Conservation status assessment and new population record of the threatened Golden Himalayan Spike Phlomoides superba (Royle ex Benth.) Kamelin & Makhm. from Jammu & Kashmir, India

Main Article Content

Amber Srivastava
Yash Pal Sharma
O.P. Sharma Vidyarthi
Sunil Kumar Srivastava


This paper deals with distribution and conservation status of the Golden Himalayan Spike Phlomoides superba (Royle ex Benth.) Kamelin & Makhm. (syn. Eremostachys superba Royle ex Benth.), an endangered herb in India. A new locality report from Jammu & Kashmir along with population status in previously reported localities of occurrence of this species is also provided. Since the species is reported from a very few localities in India and is facing critical threats in the wild, the addition of a new locality holds significance in terms of its declining population status.

Article Details

How to Cite
Srivastava, A., Sharma, Y.P., Vidyarthi, O.S. and Srivastava, S.K. 2017. Conservation status assessment and new population record of the threatened Golden Himalayan Spike Phlomoides superba (Royle ex Benth.) Kamelin & Makhm. from Jammu & Kashmir, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 9, 4 (Apr. 2017), 10089–10095. DOI:
Short Communications
Author Biography

Yash Pal Sharma, Department of Botany, University of Jammu, Jammu-180006

Professor and Head

Department of Botany

University of Jammu



Chowdhery, H.J. & B.M. Wadhwa (1984). Flora of Himachal Pradesh. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Duthie, J.F. (1903–29). Flora of the Upper Gangetic Plain and of the

Adjacent Siwalik and sub-Himalayan Tracks. Reprinted Edition. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India.

Garg, A. & R.R. Rao (1997). Observations on the reproductive biology of endangered Eremostachys superba (Labiatae). Proceedings of Indian National Science Academy B63(142): 79–88.

IUCN (2016). Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 12. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions Subcommittee. ( Guidelines).

Jain, S.K. & A.R.K. Sastry (1980). Threatened Plants of India. A State-of-the-Art Report. Botanical Survey of India, Howrah (India).

Jain, S.K. & A.R.K. Sastry (1984). The Indian Plant Red Data Book - I. Botanical survey of India, Howrah, 90pp.

Koul, A.K., R. Mangotra & S. Verma (1997). Is Eremostachys superba Royle ex. Benth. really at the verge of extinction? Current Science 73: 313–314.

Mukherjee, S.K. (1940). ‘Records of the Botanical Survey of India’. Vol. XIV. Calcutta.

Pant, S. & V.S. Pant (2011). Status and conservation management strategies for threatened plants of Jammu and Kashmir. Journal of Phytology 3: 50–56.

Panwar, G.S. (2014). Tricotyledony in critically endangered herb Eremostachys superba Royle ex Benth. (Lamiaceae). Indian Forester 140: 1265–1266.

Panwar, G.S., L.I. Chanu, S.K. Srivastava & K. Ambrish (2014). A note on SEM studies of leaf, pollens and seeds of the Eremostachys superba Royle ex Benth.: a critically endangered medicinal herb. Indian Forester 140: 302–305.

Panwar, G.S. & S.K. Srivastava (2015). Seed germination and seed storage behavior of Eremostachys superba: an endangered Medicinal and ornamental herb of India. Indian Forester 141: 762–765.

Panwar, G.S., S.K. Srivastava & P.L. Uniyal (2015). In vitro propagation of Eremostachys superba Royle ex Benth. - an endangered, medicinal and ornamental herb of north-west Himalaya. Medicinal Plants 7: 264–271.

Pundir, Y.P.S. (2015). Is Eremostachys superba Royle ex Benth. endangered now? Creative Grove, 83pp.

Rao, R.R. & A. Garg (1994). Can Eremostachys superba be saved from extinction? Current Science 67: 80–81.

Samant, S.S., S. Pant, M. Singh, M. Lal, A. Singh, A. Sharma & S. Bhandari (2007). Medicinal plants in Himachal Pradesh, north-western Himalaya, India. International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management 3: 234–251.

Sharma, B.M. & P. Kachroo (1981). Flora of Jammu and Plants of Neighbourhood. Bishen Singh & Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun.

Som, D. (1968). A plant Eremostachys superba, Royle in danger of extinction. Cheetal 11: 63–64.

Uniyal, S.K., O. Prakash & B. Lal (2012). Relocating Eremostachys superba Royle ex Benth. in Himachal Pradesh. Current Science 103: 467–468.

Verma, S., R. Magotra & A.K. Koul (2003). Restoration of Eremostachys superba Royle ex Benth. - a Critically Endangered species. Current Science 84: 1307–1308.

Verma, S., J.L. Karihaloo, S.K. Tiwari, R. Magotra & A K. Koul (2007). Genetic diversity in Eremostachys superba Royle ex Benth. (Lamiaceae), an endangered Himalayan species, as assessed by RAPD. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 54: 221;

Ved, D.K., G.A. Kinhal K. Ravikumar, V. Prabhakaran, U. Ghate, R. Vijayashankar & J.H. Indresha (2003). Conservation Assessment & Management Prioritisation for the Medicinal Plants of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh & Uttaranchal: Shimla CAMP Report. FRLHT. Bangalore.

Most read articles by the same author(s)