep B. Munjpara
Kinjal Joshi
Harshad Salvi
R.D. Kamboj


he present study deals with the congregation of avifauna at various locations in Gulf of Kachchh (GoK), Gujarat, India.  The study was conducted between 2011 and 2014.  A total of 14 sites were identified in Gulf of Kachchh which had regular and remarkable congregation of mono-species or multi-species of waterbirds.  The observations were made through line transects and point count sampling methods.  The largest congregation sites were Bhaidar and Pirotan Islands with more than 5,000 individuals of waterbirds.  Khijadiya wetland was also recorded with a remarkable number of birds in the congregation, i.e., more than 4,000 individuals.  The identified congregation sites were found to be distributed throughout the southern part of GoK.  Such sites were intertidal areas, freshwater bodies, saltpans etc.  The bird congregations comprised resident and migratory waterbirds and coastal birds.

Article Details

How to Cite
Joshi, J.D., Munjpara, S.B., Joshi, K., Salvi, H. and Kamboj, R. 2020. Avian congregation sites in the Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 12, 15 (Nov. 2020), 17147–17152. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5385.12.15.17147-17152.
Short Communications


Ali, A.H. (1962). An Ornithological trip to the Gulf of Kutch. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 59: 655–658.

Ali, S. (1945). The Birds of Kutch. Oxford University Press for the Kutch Government.

Bhuva, V.J. & V.C. Soni (1998). Wintering population of four migratory species of waders in the Gulf of Kachchh and human pressures. Wader Study Group Bull 86: 48–51.

BirdLife International (2008). Congregation at particular sites is a common behavior in many bird species. Case Study, 2008.

BirdLife International (2010). Central Asian Fly Way Factsheet. 2010.

Delany, S. & D. Scott (2006). Waterbird Population Estimates. Wetlands International,

Wageningen, The Netherlands.

ICMAM (2002). Geographic Information System for Gulf of Kachchh. Project Directorate, Chennai, Integrated Coastal Zone and Marine Area Management (ICMAM), Department of Ocean Development, Government of India, 53pp.

Islam, M.Z. & A.R. Rahmani (2004). Important Bird Areas in India: priority sites for conservation. Bombay Natural History Society and Bird Life International, Mumbai, India.

Jani, S.P. & A.K. Mishra (2007). Management Plan Marine National Park and Sanctuary for the year of 2007-08 to 2016-17, Part-II. Marine National Park, Jamnagar, Government Press,172pp.

Kirby, J. (2010). Review of current knowledge of Bird Flyways, Principal knowledge gaps and conservation priorities. CMZ Scientific Council: Flyway Working Group Reviews, UNEP, 137pp.

MoEF (Ministry of Environment and Forests) (2005). Country Report India, Central Asian Flyway Action Plan for Waterbirds and their habitats (CMC/CAF/Inf.4.13 ed.). UNEP/CMS, Government of India, Delhi, 25pp.

Naik, R.M., M.S. Murthy, Mansuri, A.P. Rao, R. Pervez, T. Mundkhur, S. Krishan, P.J. Faldu & T.S.V.R. Krishan (1991). Coastal Marine Ecosystems and Anthropogenic Pressure in the Gulf of Kachchh. WWF-India sponsored Research Project: Final Report Department of Biosciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, 287pp.

Newton, I. (2007 ). The Migration Ecology of Birds. Elsevier, 984pp.

Pandey, C.N. & J. Teli (2005). Ecology and Biodiversity of Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary and its Environs. GEER Foundation, Gandhinagar, 143pp.

Parasharya, B.M. (1984). Studies on the coastal birds and their marine habitat with special emphasis on the biology of the Indian Reef Heron (Egretta gularis). PhD Thesis, Saurashtra University, Rajkot.

Parasharya, D. & G. Padate (2014). Additional record of scleractinian corals on Porbandar coast, Gujarat, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(6): 5900–5904. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3317.5900-5904

Ramkumaran, K., R. Chandran, C. Satyanarayana, K. Chandra & T. Shyamal (2017). Density and obligatory feeding habits of an isolated Golden Jackal Canis aureus L. (Mammalia: Carnivora: Canidae) population in Pirotan Island, Gulf of Kachchh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(4): 10121–10124. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2988.9.4.10121-10124

Sengupta, R. & G. Deshmukhe (2000). Coastal and Maritime Environments of Gujarat, Ecology Economics. Gujarat Ecology Society, Vadodara, 270pp.

Singh, H.S. (1994). Marine National Park and Sanctuary. Management Plan Gujarat Forest Department, Gandhinagar, India.

Singh, H.S. (2001). Marine Protected Areas of India. Published by Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation, Gandhinagar, India, 140pp.

Singh, H.S., C.N. Pandey, P. Yennawar, R.J. Asari, B.H. Patel, K. Tatu & B.R. Raval (2004). The Marine National Park and Sanctuary in the Gulf of Kachchh. A comprehensive study on biodiversity and management issues. Published by Gujarat Ecological Education and Research Foundation, Gandhinagar, India, 370pp.

Urfi, A.J. (2002). Waders and other wetland birds on Byet-Dwarka Island, Gulf of Kutch, western India. Wader Study Group Bulletin 99: 31­–34.

Venkataraman, K., C. Satyanarayan, J.R.B. Alfred & J. Wolstenholme (2003). Handbook on Hard Corals of India. Published by the Director, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 266pp.