Floristic diversity of Anjaneri Hills, Maharashtra, India

Main Article Content

Sanjay Gajanan Auti
Sharad Suresh Kambale
Kumar Vinod Chhotupuri Gosavi
Arun Nivrutti Chandore


High altitude plateaux are found throughout northern Western Ghats.  These plateaux harbor a great diversity of monsoon flora and endemism but are highly neglected due to the seasonality and harsh climatic conditions.  Anjaneri Hill is an important rock outcrop in northern Western Ghats.  It is the type locality of Ceropegia anjanerica.  As an attempt to make a floristic inventory of an important area, a preliminary study was undertaken.  A total of 385 flowering plants from 68 families have been reported from Anjaneri protected area in the present study, of these 114 are endemics.  Out of these 114 species, 81 are endemic to India while 33 taxa are endemic to the Western Ghats.  Anjaneri rock outcrop shows great floral diversity due to varied microhabitats.  The observations on phenology and adaptive traits were recorded.  The data on geology and geomorphology is presented in order to understand the geological nature of the rock outcrop.  Intensive study on varied microhabitat is needed for the documentation of floral diversity existing on the Anjaneri Hill.

Article Details

Author Biographies

Sanjay Gajanan Auti, Department of Botany, HPT Arts & RYK Science College, Nashik, Maharashtra 422005, India.

Associate Professor, Head, Department of Botany, HPT Arts & RYK Science College, Nashik- 422005.Maharshtra,India

Sharad Suresh Kambale, Department of Botany, Maratha Vidya Prasarak Samaj’s Arts, Commerce & Science College, Tryambakeshwar, Nashik, Maharashtra 422212, India.

Department of Botany, Assistant Professor

Kumar Vinod Chhotupuri Gosavi, Department of Botany, HPT Arts & RYK Science College, Nashik, Maharashtra 422005, India.

Assistant  Professor, Department of Botany

Arun Nivrutti Chandore, Department of Botany, Abasaheb Marathe Arts and New Commerce, Science College, Rajapur, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra 416702, India.

Assistant  Professor, Department of Botany


Bhattarai U., P. Tetali & S. Kelso (2012). Contributions of vulnerable hydrogeomorphic habitats to endemic plant diversity on the Kas Plateau, Western Ghats. SpringerPlus 1: 25. https://doi. org/10.1186/2193-1801-1-25 DOI:

Biedinger, N., S. Porembski & W. Barthlott (2000). Vascular plants on inselbergs: Vegetative and reproductive strategies, pp. 117–142. In: Porembski, S. & W. Barthlott (eds.). Inselbergs: Biotic diversity of isolated rock outcrops in tropical and temperate regions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 524pp.

Brown, R.J., S. Blake, N.R. Bondre, V.M. Phadnis & S. Self (2011). ´A´ ā lava flows in the Deccan Volcanic Province, India, and their significance for the nature of continental flood basalt eruptions. Bulletin Volcanology 73: 737–752. DOI:

Daniels, R.J.R. & J. Vencatesan (2008). Western Ghats. Rupa and Company, New Delhi 180pp.

Dehbozorgi, M., M. Pourkermani, M. Arian, A.A. Matkan, H. Motamedi & A. Hosseiniasl (2010). Quantitative analysis of relative tectonic activity in the Sarvestan area, central Zagros, Iran. Geomorphology 121: 329–341. DOI:

Joshi, V.C. & M.K. Janarthanam (2004). The diversity of life-form type, habitat preference and phenology of the endemics in the Goa region of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Biogeography 31(8): 1227–1237. DOI:

Kale, V.S. & N. Shejwalkar (2008). Uplift along the western /margin of the Deccan Basalt Province: Is there any geomorphometric evidence? Journal of Earth System Science 117(6): 959–971. DOI:

Kluge, M. & J. Brulfert (2000). Ecophysiology of vascular plants on inselbergs, pp. 143–174. In: Porembski, S. & W. Barthlott (eds.). Inselbergs: Biotic Diversity of Isolated Rock Outcrops in Tropical and Temperate Regions. Ecological studies 146. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Lakshminarasimhan, P. & B.D. Sharma (1991). Flora of Nasik District. Fl. India ser. 3, Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. 644pp.

