Status, abundance, and seasonality of butterfly fauna at Kuvempu University Campus, Karnataka, India

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M.N. Harisha
B.B. Hosetti


A survey was conducted to record the diversity, status, and occurrence of butterfly species in the Kuvempu University Campus, Jnana Sahyadri, Shivamogga District, Karnataka during February 2010 to January 2011. A total of 115 species of butterflies in 77 genera, belonging to five families were recorded.  Nymphalidae comprised the highest number of species, followed by Lycaenidae, Pieridae, Papilionidae, and Hesperiidae.  The study area hosts 14 species of butterflies protected under various schedules of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.  Nine species recorded are endemic to the Western Ghats of peninsular India and Sri Lanka.  Hence there is an urgent need to protect this habitat by adapting long-term monitoring programs to manage and conserve the butterfly diversity.

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