Winter food habits of the Golden Jackal Canis aureus (Mammalia: Carnivora: Canidae) in Patna Bird Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Khursid A. Khan
Jamal A. Khan
Narendra Mohan


Golden Jackal (Canis aurius indicus) survives in a wide range of environment. Its foraging adaptation varies according to quality and abundance of food sources. The food habits also fluctuate according to season and habitat. This study investigated the diet composition of Golden Jackal using scat analysis method collected between November 2012 and April 2013 from Patna Bird Sanctuary (PBS), Uttar Pradesh, India. A total of 83 scats of Golden Jackal were collected and analysed. Sixteen food items were identified in Golden Jackal scats. Birds contributed maximum (ca. 38.92%) in Golden Jackal diet followed by rodents (ca. 12.14%), insects (ca. 8.92%), reptile (ca. 8.57%), vegetative matter (ca. 13.56%), rufous-tailed hare (ca. 6.07%), cattle (ca. 2.5%), squirrel (ca.1.42%), nilgai (ca.1.07%) and common palm civet (ca. 0.71 %). However (ca. 6.07 %) of prey items could not identified in Golden Jackal scats. Out of (ca. 38.92%) in bird’s contribution egret alone contributed about (ca.20.35%) in Golden Jackal diet followed by gargeny (ca. 8.93%), greater caucal (ca. 5.71%), babbler (ca.1.07%) and (ca. 2.85%) remains of birds were could not identified as per species level. This study is conducted to find out food habits of Golden Jackal and its impact on bird community structure.     

Article Details

Author Biographies

Khursid A. Khan, Department of Wildlife Science, Tar Bungalow, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202002, India

Khursid Alam Khan is a PhD scholar and currently working in Dachigam National Park, Kashmir has completed his masters and MPhil degree in Wildlife sciences Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. 

Jamal A. Khan, Department of Wildlife Science, Tar Bungalow, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202002, India

Dr. Jamal A. Khan is a renowned wildlife scientist, Professor and Head of Department in wildlife science, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. 

Narendra Mohan, Wildlife Institute of India, Chandrabani, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 248001, India

Narendra Mohan is junior research fellow in Wildlife Institute of India Dehradun.


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