An assessment of bird communities across Ujjani and its five satellite wetlands in Solapur District of Maharashtra, India

Main Article Content

Shraddha Prabhakar Karikar
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9863-1147
Subhash Vitthal Mali
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8764-2898
Kulkarni Prasad
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8239-5912
Aphale Priti
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0025-5404

Abstract

Ujjani wetland is a potential Ramsar site in Maharashtra, India with several satellite wetlands associated with it.  The present study contributes to single large or several small habitat conservation theories by assessing wetland bird communities.  Aquatic bird communities were assessed using area search and point count methods at Kumbhargaon (Ujjani), Bhadalwadi, Madanwadi, Palasdev, Pimple and Ravangaon wetlands between October 2011 and September2012.  These are representative satellite wetlands around Ujjani.  One-hundred-and-ten species of wetland birds across 12 orders and 29 families were recorded.  Out of these, 66 were resident and 44 were found to be migrants.  These birds represent 23% mudflat feeder, 16% upland feeder, 14% marsh feeder, 12% bird of prey, 11% surface feeder and fish eaters, while divers and wet meadow feeders were represented with 8.5% and 5% of the species, respectively.  Among the birds recorded, Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus, Common Pochard Aythya farina, and Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga belong to the Vulnerable category; while Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata, Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster, Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa, Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus, Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor, Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala, River Tern Sterna aurantia, and Great Thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris represent Near Threatened category on the IUCN Red List.  The presence of these bird species underlines the importance and conservation priorities of a major as well as smaller satellite wetlands.  Anthropogenic activities such as cattle grazing, fishing, sand and soil mining, land encroachment, urban development and tourism were observed as some of the threats to this wetland ecosystem as well as bird communities.


 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Karikar, S.P. , Mali, S.V., Prasad, K. and Priti, A. 2019. An assessment of bird communities across Ujjani and its five satellite wetlands in Solapur District of Maharashtra, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 11, 15 (Dec. 2019), 14989–14997. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4741.11.15.14989-14997.
Section
Communications

References

Ali, S., S.D. Ripley & J.H. Dick (1995). A Pictorial Guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Oxford University Press, 274pp.

Bedford, B.L. (1996). The need to define hydrologic equivalence at the landscape scale for freshwater wetland mitigation. Ecological Applications 6(1): 57–68.

Bibby, C.J., N.D. Burgess, D.A. Hill & S.H. Mustoe (2000). Bird Census Techniques – 2nd Edition. Academic Press, London, 302pp.

Day, W.H. & H. Edelsbrunner (1984). Efficient algorithms for agglomerative hierarchical clustering methods. Journal of Classification 1(1): 7–24.

Field, J.G. & G. McFarlane (1968). Numerical methods in marine ecology: 1. a quantitative “similarity†analysis of rocky shore samples in False Bay, South Africa. Zoologica Africana 3(2): 119–137.

Gole, P. (1993). Man-made wetlands in India: an overview, pp. 52–53. In: Wetlands and Waterfowl Conservation in South and West Asia. Proceedings of International Symposium, Karachi, Pakistan 14–20 December 1991. IWRB Special Publication No. 25, AWB Publication No. 85, IWRB, Slimbridge, United Kingdom, and AWB, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Grimmett, R., C. Inskipp & T. Inskipp (2013). Birds of the Indian Subcontinent: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and the Maldives. Bloomsbury Publishing, 528pp.

Hartzell, D., J.R. Bidwell & C.A. Davis (2007). A comparison of natural and created depressional wetlands in central Oklahoma using metrics from indices of biological integrity. Wetlands 27(4): 794–805.

Islam, M.Z. & A.R. Rahmani (2004). Important Bird Areas in India: Priority Sites for Conservation. Indian Bird Conservation Network. Bombay Natural History Society and Birdlife International (UK), 1133pp.

Islam, M.Z. & A.R. Rahmani (2008). Potential and existing Ramsar sites in India. Bombay Natural History Society, BirdLife International and Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, 592pp.

IUCN (2016). IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.3. www.iucnredlist.org. downloaded on April 2017.

Kumar, P. & S.K. Gupta (2009). Diversity and abundance of wetland birds around Kurukshetra, India. Our Nature 7: 212–217.

Kumar, P. & S.K. Gupta (2013). Status of wetland birds of Chhilchhila Wildlife Sanctuary, Haryana, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(5): 3969–3976. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3158.3969-76

Ma, Z., Y. Cai, B. Li & J. Chen (2010). Managing wetland habitats for waterbirds: an international perspective. Wetlands 30(1): 15–27.

Mahabal, A., S. Pande, P. Pandit & Ponkshe (2011). Fauna of Maharashtra, State Fauna Series, 20 (Part 1). Zoological Survey of India, 147–188.

Mitsch, W.J., J.G. Gosselink, L. Zhang & C.J. Anderson (2009). Wetland Ecosystems. John Wiley & Sons, 256pp.

Novitski, R.P., R.D. Smith & J.D. Fretwell (1996). Wetland functions, values, and assessment. National Summary on Wetland Resources. USGS Water Supply Paper 2425: 79–86.

Patten, D.T., L. Rouse & J.C. Stromberg (2008). Isolated spring wetlands in the Great Basin and Mojave Deserts, USA: potential response of vegetation to groundwater withdrawal. Environmental Management 41(3): 398–413.

Praveen, J., R. Jayapal & A. Pittie (2016). A checklist of the birds of India. Indian BIRD 11(5&6): 113–172.

Samant, J. (2002). Wetland Conservation in Maharashtra: Need, Threats and Potential. Development Research Awareness and Action Institute, Raai, Kolhapur.

Semeniuk, C.A. & V. Semeniuk (1995). A geomorphic approach to global classification for inland wetlands. In: Finlayson C.M. & A.G. van der Valk (eds.). Classification and Inventory of the World’s Wetlands. Advances in Vegetation Science, Vol. 16. Springer, Dordrecht.

Simberloff, D.S. & L.G. Abele (1976). Island biogeography theory and conservation practice. Science 191(4224): 285–286.

Therivel, R. & P. Morris (eds.). (1995). Methods of Environmental Impact Assessment. UBC Press, 236pp.

Washington, H.G. (1984). Diversity, biotic and similarity indices: a review with special relevance to aquatic ecosystems. Water Research 18(6): 653–694.

Weller, M.W. (1999). Wetland Birds: Habitat Resources and Conservation Implications. Cambridge University Press, 277pp.