Main Article Content
The Asiatic Golden Cat Catopuma temminckii is poorly known in Nepal and was previously recorded only twice in the eastern part of the country. We conducted a camera trap survey in the Lapchi Valley (32km2) of Gaurishankar Conservation Area (GCA), a protected area in north-central Nepal, from October 2018 to April 2019. Eleven cameras were deployed to record mammalian diversity in a 2Ã—2 km2 grid across Lapchi block of GCA. During the study period, four photos and three videos (each of 10 seconds length) of Asiatic Golden Cats were recorded at an elevation of 2,540m at a single camera trap station. This is the first photographic record of Asiatic Golden Cat in this region of Nepal extending the distribution of the species further west in the Himalaya. A more detailed study on its distribution, population size and behaviour is warranted in the near future to implement appropriate conservation measures.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27220.127.116.1153-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Allen, W.L., I.C. Cuthill, N.E. Scott-Samuel & R. Baddeley (2010). Why the leopard got its spots: relating pattern development to ecology in felids. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 278 (1710): 1373â€“1380; https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.1734 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.1734
Appel, A., Y. Ghimirey & R. Acharya (2012). Status assessment of wild felids with a special focus on Clouded Leopard and Asian Golden Cat in the Hugu-Kori forest, Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal. Report submitted to the Point Defiance Zoo and Aquarium and the Wuppertal Zoo Association.
Baral, H.S. & K.B. Shah (2008). Wild Mammals of Nepal. Himalayan Nature, Kathmandu,158 pp.
Bashir, T., T. Bhatacharya, K. Poudyal & S. Sathyakumar (2011). Notable observations on the melanistc Asiatic Golden Cat (Pardofelis temminckii) of Sikkim, India. NeBIO 2(1): 1â€“4.
Chatterjee, P., K. Mondal, K. Chandra & B. Tripathy (2018). First photographic evidence of Asian Golden Cat Catopuma temminckii (Vigors and Horsfield, 1827) from Neora valley National Park, Central Himalayas, India. Zoological Survey of India 118(2): 128â€“132; https://doi.org/10.26515/rzsi/v118/i2/2018/121437 DOI: https://doi.org/10.26515/rzsi/v118/i2/2018/121437
CITES (2019). Appendices I, II and III. Retrieved on 23rd June 2019. https://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
Dhendup, T. (2016). Status of Asiatic Golden Cat Catopuma temminckii Vigors & Horsfield, 1827 (Carnivora: Felidae) in Bhutan. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(4): 8698â€“8702; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/jott.2518.104.22.16898-8702 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2522.214.171.12498-8702
Dhendup, T., T. Tempa & N. Norbu (2016). Camera trap records of Asiatic Golden Cat at high altitudes in Bhutan. Cat News 64: 37â€“38.
GCA (2013). Gaurishankar Conservation Area-Management Plan (2013-2017). Gaurishankar Conservation Area Project, Dolakha. 166 pp.
Ghimirey, Y. & P. Pal (2009). First camera trap image of Asiatic Golden Cat in Nepal. Cat News 51: 19.
Ghose, M., D. Sharma & N.S. Murali (2019). First photographic evidence of polymorphic Asiatic Golden Cat Catopuma temminckii Vigors & Horsfeld, 1827 (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) in Buxa Tiger Reserve, West Bengal, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 11(4): 13502â€“13505; https://doi.org/10.11609/jot.4254.11.4.13502-13505
Gouda, J., J. Sethy & N.P.S. Chauhan (2016). First photo capture of Asiatic Golden Cat in Dampa Tiger Reserve, Mizoram, India. Cat News 64: 26â€“27.
Grassman, L. I. Jr., M.E. Tewes, N.J. Silvy & K. Kreetiyutanont (2005). Ecology of three sympatric felids in a mixed evergreen forest in North-Central Thailand. Journal of Mammalogy 86(1): 29â€“38.
Heinen, J.T., & B. Leisure (1993). A new look at the Himalayan fur trade. Oryx, 27(4): 231-238.
Jnawali, S.R., H.S. Baral, S. Lee, K.P. Acharya, G.P. Upadhyay, M. Pandey, R. Shrestha, D. Joshi, B.R. Lamichhane, J. Griffiths, A.P. Khatiwada, N. Subedi, & R. Amin (2011). The Status of Nepalâ€™s Mammals: The National Red List Series, Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal. 276 pp.