Lekhak, M.M. & S.R. Yadav (2012). Herbaceous vegetation of threatened high altitude lateritic plateau ecosystems of Western Ghats, southwestern Maharashtra, India. Rheedea 22: 39–61.

Malpure, N.V. & S.R. Yadav (2009). Chlorophytum gothanense, a new species of Anthericaceae from the Western Ghats of India. Kew Bulletin 64: 739–741. DOI:

Malpure, N.V., M.Y. Kamble & S.R. Yadav (2006). A new species of Ceropegia L. (Asclepiadaceae) from the Western Ghats of India with a note on series Attenuatae Huber. Current Science 91(9): 1140–1142.

Panigrahy, R.K., M.P. Kale & U. Dutta (2010). Forest cover change detection of Western Ghats of Maharashtra using satellite remote sensing based visual interpretation technique. Current Science 98: 657–664.

Porembski, S. & W. Barthlott (2000). (eds.) Inselbergs - Biotic Diversity of Isolated Rock Outcrops in Tropical and Temperate Regions. Ecological studies 146. Springer, Heidelberg, 524pp.

Porembski, S., U. Becker & R. Seine (2000). Islands on islands: habitats on Inselbergs, pp49–67. In: Porembski, S. & W. Barthlott (eds.). Inselbergs - Biotic Diversity of Isolated Rock Outcrops in Tropical and Temperate Regions. Ecological studies 146. Springer, Heidelberg, 524pp.

Porembski, S., W. Barthlott, S. Dörrstock & N. Biedinger (1994). Vegetation of rock outcrops in Guinea: granite inselbergs, sandstone table mountains, and ferricretes - remarks on species numbers and endemism. Flora 189: 315–326.

Rahangdale, S.S. & S.R. Rahangdale (2014). Plant species composition on two rock outcrops from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6: 5593–5612. DOI:

Rahangdale, S.R. & S.S. Rahangdale (2018). Biodiversity of Durgawadi Plateaus. Department of Forests, Government of Maharashtra. 114pp.

Sharma, B.D., S. Karthikeya & N.P. Singh (eds.) (1996). Flora of Maharashtra State, Monocotyledons. Botanical Survey of India, Calcatta, 794pp.

Shenai, D.D., M.U. Borkar & M.K. Pejaver (2013). Comparative study of flora of three plateaus in Western Maharashtra, pp. 194–200. Proceeding National Conference on Biodiversity: Status and Challenges in Conservation. FAVEO.

Singh, N.P. & S. Karthikeyan (eds.). (2000). Flora of Maharashtra State, Dicotyledons - Volume 1. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, 898pp

Singh, N.P., P. Lakshminarasimhan, S. Karthikeyan & P.V. Prasanna (2001). Flora of Maharashtra State: Dicotyledones, Vol. 2. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, 1080pp.

Singh, N.P., K. Karthikeyan, P. Lakshminarasimhan & S.S. Dash (2015). Endemic Vascular Plants of India. Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata, xvi+339pp.

APG (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group) (2016). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181: 1–20.

Watve, A. (2007). Report of the study Plant communities on rock outcrops in Northern Western Ghats. Report submitted to Department of Science and Technology. Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, 51pp.

Watve, A. (2010). Rocky Plateaus: Special focus on Northern Western Ghats and Konkan. Western Ghats Ecology Experts Panel (WGEEP). Downloaded on 25 September 2012.

Watve, A. (2013). Status review of rocky plateaus in the northern Western Ghats and Konkan region of Maharashtra, India with recommendations for conservation and management. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(5): 3935–3962. o3372.3935-62 DOI: