Main Article Content
Bird communities in Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary in the northern Western Ghats were studied using line transect and point count methods from the year 2011 to 2013.Â The updated checklist of birds at the Sanctuary is now represented by 164 bird species.Â The present study reported 35 new records to the area, while 15 earlier reported bird species were not observed.Â Overall, 55 insectivorous, 19 omnivorous, 14 granivorous, nine piscivorous, eight frugivorous, eight carnivorous and six nectarivorous species were observed.Â Out of these, 98 were residents, 17 winter visitors, three vagrant visitors and one was summer migrant.Â Four restricted range species were recorded from the Sanctuary as Nilgiri Wood Pigeon Columba elphinstonii, Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus, White-bellied Blue Flycatcher Cyornis pallipes and Crimson-backed Sunbird Leptocoma minima.Â Human activities such as pruning, cutting, grazing, fires, quarrying, trailing and camping were also reported in and around the Sanctuary.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27184.108.40.20653-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Bibby, C.J. (1999). Making the most of birds as environmental indicators.Â OstrichÂ 70(1): 81â€“88; http://doi.org/10.1080/00306525.1999.9639752
Bibby, C.J., N.D. Burgess, D.A. Hill & S.H. Mustoe (2000). Bird Census Techniques - Second Edition. Academic Press, London, 302pp.
Birdlife International (2018). Endemic birds areas factsheet: Western Ghats. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/03/2018.
Champion, H.G. & S.K. Seth (1968). A Revised Survey of the Forest Types of India. Government of India Publication, Delhi, 404pp.
Das, K.S.A. (2008).Â Bird community structure along the altitudinal gradient in Silent Valley National Park, Western Ghats, India. PhD Thesis. Bharathiar University, Coimbatore.
Datar, M.N. (2016). Floristic diversity and effect of anthropogenic activities on human-dominated grasslands in subtropical regions of peninsular India.Â Tropical Grasslands-Forrajes TropicalesÂ 4(1): 8â€“18.
Grimmett, R., C. Inskipp & T. Inskipp (2011). Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 528pp.
IUCN (2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3.
Jayson, E.A. & D.N. Mathew (2003). Vertical stratification and its relation to foliage in tropical forest birds in Western Ghats (India). Acta ornithologica 38(2): 111â€“116; http://doi.org/10.3161/068.038.0207
Morelli, F., L. Jerzak & P. Tryjanowski (2014). Birds as useful indicators of high nature value (HNV) farmland in Central Italy. Ecological Indicators 38: 236â€“242; http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.11.016
Padhye, A.D., M. Paingankar, N. Dahanukar & S. Pande (2007). Season and landscape element wise changes in the community structure of avifauna of Tamhini, northern Western Ghats, India. Zoosâ€™ Print Journal 22(9): 2807â€“2815; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.1706.2807-15 Â
Pande, S. (2003).Â Birds of Western Ghats, Kokan & Malabar. Oxford University Press, 371pp.
Potdar, G., C. Salunkhe & S. Yadav (2012).Â Grasses of Maharashtra. Shivaji University, Kolhapur, 655pp.
Vijayan, L. & V. Gokula (2006). Human impacts on forest bird communities in the Western Ghats, India. Acta Zoologica Sinica 52(Supplement): 692â€“696.