Mammals of Tengchong Section of Gaoligongshan National Nature Reserve in Yunnan Province, China

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Fei Li
Xiang-Yuan Huang
Xing-Chao Zhang
Xing-Xi Zhao
Jian-Huan Yang
Bosco Pui Lok Chan


We conducted field surveys on the mammalian diversity in the Tengchong Section of Gaoligongshan National Nature Reserve in Yunnan Province, China, using camera trap and transect method between April 2014 and May 2018.  A total of 46 identifiable mammal species were recorded, including one new record for China and nine new species for the Tengchong County.  Of the 46 species, nine are globally threatened (three Endangered and six Vulnerable) and six are Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.  Species richness of most mammal groups in Tengchong remains high compared to similar sites in neighbouring countries; however, encounter rates for species vulnerable to high hunting pressures were quite low and large carnivores, except the Asiatic Black Bear, were either extirpated or at critically low numbers.  Future surveys should cover a wider elevation range and a variety of microhabitats to increase the probability of detecting the species not yet recorded.  To enhance the conservation value of the reserve for the diverse mammalian community, poaching and livestock grazing should be further controlled; in addition, protection and restoration of low-altitude forests should be encouraged.  Monitoring and research on selected flagship species should also be conducted.

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