Main Article Content
The Jungle Babbler Turdoides striata is an agriculturally important, non-endemic bird found throughout India, however, very little information is available regarding this less known/less studied speciesâ€™ current distribution and population size.Â The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evaluated the species as â€˜Least Concernâ€™, however, increasing anthropogenic stressors adversely impact the speciesâ€™ natural habitat; and the changing climatic variables could affect its geographical range, population and ecology.Â An online survey was conducted during 2014â€“2015 (targeting 232 ornithological forums comprising of over 4,00,000 members) to obtain information on the speciesâ€™ location, and number of individuals in each social group in India.Â The reported sites were verified during 2016â€“2017 by visiting the individual locations.Â A total of 3,030 individual birds forming 400 social groups were recorded from 24 states and union territories of India.Â This novel study utilized public participation as an important data collection tool for the species, which has a reportedly large distribution range.Â Importantly, the findings of this study contribute to the existing baseline information on the non-endemic bird species of India.Â
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27126.96.36.19953-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Andrews, D., B. Nonnecke & J. Preece (2003). Electronic survey methodology: A case study in reaching hard to involve Internet Users. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction 16: 185â€“210.
Bharucha, B. & G.S. Padate (2010). Assessment of beneficial role of an insectivorous bird, Jungle Babbler (Turdoides striatus) predation, on Helicoverpa armigera infesting Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) crop. Acta Agronomica 59: 228â€“235.
Bhavna, B. & P. Geeta (2010). Histological and histomorphometric study of gametogenesis in breeders and helpers of sub-tropical, co-operative breeder Jungle Babbler, Turdoides striatus. Journal of Cell and Animal Biology 4: 81â€“90.
BirdLife International (2016). Turdoides striata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T103871402A94493697. Downloaded on 24 March 2017; http://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-
Bonney, R., C.B. Cooper, J. Dickinson, S. Kelling, T. Phillips, K.V. Rosenberg & J. Shirk (2009). Citizen Science: a developing tool for expanding science knowledge and scientific literacy. BioScience 59: 977â€“984.
Bonter, D.N. & C.B. Cooper (2012). Data validation in citizen science: a case study from Project FeederWatch. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 305â€“307.
Brossard, D., B. Lewenstein & R. Bonney (2005). Scientific knowledge and attitude change: the impact of a citizen science project. International Journal of Science Education 27: 1099â€“1121.
Cohn, J.P. (2008). Citizen Science: Can Volunteers Do Real Research? BioScience 58: 192.
Collar, N. & C. Robson (2018). Jungle Babbler (Turdoides striata). In: del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D.A. Christie & E. de Juana (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59556 on 30 January 2018).
Dickinson J.L., J. Shirk, D. Bonter, R. Bonney, R.L. Crain, J. Martin, T. Phillips & K. Purcell (2012). The current state of citizen science as a tool for ecological research and public engagement. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 291â€“297.
Gaston, A.J. (1977). Social behaviour within groups of Jungle Babblers (Turdoides Striatus). Animal Behaviour 25:828â€“848.
Gupta, N., R. Raghavan, K. Sivakumar & V.B. Mathur (2014). Freshwater Fish Safe Zones (FFSZs): a prospective conservation strategy for river ecosystems in India. Current Science 107: 949â€“950.
Gupta, N., S.D. Bower, S.J. Cooke, A.J. Danylchuk & R. Raghavan (2016). Practices and attitudes of Indian catch-and-release anglers: identifying opportunities for advancing the management of recreational fisheries. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(4): 8659â€“8665; http://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2410.8.4.8659-8665
Jiguet, F., V. Devictor, R. Julliard & D. Couvet (2012). French citizens monitoring ordinary birds provide tools for conservation and ecological sciences. Acta Oecologica 44: 58â€“66.
Laurance, W.F. (2010). Habitat destruction: death by a thousand cuts, pp. 73â€“87. In: Sodhi, N.S. & P.R. Ehrlich (eds.). Conservation Biology for All. Oxford University Press, 360pp.
Lazar, J. & J. Preece (1999). Designing and implementing web-based surveys. Journal of Computer Information Systems 39: 63â€“67.
Lepczyk, C.A. (2005). Integrating published data and citizen science to describe bird diversity across a landscape. Journal of Applied Ecology 42: 672â€“677.
Mccaffrey, R.E. (2005). Using Citizen Science in Urban Bird Studies. Urban Habitats 3: 70â€“86.
Morin, X. & W. Thuiller (2009). Comparing niche- and process-based models to reduce prediction uncertainty in species range shifts under climate change. Ecology 90: 1301â€“1313.
Oppermann, M. (1995). E-mail surveys: potentials and pitfalls. Marketing research 7: 28.
Silvertown, J. (2009). A new dawn for citizen science. Trends in
Ecology and Evolution 24: 467â€“471.
Tulloch, A.I.T., H.P. Possingham, L.N. Joseph, J. Szabo & T.G. Martin (2013). Realising the full potential of citizen science monitoring programs. Biological Conservation 165: 128â€“138.
Zhang, Y. (2000). Using the internet for survey research: A case study. Journal of the American Society for Information Science 51: 57â€“68.