Odonata (Insecta) diversity of southern Gujarat, India

Main Article Content

Darshana M. Rathod
B M. Parasharya
S. S. Talmale


The diversity of the Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) was studied in seven districts of southern area of Gujarat State in India during 2014 to 2015.  A total of 55 species belonging to two suborders and 37 genera under eight families were recorded.  A total of 18 species of Zygoptera (damselflies) and 37 species of Anisoptera (dragonflies) were recorded.  Dang and Navsari districts were surveyed intensively and a maximum of 47 and 35 species were recorded respectively, whereas the districts that were surveyed less intensively, i.e., Bharuch (26), Valsad (21), Surat (29), Narmada (25) and Tapi (27) had comparatively low species richness.  Thirty-two species are being reported for the first time from southern Gujarat, raising the total list of odonates to 60.  Fifteen species namely, Lestes elatus Hagen in Selys, 1862; Elattoneura nigerrima (Laidlaw, 1917); Dysphaea ethela Fraser, 1924; Paracercion malayanum (Selys, 1876); Pseudagrion spencei Fraser, 1922; Burmagomphus laidlawi- Fraser, 1924; Cyclogomphus ypsilon Selys, 1854; Microgomphus torquatus (Selys, 1854); Onychogomphus acinaces (Laidlaw, 1922); Hylaeothemis indica Fraser, 1946; Lathrecista asiatica (Fabricius, 1798); Rhodothemis rufa (Rambur, 1842); Tramea limbata (Desjardins, 1832); Trithemis kirbyi Selys, 1891 and Zyxomma petiolatum Rambur, 1842 are recorded for the first time from Gujarat State raising the number of odonates of Gujarat State to 80 species. 


Article Details

Short Communications


Adu, B.W., E.O. Akindele & A.A. Obadofin (2015). Composition and distribution of Dragonflies and Damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) in Iloyin Forest, Akure, Southwestern Nigeria. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies & Management 8(5): 517–529; http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejesm.v8i5.5

Asana, J.J. & S. Makino (1935). A comparative study of the chromosomes In the Indian dragonflies. Journal of the Faculty of Science Hokkaido Imperial University Series VI. Zoology 4(2): 67–86.

Babu, R., K.A. Subramanian & S. Nandy (2013). Endemic Odonates of India, Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper No. 347. Director, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 60pp.

Bhatt, G.D., S.P.S. Kushwaha & K. Bargali (2014). Remote sensing and GIS tools used to analyse the floristic diversity in southern Gujarat. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering & Technology 3(12): 18165–18176.

Champion, H.G. & S.K. Seth (1968). A Revised Survey of the Forest Types of India. Government of India, Delhi, 404pp.

Edegbene, A.O., F.O. Arimoro, O. Odoh & E. Ogidiaka (2015). Effect of anthropogenicity on the composition and diversity of aquatic insects of a municipal river in north central Nigeria. Biosciences Research in Today’s World 1(1): 55–66.

Emiliyamma, K.G. & K.A. Subramanian (2013). Insecta: Odonata, pp. 81–84. In: Fauna of Karnataka, State Fauna Series 21. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata.

Emiliyamma, K.G., C. Radhakrishnan & M.J. Palot (2005). Pictorial Handbook on Common Dragonflies and Damselflies of Kerala. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 67pp.

Fraser, F.C. (1933, 1934, 1936). The Fauna of British- India Including Ceylon and Burma, Odonata. Vol. 1, 2, 3. Taylor & Francis Ltd., London.

Gandhi, N. (2012). Study of terrestrial birds with special reference to insects as their food base around three reservoirs in Southern Gujarat, PhD Thesis in Zoology, M. S. University of Baroda, Vadodara, India.

IUCN (2015). IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.4. . Downloaded on 09 March 2016.

