Taxonomic studies on the gaudy grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphoidea: Pyrgomorphidae) from the northeastern states of India

Main Article Content

M. Imran khan
M. Kamil Usmani
Shahnila Usmani
Hira Naz


A survey of the northeastern states of India recorded 10 species representing five genera belonging to four tribes of the family Pyrgomorphidae.  For identification, in addition to conventional morphological characters, the detailed structures of male and female genitalia were also included.  All the genera studied are described.  Morphometry and distribution of each species are also given. 

Article Details

How to Cite
khan, M.I., Usmani, M.K., Usmani, S. and Naz, H. 2018. Taxonomic studies on the gaudy grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphoidea: Pyrgomorphidae) from the northeastern states of India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 10, 15 (Dec. 2018), 12953–12968. DOI:


Ajaili, A.A. & M.K. Usmani (1994). Taxonomic significance of male subgenital plate in some Libyan Grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acridoidea). Sebha University Journal, Part B 1: 5–12.

Ayyar, T.V.R. (1940). Handbook of Entomology for South India. Government Press, Madras, 1pl+xx+528pp.

Bhowmik, H.K. (1964). On a new species of Eyprepocnemis (Insecta: Orthoptera: Acrididae) from India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 32: 89–96.

Bhowmik, H.K. & P. Halder (1983). Preliminary distributional records with remarks on little known species of Acrididae (Orthoptera: Insecta) from the western Himalayas (Himachal Pradesh). Records of the Zoological Survey of India 81: 167–191.

Chopard, L. (1924a). On some cavernicolous Orthoptera and Dermaptera from Assam & Burma. Records of the Indian Museum 26: 81–92.

Chopard, L. (1924b). The fauna of an island in the Chilka Lake: the Dermaptera and Orthoptera of Barkuda Islands. Records of the Indian Museum 26: 168–191.

Dirsh, V.M. (1956a). Preliminary revision of the genus Catantops Schaun and review of the group Catantopini (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Companhia de Diamantes de Angola, Serviços Culturais Dundo-Lunda-Angola, Lisbon 28: 11–150.

Dirsh, V.M. (1956b). The phallic complex in Acridoidea (Orthoptera) in relation to taxonomy. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 108: 223–356.

Dirsh, V.M. (1957a). The spermatheca as a taxonomic character in Acridoidea (Orthoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London (A) 32: 107–114.

Dirsh, V.M. (1957b). Two new genera of Acridoidea (Orthoptera). Annals & Magazine of Natural History 10: 860–862.

Dirsh, V.M. & B.P. Uvarov (1953). Tree locusts of the genus Anacridium (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Eos Madrid 29(1): 7–69.

Herrera, L. & S. Schnidrig (1983). Andropigios de los Ortópteros de Navarra (Orthoptera). Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural (Sección Biológica) 10: 1–52.

Kevan, D.K. McE., S.S. Akbar & Y.C. Chang (1970). The concealed copulatory structures of the Pyrgomorphidae (Orth. Acridoidea), Part II - Tribes Fijipyrgini, Verduliini, Brumiiellini, Psednurini, Mitricephalini, Geloimi, Saggittacridini, Gymnohippini and Malagasphenini. Eos Madrid 45: 173–228.

Kirby, W.F. (1910). A Synonymic Catalogue of Orthoptera (Orthoptera Saltatoria). London, ix+674pp.

Kirby, W.F. (1914). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma, Orthoptera (Acridiidae) 1. London, ix+276pp.

Kumar, H., M.K. Usmani & R. Kumari (2014). Taxonomic significance of male supra-anal plate, cerci and subgenital plate in the classification of Indian Pyrgomorphidae (Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphoidea). Journal of the Entomological Research Society 16(1): 21–26.

Meinodas, K., S.A. Shafee & M.K. Usmani (1982). Taxonomic significance of spermatheca in some Indian grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 79(2): 331–335.

Slifer, E.H. & R.L. King (1936). An internal structure in the Crytacanthacridinae (Orthoptera, Acrididae) of possible taxonomic value. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 44: 345–348.

Slifer, E.H. (1939). The internal genetalia of female Acridinae, Oedipodinae and Pauliniinae (Orthoptera, Acrididae). Journal of Morphology 65: 437–470.

Slifer, E.H. (1940). The internal genetalia of female Ommexechinae and Crytacanthacridinae. Journal of Morphology 67: 199–240.

Slifer, E. H. (1943). The internal genetalia of some previous unstudied species of female Acrididae (Orthoptera). Journal of Morphology 72: 225–237.

Tandon, S.K. & M.S. Shishodia (1969). On a collection of Acridoidea (Orthoptera) from the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam Area. Oriental Insects 3(3): 265–267.

Tandon, S.K. (1976). A check-list of the Acridoidea. Records of Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper No. 3: 1–48

Tandon, S.K. & M.S. Shishodia (1989). Fauna of Orissa, State Fauna Series 1, Part 2. Zoological Survey of India, 93–145pp.

Usmani, M.K. & A.A. Ajaili (1993). Taxonomic significance of Aedeagus in some Libyan Grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acridoidea). Indian Journal of Systematic Entomology 10(1): 5–10.

Usmani, M.K. & S.A. Shafee (1985). A new species of the genus Ramakrishnaia I. Bolivar (Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphidae) from India. International Journal of Entomological Research 27(3): 204–207.

Uvarov, B.P. (1925). Grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) from the Mount Everest. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 16(9): 165–173.

Uvarov, B.P. (1929). Acrididen (Orthoptera) aus Sud-Indien. Revue suisse de Zoologie 36: 533–563.