The status of the Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum (Gmelin, 1789) (Aves: Passeriformes: Sturnidae) in Southeast Asia

Main Article Content

Soe Naing
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1863-0572
Nah Lah Pwai Paw
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5063-4157
Beatrix Lanzinger
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1740-8259
Pipat Soisook
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1404-3568
Malcolm J. Pearch
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6344-5184
Paul J.J. Bates
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3630-739X

Abstract

To date, the status of the Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum, in Southeast Asia has been unclear.  The origins of the few reported sightings, where commented upon, have often been listed as ‘uncertain’ or ‘unknown’ with the implication that some, maybe all, are escaped captivity birds.  The current paper brings together data on distribution, date of observation, and number of individuals to illustrate a pattern that clearly supports the view that records from Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore should be treated as ‘winter vagrants’.  With one exception, they are all of five birds or less and have been observed from October to March.  The paper includes the first authenticate record from Myanmar, which is the 1115th wild bird species listed for the country.  However, the status of a single record from Cambodia is treated with caution since it represents a considerable range extension and was observed on 01 April, which is relatively late in the season.  For these reasons, it is here listed as ‘origin uncertain’ until further data are available. 

 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Naing, S., Paw, N.L.P., Lanzinger, B., Soisook, P., Pearch, M.J. and Bates, P.J. 2016. The status of the Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum (Gmelin, 1789) (Aves: Passeriformes: Sturnidae) in Southeast Asia. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 8, 13 (Nov. 2016), 9574–9578. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2803.8.13.9574-9578.
Section
Short Communications
Author Biographies

Soe Naing, Zoology Department, Myeik University, Myeik, Myanmar

Lecturer, Zoology Department, Myeik University, Myanmar. Special interest Myanmar bird diversity, ecology and behaviour.

Nah Lah Pwai Paw, Zoology Department, Myeik University, Myeik, Myanmar

Professor Head of Department, Zoology Department, Myeik University, Myanmar.

Beatrix Lanzinger, Harrison Institute, Bowerwood House, 15 St Botolph's, Sevenoaks, Kent, TN13 3AQ, UK

Project Manager (Myanmar), Harrison Institute, Bowerwood House, 15 St Botolph's, Sevenoaks, Kent, TN13 3AQ, UK.

Pipat Soisook, Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Natural History Museum, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songhkla Province, Thailand

Curator of Zoology (mammals and birds), Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Natural History Museum, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand.

Malcolm J. Pearch, Harrison Institute, Bowerwood House, 15 St Botolph's, Sevenoaks, Kent, TN13 3AQ, UK

Trust Manager and Researcher, Harrison Institute, Bowerwood House, 15 St Botolph's, Sevenoaks, Kent, TN13 3AQ, UK.

Paul J.J. Bates, Harrison Institute, Bowerwood House, 15 St Botolph’s Road, Sevenoaks, Kent, TN13 3AQ, UK

Director, Harrison Institute, Bowerwood House, 15 St Botolph's, Sevenoaks, Kent, TN13 3AQ, UK.

References

Anonymous (2015). Northern Windfall (17.1.2015). http://penangbirder.blogspot.co.uk/2015/01/northern-windfall-17012015.html. Downloaded on 14 December 2015.

BCST (2012). Records Round-up, 1 September to mid-December 2012. http://www.bcst.or.th/?p=1350&lang=en. Downloaded on 14 December 2015.

BCST (2015a). Records Round-up. http://www.bcst.or.th/?page_id=647&lang=en. Downloaded on 14 December 2015.

BCST (2015b). Records Round-up December 2014 – February 2015. http://www.bcst.or.th/?p=3999&lang=en. Downloaded on 14 December 2015.

BCST (2015c). Records Round-up March to mid-May, 2015. http://www.bcst.or.th/?p=4020&lang=en. Downloaded on 14 December 2015.

Birdforum (2015). Brahminy Starling. http://www.birdforum.net/opus/Brahminy_Starling.

Downloaded on 21 December 2015.

BirdLife International (2012). Sturnus pagodarum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T22710864A39689872. Downloaded on 14 December 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012-

RLTS.T22710864A39689872.en

BirdLife International (2016). Species factsheet: Sturnus pagodarum. Downloaded on 31 October 2016.

Blyth, E. (1875). Catalogue of mammals and birds of Burma - Part II. Journal of the Asiatic Society i-xxiv+167pp.

Dig Deep (2015). Malaysian birding - always asking, always learning. Chuping, Perlis, 14 February 2015. https://digdeep1962.wordpress.com/page/3/. Downloaded on 21 December 2015.

eBird (2002a). Taweewat Supindham Checklist S26944500. http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S26944500 Downloaded on 31 October 2016.

eBird (2002b). Taweewat Supindham Checklist S26944555. http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S26944555 Downloaded on 31 October 2016.

eBird (2007). Howie Nielsen Checklist Checklist S25948828 http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S25948828 Downloaded on 31 October 2016.

eBird (2011a). John Alexander Checklist S24612161 http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S24612161 Downloaded on 31 October 2016.

eBird (2011b). Wich’yanan “Jay†Limparungpattanakij Checklist S25948828. http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S23026231 Downloaded on

October 2016.

eBird (2011c). Khemthong Tonsakulrungruang Checklist S7814537. http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S7814537 Downloaded on 31 October 2016.

eBird (2012a). Richard Dunn Checklist S25726346 http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S25726346 Downloaded on 31 October 2016.

eBird (2012b). David Beadle Checklist S12331933. http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S12331933 Downloaded on 31 October 2016.

eBird (2012c). Nick Upton Checklist S12486050. http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S12486050 Downloaded on 31 October 2016.

eBird (2016). Dirk Tomsa Checklist S31590757. http://ebird.org/ebird/australia/view/checklist/S31590757 Downloaded on 31 October 2016.

Farrar, C.D. (1901). Successful breeding of the pagoda mynah. Avicultural Magazine 7: 197–9.

Gmelin, J.F. (1789). Caroli a Linné, systema naturae. 1(2): 501–1032.

Lekagul, B. & P.D. Round (2005). A Guide to the Birds of Thailand. Saha Karn Bhaet Group, Bangkok, Thailand, 457pp.

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum charateribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. 10(1): 1–824.

Oates, E.W. (1883). A Handbook to the Birds of British Burma, including those found in the Adjoining State of Karennee - Volume 1. R.H Porter, London, i-xxx+431pp.

Ollington, R.F. & E. Loh (1999). The Birdline Singapore 1995. Singapore Bird Report, Singapore. Privately circulated.

Robson, C. (2008, 2014). A Field Guide to the Birds of Thailand and South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers, UK. 544pp.

Smithies, B.E. (1986). The Birds of Burma. Nimrod Press, UK and Silvio Mattacchione & Co., Canada, 432pp.

Wells, D.R. (2007). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula - Vol. 2. Passerines. Christopher Helm, London, 800pp.

Zuccon, D., E. Pasquet & P.G.P. Ericson (2008). Phylogenetic relationships among Palearctic-Oriental Starlings and Mynas (genera Sturnus and Acridotheres: Sturnidae). Zoologica Scripta 37(5): 469–481.