Camera trap survey of mammals in Cleopatra’s Needle Critical Habitat in Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines

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Paris N. Marler
Solomon Calago
Mélanie Ragon
Lyca Sandrea G Castro


A camera trap survey was conducted in the recently protected Cleopatra’s Needle Critical Habitat (CNCH) in Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines from February to May 2015 at 39 camera trap sites.  A bait of common pig’s blood was used at 36 sites, while the three remaining sites were surveyed without a bait and monitored a stream with a latrine site or mud bath with tracks.  Seven native species were detected and three of these species were endemic to the island province.  Species included: Common Palm Civet Paradoxurus philippinensis, Palawan Porcupine Hystrix pumila, Collared Mongoose Urva semitorquata, Palawan Stink Badger Mydaus marchei, Palawan Leopard Cat Prionailurus bengalensis heaneyi, Asian Small-clawed Otter Aonyx cinereus, and Malay Civet Viverra tangalunga.  Analysis of the activity patterns of the three most commonly captured species revealed predominantly nocturnal activity for the Common Palm Civet, Palawan Porcupine, and Palawan Stink Badger.  The Philippine Palm Civet showed occasional diurnal activity.  The seven photo-captured species appeared most common, or were at the least recorded, below 750m.  Five species (the Philippine Palm Civet, Palawan Porcupine, Collared Mongoose, Palawan Stink Badger, and Palawan Leopard Cat) were also recorded above 1000m.  The CNCH supports two threatened species, the Palawan Porcupine and the Asian Small-clawed Otter, which are listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN, and the Collared Mongoose is listed as Near Threatened.  The Palawan Leopard Cat is considered Vulnerable within the Philippines, although it has yet to be assessed by the IUCN.  This documentation highlights the biodiversity significance within the newly protected critical habitat and the need to support ongoing conservation efforts within the critical habitat. 


Article Details

Author Biographies

Paris N. Marler, Centre for Sustainability PH, Inc. PENRO Road, Puerto Princesa City, 5300 Palawan, Philippines.

Graduated from the University of California, Berkeley. She is currently a researcher with Centre for Sustainability PH, Inc. Her past research involved conservation and ecology of Cycas micronesica.

Solomon Calago, Centre for Sustainability PH, Inc. PENRO Road, Puerto Princesa City, 5300 Palawan, Philippines.

is the Senior Field Officer and Co-founder at Centre For Sustainability Philippines, Inc. He is an expert cave spelunker and leads the cave spelunking team with research and cave assessments. He also leads tree-climbing and cone collection for tree propagation in the Saving the Almaciga Tree Project. He assists with any education and assessment research.

Mélanie Ragon, 1321 Route de Deyrier, 74350 Cruseilles, France.

has a license degree in rural planning and geography in the University of Lyon 3. She also has a master degree in sustainable tourism in the University of Grenoble. Her master work was focused on the touristic potentiality of the rural places in France.

Lyca Sandrea G Castro, Western Philippines University-Puerto Princesa Campus, Sta. Monica, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines.

is a faculty at the College of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Western Philippines University.


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