An ethnomycological survey of Jaunsar, Chakrata, Dehradun, India

Main Article Content

Manoj Kumar
N.S.K. Harsh
Rajendra Prasad
Vijay Vardhan Pandey


The indigenous people in Chakrata have an immense knowledge of edible and poisonous mushrooms.  In the present study the use of mushroom in culinary practices was surveyed among three communities, viz., the natives: Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Scheduled Caste; and Nepali immigrants.  The Brahmins & Kshatriyas showed a narrow range of consumption of mushrooms while the Nepalis showed the widest range of consumption.  Medicinal and religious uses were reported by the scheduled caste.  A total of 63 mushrooms were recorded from the study area.  The knowledge of edible as well as medicinal uses of fungi is at risk in this region as the younger generation is not willing to learn this traditional knowledge.  In the present study most of the youths were excluded at the end as they did not gave much information.

Article Details

Short Communications
Author Biography

Manoj Kumar, Forest Pathology Division, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, Utarakhand 248006, India

RA, Forest Pathology Division


Adhikari, M.K., S. Devkota & R.D. Tiwari (2005). Ethnomycolgical knowledge on uses of wild mushrooms in western and central Nepal. Our Nature 3: 13–19.

Ammirati, J.A., J.A. Traquair & P.A. Horgen (1985). Poisonous Mushrooms of the northern United States and Canada. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 122pp.

Aneja, K.R. (2007). Experiments in Microbiology, Plant Pathology and Biotechnology (IV edition). New Age International (P) Limited Publishers New Delhi, 632pp.

Arora, D. (1986). Mushrooms Demystified: A Comprehensive Guide to the Fleshy Fungi (2nd edition). Ten Speed Press, Berkeley.

Ayodele, S.M., E.O. Akpaja & Y. Adamu (2011). Some edible and medicinal mushrooms of Igala land inNigeria, their sociocultural and ethnomycological uses. International Journal of Science and Nature 2(3): 473–476.

Benjamin, D.R. (1995). Mushrooms: Poisons and Panaceas - A Handbook for Naturalists, Mycologists and Physicians. WH Freeman and Company, New York, 422pp.

Bertelsen, C.D. (2013). Mushroom: A Global History (Edible). Reaktion Books, 153pp.

Bisht, N.S. & N.S.K. Harsh (1987). Problems and prospects of mushroom cultivation in Kumaun, pp. 732–746. In: Pangtey, Y.P.S. & S.C. Joshi (eds.). Western Himalaya - Environment, Problem & Development. Gyanodaya Prakashan, Nainital.

Bratton, J.H. (2003). Habitat management to conserve fungi: a literature review. CCW Science Group Report No. 03/10/1, 19pp.

Davis, K. (1965). The urbanization of the human population. Scientific American 213(3): 4–53.

Ferchak, J.D. & J. Croucher (1996). Prospects and problems in commercialization of small scale mushroom production in South and South East Asia, pp. 321–329. In: Proceedings of Second International Conference on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products.

Garibay-Orijel, R., A. Ramírez-Terrazo & M. Ordaz-Velázquez (2012). Women care about local knowledge, experiences from ethnomycology. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 8: 1–25.

Groves, J.W. (1964). Poisoning by Morels when taken with alcohol. Mycologia 56: 779–780.

Haberl, B., R. Pfab, S. Berndt, C. Greifenhagen & T. Zilker (2011). Case series: Alcohol intolerance with coprine-like syndrome after consumption of the mushroom Lepiota aspera (Pers.:Fr.) Quél., 1886 (Freckled Dapperling). Clin Toxicol (Phila) 49: 113.

Harsh, N.S.K., B.K. Rai & S.S. Ayachi (1993). Forest fungi and tribal economy – a case study in Baiga tribe of Madhya Pradesh (India). Journal of Tropical Forestry 9: 270–279.

Kiwitt, U. & H. Laatsch (1994). “Coprin in Boletus torosus: Beruht die angebliche lkoholunverträglichkeit durch den Verzehr des Netzstieligen Hexenröhrlings (Boletus luridus) auf einer Verwechslung?†[Coprine in Boletus torosus: Is the alleged alcohol hypersensitivity by ingestion of B. luridus caused by a mistake?] (PDF). Zeitschrift für Mykologie (in German) 60(2): 423–30.

Lampman, A.M. (2004). Tzeltal ethnomycology: naming, classification and use of mushrooms in the highlands of chiapas, mexico. PhD Thesis. The University of Georgia, 383pp.

Michelot, D. (1992). “Poisoning by Coprinus atramentariusâ€. Natural Toxins 1(2): 73–80.

Powell, S. (2013). “They eat what? A cultural encyclopedia of weird and exotic food from around the Worldâ€. Reference Reviews 27(3): 15–16.

Roberts, P. & S. Evans (2011). The Book of Fungi. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 545pp.

Rotheroe, M. (1998). Wild fungi and the controversy over collecting for the pot. British Wildlife 9: 349–356.

Semwal, K.C., S.L. Stephenson, V.K. Bhatt & R.P. Bhatt (2014). Edible mushrooms of the north-western Himalaya, India: a study of indigenous knowledge, distribution and diversity. Mycosphere 5(3): 440–461.

Shaffer, R.L. (1965). “Poisoning by Pholiota squarrosaâ€. Mycologia 57(2): 318–319.

Zeitlmayr, L. (1976). Wild Mushrooms: An Illustrated Handbook. Garden City Press, Hertfordshire, 102pp.