Main Article Content
A concise interpretation of peopleâ€™s perception and attitude towards wildlife helps in formulating better long-term conservation policies. In an attempt to understand peopleâ€™s perception, we considered one of the threatened and least known ecosystems of northeastern India, the Barail range, mainly focusing on the Barail Wildlife Sanctuary, the only protected area of this range, and falls in the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot area. The sanctuary is known for a high diversity of mammals, mainly primates (with seven reported species), and bears (with three of the eight globally known speciesâ€”a diversity not met elsewhere in the globe). To protect its pristine wildlife wealth, it is essential that the perception of the local settlers is elucidated, and this prompted us to take up the present study. In this study, we used open- and close-ended questionnaire, which was then coded (yes/positive=1 and no/negative=0). Each response was thoroughly examined using logistic regression and variables like socio-economic factors, knowledge of the sanctuary, wildlife and forest management were found to generate positive perception towards the sanctuary and its wildlife, and vice-versa. Further, alternative means is suggested in terms of tourism, and the attitudes towards instigation of tourism were mostly favoured by the locals. Besides promoting tourism, providing alternative livelihood and vocational trainings for the locals and, timely compensation for the losses caused by the animals should be long-term strategies for the conservation of the mammals of the sanctuary. It has been increasingly recognized that involvement of locals is a prima facie requirement in the conservation of wildlife, and as such their perception is of great significance. While the study was conducted at the Barail Wildlife Sanctuary, the results may translate in other protected areas, and may be referred to as a model strategy for other protected areas having similar scenario.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2722.214.171.12453-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Akhter, S., F. Raihan, M.S.S. Islam, M.A. Syed, S.K. Das & M. Alamgir (2013). Coping with climatic change by using indigenous knowledge of ethnic communities from in and around Lawachara National Park of Bangladesh. Journal of Forest and Environmental Science 29(3): 181â€“193. https://doi.org/10.7747/JFS.2013.29.3.181
Bhalla, P., A. Coghlan & P. Bhattacharya (2016). Homestaysâ€™ contribution to community-based ecotourism in the Himalayan region of India. Tourism Recreation Research 41(2): 213â€“228.https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2016.1178474
Champion, H.G. &S.K. Seth (1968). A Revised Survey of The Forest Types of India. Upendra Arora, Natraj Publishers, Publication Division, Dehradun, New Delhi, 404pp.
Choudhury, A.U. (1988). A primate survey in southern Assam, India.Primate Conservation 9: 31â€“34.
Choudhury, A.U. (1997). Checklist of the Mammals of Assam.Revised 2nd Edition. Gibbon Book & Assam Science Technology & Environmental Council, Guwahati, India, 103pp.
Choudhury, A.U. (2005). Amchang, Barail and Dihing-Patkai â€“ Assamâ€™s new wildlife sanctuary. Oryx 39(2): 124â€“125. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605305000323
Choudhury, A.U. (2011). Records of Sloth Bear and Malayan Sun Bear in NE India. Final report to International Association for Bear Research & Management (IBA). The Rhino Foundation for nature in NE India, Guwahati, Assam, India, 53pp.
Choudhury, A.U. (2013a). The Mammals of Northeast India. Gibbon Books and The Rhino Foundation for Nature in NE India, Guwahati, Assam, 432pp.
Choudhury, A.U. (2013b). Records of Asiatic Balck Bear in North East India. Final report to International Association for Bear Research & Management (IBA). The Rhino Foundation for nature in NE India, Guwahati, Assam, India, 96pp.
Choudhury, A.U. (2016). The Mammals of India. Gibbon Books and The Rhino Foundation for Nature in NE India, Guwahati, Assam, 328pp.
Dewu, S. & E. Roskaft (2018). Community attitudes towards protected areas: insights from Ghana. Oryx 52(3): 489â€“496. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605316001101
Dutta, P.K. (2012). Guidelines for promotion of Homestays in Arunachal Pradesh. Tezpur: Western Arunachal Landscape programme, WWE-India, 12pp.
