Species diversity and spatial distribution of amphibian fauna along the altitudinal gradients in Jigme Dorji National Park, western Bhutan

Main Article Content

Bal Krishna Koirala
Karma Cheda
Tshering Penjor


This paper presents the results of a study conducted on the diversity and spatial distribution of amphibian fauna in two different habitat types along the elevation gradients of Mochu River valley in Jigme Dorji National Park, Bhutan.  The survey was conducted from November 2017 to February 2019.  The study aimed to assess the diversity and distribution of amphibians using an opportunistic visual encounter survey technique.  A total of 16 species of amphibians belonging to nine genera distributed among seven families were documented during the study period. The Shannon diversity index was relatively higher in the primary forest habitat than in the agro-ecosystem, however, there was no statistically significant difference of species abundance. The decreasing trend of diversity and abundance of amphibian fauna was noticed towards higher altitudinal zones.  About 56% of species were recorded in the lower sampling sites (1200–1600m) indicating more favourable climatic conditions and habitat types for amphibian assemblages at lower elevations.

Article Details

Author Biography

Bal Krishna Koirala, Jigme Dorji National Park, Department of Forests and Park Services, P.O. Box 13001, Gasa, Bhutan.

Department of Forest and Park Services, Sr. Park Ranger


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