Status distribution and feeding habit of Wild Boar Sus scrofa (Mammalia: Artiodactyla: Suidae) in Pench Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, India

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Shaheer Khan
Orus Ilyas


The Wild Boar Sus scrofa is omnivorous, serves as the prey base for large carnivores, performs the role of a natural scavenger, and is often involved in crop raiding.  The species is included in Schedule V of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, meaning hunting of the species may be allowed by the Chief Wildlife Warden in instances where individuals of the species are considered dangerous to human life or property.  Faecal samples of Wild Boar in Pench Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, India, were collected from January to June 2013 to assess the distribution of Wild Boar in Karmajhiri range.  The density of Wild Boar in Sapath and Tikadi beat was 25.5±0.29 and 23.9±0.33 per hectare, respectively, and was the lowest in Teliya at 1.6±0.05 per hectare.  Sixteen different beats were sampled and surveyed to understand the diet of Wild Boar during the winter season.  Ingested items included stones, roots, grass, fruits and seeds, hairs, earthworms, flowers, and green plant material.  Out of these, the most frequent item was grass, followed by roots and stones.

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Author Biographies

Shaheer Khan, Department of Wildlife Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University, Qila Road, Fort Enclave, Firdaus Nagar, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202001, India

Shaheer Khan did his masters in Wildlife Sciences from Aligarh Muslim University, followed by an M.Phil. on the ecology of wild boar in Pench Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh. Presently, he is working as Senior Research Fellow in Wildlife Institute of India, and is pursuing his Ph.D. on “Indian gray wolves in Human Dominated Landscape of Maharashtra: Movement, space use and foragingâ€.

Orus Ilyas, Department of Wildlife Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University, Qila Road, Fort Enclave, Firdaus Nagar, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202001, India

Dr. Orus Ilyas, is working as Assistant Professor in the Department of Wildlife Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202202, She is working on different aspects of Ungulates community of Uttaranchal Himalayas as well as Central highlands. She has worked on different projects funded by DST-Fast track, DST-SERB, UGC, CSIR, WWF-India, Wildlife SOS, CAPART etc. She is also an Asia coordinator of Deer Specialist group of SSC/IUCN.  


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