Gillingham, S. & P.C. Lee (1991). The impact of wildlife-related benefits on the conservation attitudes of local people around Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania. Environmental Conservation 26(3): 218â€“228.https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892999000302
Goodwin, H. (1996). In pursuit of ecotourism. Biodiversity and Conservation 5(3): 277â€“291. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00051774
Htun, N.Z., N. Mizoue & S. Yoshida (2012). Determinants of local peopleâ€™s perceptions and attitudes a protected area and its management: A case study from Popa Mountain Park, Central Myanmar. Society and Natural Resources 25: 743â€“758. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2011.620597
Kaltenborn, B., T. Bjerke, J. Nyahongo & D. Williams (2006). Animal preference and acceptability of wildlife management actions around Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. Biodiversity and Conservation 15(14): 4633â€“4649. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-005-6196-9
Karanth, K.K. & S.K. Nepal (2012). Local residents perception of benefits and losses from protected areas in India and Nepal. Environmental Management 49(2): 372â€“386. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-011-9778-1
Karanth, K., R.A. Kramer, S.S. Qian & N.L. Christensen Jr. (2008). Examining conservation attitudes, perspectives and challenges in India. Biological Conservation 141(9): 2357â€“2367. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2008.06.027
Karanth, K.K. & S. Kudalkar (2017). History, location and species maltter: insights for human-wildife conflicts mitigation from India. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 22(4): 331â€“346. https://doi.org/10.1080/10871209.2017.1334106
Kideghesho, J.R., E. Roskaft & B.P. Kaltemborn (2007). Factors influencing conservation attitudes of local people in Western Serengeti, Tanzania. Biodiversity and Conservation 16(7): 2213â€“2230. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-006-9132-8
Mazumder, M.K. (2014). Diversity, habitat preferences, and conservation of the primates of Southern Assam, India: The story of a primate paradise. Journal of Asia-Paciï¬c Biodiversity 7(4): 347â€“354. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japb.2014.10.001
Mukherjee, A. & C.K. Borad (2004). Integrated approach towards conservation of Gir National Park: the last refuge of Asiatic Lion, India. Biodiversity and Conservation 13(11): 2165â€“2182. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:BIOC.0000040009.75090.8c
Myers, N., R.A. Mittermeier, C.G. Mittermeier, G.A.B. da Fonseca & J. Kent (2000). Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities.Nature 403: 853â€“858. https://doi.org/10.1038/35002501
Oldekop, J.A., G. Holmes, W.E. Harris & K.L. Evans (2016). A global assessment of the social and conservation outcomes of protected areas. Conservation Biology 30(1): 133â€“141. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12568
Pawar, S. & A. Birand (2001). A survey of amphibians, reptiles, and birds in Northeast India. CERC Technical Report #6, Centre for Ecological Research and Conservation, Mysore, 100pp.
Singh, T.V. (1991). The development of tourism in the mountain environment, the problem of sustainable. Tourism Recreation Research 16(2): 1â€“11. https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.1991.11014621
Soto, B., S.M. Munthali & C. Breen (2001). Perceptions of theforestry and wildlife policy by the local communities living in the Maputo Elephant Reserve, Mozambique. Biodiversity and Conservation 10(10): 1723â€“1728. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012005620906
Sundaresan, S., B. Bruyere, G. Parker, B. Low, N. Stafford & S. Davis (2012). Pastoralistsâ€™ perception of the endangered Grevyâ€™s Zebra in Kenya. Human Dimension of Wildlife 17: 270â€“281. https://doi.org/10.1080/10871209.2012.662577
Tabachnick, B.G. & L.S. Fidell (2013). Using Multivariate Statistics. 6th Edition. Pearson Education, New Jersey, USA, 965pp.
Talukdar, S. & A. Gupta (2017). Attitudes towards forest and wildlife, and conservation-oriented traditions, around Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam, India. Oryx 52(3): 508â€“518. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605316001307
Walpole, M.J. & H.J. Goodwin (2001). Local attitudes towards conservation and tourism around Komodo National Park, Indonesia. Environmental Conservation 28(2): 160â€“166. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892901000169
Wang, Y. (2007). Customized authenticity begins at home. Annals of Tourism Research 34(3): 789â€“804. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2007.03.008
Winter, S.J., K.J. Esler & M.Kidd (2005). An index to measurethe conservation attitudes of landowners towards Overberg Coastal Renosterveld, a critically endangered vegetation type in the Cape Floral Kingdom, South Africa. Biological Conservation 126(3): 383â€“394. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2005.06.015