An overview of fishes of the Sundarbans, Bangladesh and their present conservation status

Main Article Content

Kazi Ahsan Habib
Amit Kumer Neogi
Najmun Nahar
Jina Oh
Youn-Ho Lee
Choong-Gon Kim


Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest of the world is located in Bangladesh and India.  Studies done on the diversity of fish fauna in the Sundarbans mangrove forest of Bangladesh are sparse and patchy.  Here we take the opportunity to provide an updated checklist of the fishes of the Sundarbans, Bangladesh based on primary and secondary data.  Field surveys were undertaken in the aquatic habitat of Sundarbans core area along with its adjacent marine habitat from June 2015 to July 2017.  Based on published information and primary observations the updated list of fishes covers a total of 322 species belonging to 217 genera, 96 families, and 22 orders.  Additionally, four species of fishes, are newly reported in Bangladesh waters, viz., Mustelus mosis Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1899; Lagocephalus guentheri Miranda Ribeiro, 1915; Carangoides hedlandensis Whitley, 1934; Uranoscopus cognatus Cantor, 1849.  The global IUCN Red List status of each species has been enlisted.  The updated checklist will constitute the reference inventory of fish biodiversity for the Sundarbans, a natural world heritage site. 

Article Details

How to Cite
Habib, K.A., Neogi, A.K., Nahar, N., Oh, J., Lee, Y.-H. and Kim, C.-G. 2020. An overview of fishes of the Sundarbans, Bangladesh and their present conservation status. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 12, 1 (Jan. 2020), 15154–15172. DOI:


Acharya, G. & D. Kamal (1994). Fisheries, pp. 101–140. In: Hussain, Z. & G. Acharya (eds.). Mangrove of the Sundarbans, Vol. 2. IUCN, Bangladesh.

Azad, A.K., C.K. Lin & K.R. Jensen (2007). Wild shrimp larvae harvesting in the coastal zone of Bangladesh: socio-economic perspectives. Asian Fisheries Science 20: 339–357.

Bernacsek, G. & E. Haque (2001). Fishing gears of the Sundarbans (draft): Internal notes. Khulna, Bangladesh, Sundarbans Biodiversity Conservation Project, Aquatic Resources Program, Ministry of Environment and Forests, 101pp.

Bernacsek, G.M. (2001). Guide to the Finfishes of Bangladesh Sundarbans. Technical Report, 255pp.

Chaffey, D.R., F.R. Miller & K.H. Sandom (1985). A Forest Inventory of the Sundarbans, Bangladesh, Land Resources Development Centre: Surrey, UK, 196pp.

Chantarasri, S. (1994). Fisheries resources management for the Sundarbans reserved forest. In: Integrated Resource Development of the Sundarbans Reserved Forest, Bangladesh- 4th Draft Final Report, FAO/UNDP, Khulna, Bangladesh, 171pp.

Eschmeyer, W.N., R. Fricke & R.V.D. Laan (eds.) (2018). Accessed 03 October 2018

Froese, R. & D. Pauly (2018). Accessed 03 October 2018.

Habib, K.A., A.K. Neogi, J. Oh, Y.H. Lee & C.G. Kim (2018). Chelonodontops bengalensis (Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae): a new species of puffer fish from the northern Bay of Bengal based on morphology and DNA Barcode. Ocean Science Journal 54: 1–8.

Hamilton, F. (1822). An Account of The Fishes Found in The River Ganges and Its Branches. Edinburgh & London, i–vii+405pp.

Hoq, M.E. (2008). Sundarbans Mangrove: Fish & Fisheries: Ecology, Resources, Productivity and Management Perspectives. Graphic Media, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 271pp.

Huda, M.S. & M.E. Haque (2003). Field Guide to Finfishes of Sundarban. Bangladesh Forest Department, Khulna, Bangladesh, 197pp.

Hussain, M.M. (1969). Marine and estuarine fishes of the north-east part Bay of Bengal. Scientific Researches 7(1): 26–55.

IRMP (2010). Integrated Resources Management Plans for the Sundarbans. Forest Department Ministry of Environment and Forests, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 323pp.

IUCN (2018). IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Version 2018.1. . Accessed on 10 October 2018.

Khan, E. (2011). The Bangladesh Sundarbans; Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh (WTB). Dhaka, Bangladesh, 168pp.

Laan, R.V.D., W.N. Eschmeyer & R. Fricke (2014). Family-group names of recent fishes. Zootaxa 3882(1): 1–230.

Mishra, S.S. & K.C. Gopi (2017). Fish diversity of Indian Sundarban and its resource and research prospect, 23pp.

MoFL (2000). Protection and Conservation of Fish Rules, 1985 Revised 2000. Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock (MoFL), Fisheries 5 Section S.R.O. No. 287/2000.

Nelson, J.S. (2006). Fishes of the World (4th Edition). John Wiley & Sons., Hoboken, New Jersey, USA, xix+601pp.

Pal, M., S. Kar & S.S. Mishra (2014). An Overview of the Fishes of Indian Sundarbans and Their Conservation Status. Journal of Environment and Sociobiology 11(2): 171–186.

Rahman, A.K.A. (1989). Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh. Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 364pp.

Rahman, A.K.A., S.M.H. Kabir, M. Ahmed, A.T.A. Ahmed, Z.U. Ahmed, Z.N.T. Begum, M.A. Hassan & M. Khondoker (eds.) (2009). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh - Marine Fishes, Vol- 24. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 226pp.

Rashid, M.H. (2000). Report on Strengthening of Coastal and Marine Fisheries Management Project, Department of Fisheries (DoF), Matshya Bhaban, Ramna, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Roy, A.K.D. & K. Alam (2012). Participatory forest management for the sustainable management of the Sundarbans mangrove forest, American Journal of Environmental Sciences 8(5): 549–555.

Seidensticker, J. & M.A. Hai (1983). The Sundarbans Wildlife Management Plan: conservation in the Bangladesh Coastal Zone. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, 120pp.

Shah, M.S. & M.H. Hossain (2006). A checklist of fish and crustaceans of the South-west coast of Bangladesh, Khulna university studies, Special Issue, 1st Research Cell Conference, 129–140pp.

Shamsuzzaman, M.M., A.H.A. Rashid, M.A.A. Mamun, S.K. Mazumder & M.A. Haque (2005). Present Status of Marine Puffer Fishes in Bangladesh. Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development 6(10): 1–5.

Siddiqui, K.U., M.A Islam, S.M.H. Kabir, M. Ahmed, A.T.A. Ahmed, A.K.A. Rahman, E.U. Haque, Z.U. Ahmed, Z.N.T. Begum, M.A. Hasan, M. Khondker & M.M. Rahman (2007). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 23: Freshwater Fishes. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 300pp.

Spalding, M., F. Blasco & C. Field (eds.) (1997). World Mangrove Atlas. The International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, Okinawa, Japan, 323pp.

Tomlinson, P.B. (1986). The Botany of Mangroves. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 414pp.

UNESCO (2016). Updated Report of the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) on Decision 39 COM 7B.8 by the World Heritage Committee to World Heritage Center, UNESCO by Ministry of Environment and Forest, GoB, 49pp.

Most read articles by the same author(s)