Johnson, A., C. Vongkhamheng & T. Saithongdam (2009). The diversity, status and conservation of small carnivores in a montane tropical forest in northern Laos. Oryx 43(4): 626â€“633; https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605309990238 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605309990238
Jutzeler, E., Y. Xie & K. Vogt (2010). Cats in China: Asiatic Golden Cat. Cat News Special Issue 5: 40â€“41.
Kawanishi, K. & M.E. Sunquist (2008). Food habits and activity patterns of the Asiatic Golden Cat (Catopuma temminckii) and Dhole (Cuon alpinus) in a primary rainforest of Peninsular Malaysia. Mammal Study 33 (4): 173â€“177; https://doi.org/10.3106/1348-6160-33.4.173 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3106/1348-6160-33.4.173
Lahkar, D., M.F. Ahmed, R.H. Begum, S.K. Das, B.P. Lahkar, H.K. Sarma & A. Harihar (2018). Camera-trapping survey to assess diversity, distribution and photographic capture rate of terrestrial mammals in the aftermath of the ethnoolitical conflict in Manas National Park, Assam, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10(8): 12008â€“12017; http://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4039.10.8.12008-12017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4039.10.8.12008-12017
Lama, S.T., J.G. Ross, D. Bista, A.P. Sherpa, G.R. Regmi, M.K. Suwal, P. Sherpa, J. Weerman, S.S. Lama, M. Thapa, L.P. Poudyal & A.M. Paterson (2019). First photographic record of Marbled Cat Pardofelis marmorata Martin, 1837 (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae) in Nepal. Nature Conservation 32: 19â€“34; https://doi.org/10.3897/natureconservation.32.29740 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3897/natureconservation.32.29740
Lamichhane, B.R., R. Kadariya, N. Subedi, B.K. Dhakal, M. Dhakal, K. Thapa & K.P. Acharya (2016). Rusty-spotted Cat: 12th cat species discovered in Western Terai of Nepal. Cat News 64: 30â€“33.
Lynam, A.J., K.E. Jenks, N. Tantpisanuh, W. Chutpong, D. Ngoprasert, G.A. Gale, R. Steinmetz, R. Sukmasuang, N. Bhumpakphan, L.I. Grassman Jr., P. Cuter, S. Kitamura, D.H. Reed, M.C. Baker, W. McShea, N. Songsasen & P. Leimgruber (2013). Terrestrial activity patterns of wild cats from camera-trapping. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 61(1): 407â€“415.
McCann, G.E. (2017). Asian Golden Cat Catopuma temminckii at Virachey National Park, Ratanakiri Province, Cambodia. Southeast Asian Vertebrate Records (SEAVR): 31â€“33.
McCarthy, J., S. Dahal, T. Dhendup, T.N.E. Gray, S. Mukherjee, H. Rahman, P. Riordan, N. Boontua & D. Willcox (2015). Catopuma temminckii (errata version published in 2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T4038A97165437; http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T4038A50651004.en . Retrieved on 02 June 2019.
Mukherjee, S., P. Singh, A.P. Silva, C. Ri, K. Kakat, B. Borah, T. Tapi, S. Kadur, P. Choudhary, S. Srikant, S. Nadig, R. Navya, M. BjÃ¶rklund & U. Ramakrishnan (2019). Activity patterns of the small and medium felid (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) guild in northeastern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 11(4): 13432â€“13447; https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.46126.96.36.19932-13447 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.46188.8.131.5232-13447
Nadig, S., R. Navya & A.P. Silva (2016). Small cats in the Himalayan foothills: the Asian Golden Cat of Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary, India. Small Wild Cat Conservation News 2: 23.
Nijhawan, S., I. Mitapo, J. Pulu, C. Carbone & J.M. Rowcliffe (2019). Does polymorphism make Asiatic Golden Cat the most adaptable predator in Eastern Himalayas? The Scientific Naturalist; https:doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2768
Nowell, K. & P. Jackson (1996). Wild cats: status survey and conservation action plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, 406 pp.
Pusparini, W., H.T. Wibisono, G.V. Reddy, Tarmizi & P. Bharata (2014). Small and medium-sized cats in Gunung Leuser National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia. Cat News Special Issue 8: 4â€“9.
Rai, J., K. Yadav, S. GC, R. Acharya, K. Thapa & Y. Ghimirey (2019). First record of Asiatic Golden Cat from Tinjure-Milke-Jaljale Area, Nepal. Cat News 69: 31.
Schaller, G.B. (1980). Stones of Silence: Journeys in the Himalaya. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, 292pp.