Avifaunal diversity of Tilyar Lake, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Main Article Content

Jagjeet Singh
Sandeep Antil
Vivek Goyal
Vinay Malik


Avian diversity of Tilyar Lake (28.883–28.879 0N & 76.637 –76.634 0E)  located on the eastern outskirts of Rohtak, Haryana was conducted from May 2017 to April 2018.  A total of 73 avian species belonging to 62 genera and 31 families under 15 orders was observed. Order Passeriformes with 21 species in 12 families dominated the avifauna whereas orders Bucerotiformes, Podicipediformes, and Psittaciformes were poorly represented with a single species each.  Family Anatidae was the most dominant representing 13.89% (n=10) of the total species recorded.  Among the reported species 75% (n=54) were resident while 25% (n=18) were migrant.  Common Pochard Aythya ferina assessed globally as Vulnerable, while Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala, Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster and Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus are assessed as Near Threatened, whereas the rest of the species were in the Least Concern category of the IUCN Red List 2019.  The omnivorous feeding habit was shown by the maximum number of species while frugivorous and granivorous bird species were in the least numbers.  The rich avifaunal diversity of the Tilyar Lake confirms it as a suitable habitat for both resident and migrant bird species. Therefore, the present study suggests the need for incorporation of appropriate protective measures for conservation of the avian heritage of Tilyar Lake, Rohtak.

Article Details

Short Communications


Chakdar, B., P. Choudhury, & H. Singha (2016). Avifaunal diversity in Assam University Campus, Silchar, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(1): 8369–8378. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2524.8.1.8369-8378 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2524.8.1.8369-8378

Goyal, V., V. Singh, P. Devi & V. Malik (2014). Diversity of migratory birds in Ottu lake, Sirsa, Haryana, India. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India 17(2): 507–512.

Grimmett, R., C. Inskipp & T. Inskipp (2013). Birds of the Indian Subcontinent: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and the Maldives. Bloomsbury Publishing, 528pp.

Gupta, R.C. & T.K. Kaushik (2012). Description Of Avian Bio-Diversity Of Damdamma Jheel In Gurgaon District In Haryana, India. Journal of Tropical Life Science 2(3): 119–125.

Gupta, R.C. & T.K. Kaushik (2013). Discussing implications of fast depleting rural ponds on the globally threatened wetland winter migratory bird in Haryana: a Case Study of Nigdu village pond in Karnal District. Journal of Tropical Life Science 3(2): 113–119. https://doi.org/10.11594/jtls.03.02.08 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11594/jtls.03.02.08

Gupta, R.C., T.K. Kaushik & P.K. Gupta (2012). Analysis of avian-biodiversity in rural wetland environs in Panipat district in Haryana, India. Journal of Applied and Natural science 4(2): 252–257. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v4i2.259 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v4i2.259

Gupta, R.C., T.K. Kaushik & S. Kumar (2010). Evaluation of the extent of wetland birds in district Kaithal, Haryana, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science 2(1): 77–84. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v2i1.101 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v2i1.101

IUCN (2018). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-1; http://www.iucnredlist.org

Kaushik, T.K. & R.C. Gupta (2014). Deteriorating rural ponds: A threat to overseas migratory wetland birds in Kurukshetra suburbs, Haryana, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science 6(2): 570–577. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v6i2.499 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v6i2.499

Koli, V.K. (2014). Diversity and status of avifauna in Todgarh-Raoli Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity 7(4): 401–407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japb.2014.10.005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japb.2014.10.005

Kumar, P. & A. Sharma (2018). Community structure and population dynamics of wetland birds in man-made sacred wetland of Kurukshetra, Haryana, India. Environment and Ecology 36(1A): 226–231.

Kumar, P. & S.K. Gupta (2009). Diversity and abundance of wetland birds around Kurukshetra, India. Our Nature 7(1): 212–217. https://doi.org/10.3126/on.v7i1.2574 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3126/on.v7i1.2574

Kumar, P., D. Rai & S. K. Gupta (2016). Wetland Birds Assemblagein Rural Ponds of Kurukshetra, India. Waterbirds 39(1): 86–98. https://doi.org/10.1675/063.039.0111 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1675/063.039.0111

Kumar, S. & R. Dhankhar (2015). Assessment of floristic and avian faunal diversity of Bhindawas Wetland, Jhajjar (Haryana), India. Plant Archive 15(2): 733–740.

National Wetland Atlas, (2010). Haryana, SAC/RESA/AFEG/NWIA/ATLAS/15/2010, Space Applications Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad, India: 19.

Tak, P.C., J.P. Sati & A.N. Rizvi (2010). Status of waterbirds at Hathnikund Barrage wetland, Yamunanagar District, Haryana, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(4): 841–844. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2200.841-4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2200.841-4