Kiran, C.G. & D.V. Raju (2013). Dragonflies and Damselflies of Kerala: A Bilingual Photographic Field Guide. Tropical Institute of Ecological Sciences (TIES), Velloor P.O., Kottayam, Kerala, India, 158pp.

Koparde, P., P. Mhaske & A. Patwardhan (2014). New records of dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(5): 5744– 5754; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3402.5744–5754.

Koparde, P., P. Mhaske & A. Patwardhan (2015). Habitat correlates of odonata species diversity in the northern Western Ghats, India. Odonatologica 44(1): 21–43.

Laidlaw F.F. (1922). A list of the dragonflies recorded from the Indian Empire with special reference to the collection of the Indian Museum. Part V. The Subfamily Gomphinae. Records of the Indian Museum XXIV: 367–414.

Nair, M.V. (2011). Dragonflies & Damselflies of Orissa and Eastern India. Wildlife Organisation, Forest & Environment Department, Government of Orissa, 252pp.

Parasharya, B.M., R.V. Vyas & B.H. Patel (2011). First authentic record of Regal Parachute Spiders Poecilotheria regalis Pocock, 1899 and further comments on the distribution of Theraphosidae spiders from Gujarat State, India. Journal of the British Tarantula Society 26(2): 55–62.

Patel, B.H. (2003). Spiders of Vansda National Park, Gujarat. Zoos’ Print Journal 18(4): 1079–1083; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT. ZPJ.18.4.1079-83

Prasad, M. (2004). Insecta: Odonata, pp. 19–40. In: Director-ZSI (ed.). Fauna of Gujarat. State Fauna Series, 8 (Part 2). Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata.

Rohmare, V.B., D.M. Rathod, S.G. Dholu, B.M. Parasharya & S.S. Talmale (2015). An inventory of Odonates of Central Gujarat, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(11): 7805–7811; http://dx.doi. org/10.11609/JoTT.o4292.7805-11

Sharma, G. (2009). Studies and status of damselflies and dragonflies (Odonata: Insecta) of arid and semi-arid regions of India. Hexapoda 16(1): 36–39.

Shull, E.M. & N.T. Nadkerny (1967). Insects attracted to mercury vapour lamp in the Surat Dangs, Gujarat State. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 64(2): 256–266.

Siliwal, M., B. Suresh & B. Pilo (2003). Fauna of protected areas – 3: Spiders of Purna Wildlife Sanctuary, Dangs, Gujarat. Zoos’ Print Journal 18(11): 1259–1263; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT. ZPJ.18.11.1259-63

Singh, H.S. (1998). Wildlife of Gujarat (Wildlife and Protected Habitats of Gujarat State). Gujarat Ecological Education & Research Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.

Subramanian, K.A. (2007). Endemic odonates of the Western Ghats: Habitat distribution and conservation, pp. 257–271. In:

Tyagi, B.K. (ed.). Odonata: Biology of Dragonflies. Scientific Publishers (India), Jodhpur.

Subramanian, K.A. (2009). Dragonflies of India - A Field Guide. Vigyan Prasar, Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, 168pp.

Subramanian, K.A. (2014, version 2.0). A Checklist of Odonata (Insecta) of India. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, India, 31pp.

Subramanian, K.A., F. Kakkassery & M.V. Nair (2011). The status and distribution of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) of the Western Ghats, pp. 63–72.

Molur, S., K.G. Smith, B.A. Daniel & W.R.T. Darwall (comp.). The Status & Distribution of Freshwater Biodversity in the Western Ghats, India. IUCN, Cambridge, UK and Glad, Switzerland & Zoo Outreach Organization, Coimbatore, India, viii+115pp.

Tiple, A.D. & P. Koparde (2015). Odonata of Maharashtra, India with notes on species distribution. Journal of Insect Science 15: 1–10; http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/iev028

Vyas, R.V. (2004). Herpetofauna of Vansda National Park, Gujarat. Zoos’ Print Journal 19(6): 1512–1514; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/ JoTT.ZPJ.1036.1512-4.