Estimating the density of Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus (Galliformes: Phasianidae) in the tropical forest of Similipal Tiger Reserve, eastern India

Main Article Content

Himanshu S. Palei
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7783-7587
Hemanta K. Sahu
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1250-0347
Anup K. Nayak
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7789-8192

Abstract

To determine population status of wild animal using reliable sampling techniques forms an important component of conservation effort and effective wildlife management.  We estimated the density of Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus using distance sampling, a quantitatively robust technique, in Similipal Tiger Reserve, Odisha, eastern India during September 2012 to May 2013.  We laid 27 transects and walked seven to eight times for a total of 390km to obtain the distance sampling data.  We used DISTANCE software for analysis. We estimated per km2 Red Junglefowl group density as 4.99 and density as 7.64 birds in the intensive study area.  Mean group size of Red Junglefowl was 1.48.  Our results may prove helpful in planning better management needs and strategies for the survival and conservation of Red Junglefowl in different protected areas.

 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Palei, H.S., Sahu, H.K. and Nayak, A.K. 2016. Estimating the density of Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus (Galliformes: Phasianidae) in the tropical forest of Similipal Tiger Reserve, eastern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 8, 2 (Feb. 2016), 8495–8498. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2571.8.2.8495-8498.
Section
Short Communications

References

Ali, S. & S.D. Ripley (1983). Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 737pp.

Arshad, M.I., M. Zakaria, A.S. Sajap & A. Ismail (2000). Food and feeding habits of Red Junglefowl. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 3(6): 1024–1026; http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2000.1024.1026

BirdLife International (2012). Gallus gallus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. . Downloaded on  11 November 2014; http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012-1.RLTS.T22679199A40112723.en

Borah, J., K. Deka, S. Dookia & R.P. Gupta (2009). Food habits of Dholes (Cuon alpinus) in Satpura Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, India. Mammalia 73: 85–88; http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/MAMM.2009.024

Buckland, S.T., D.R. Anderson, K.P. Burnham, J.L. Laake, D.L. Borchers & L. Thomas (2001). Introduction to Distance Sampling. Oxford University Press, London, 361pp.

Champion, H.G. & S.K. Seth (1968). A Revised Survey of the Forest Types of India. Manager of publications, Govt. of India Press, New Delhi.

Collias, N.E. & E.C. Collias (1967). A field study of the Red Jungle Fowl in north-central India. The Condor 69: 360–389.

Dutta, S.K., M.V. Nair, P.P. Mohapatra & A.K. Mahapatra (2009). Amphibians and Reptiles of Similipal Biosphere Reserve. Regional Plant Resource Centre, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India, v+177pp.

Fernandes, M., Mukesh, S. Sathyakumar, R. Kaul, R.S. Kalsi & D. Sharma (2009). Conservation of Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus in India. International Journal of Galliformes Conservation 1: 94–101.

Harihar, A. & M. Fernandes (2011). Estimating the seasonal densities of Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus and Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus in the northern Indian deciduous forests of Chilla Range, Rajaji National Park. International Journal of Galliformes Conservation 2: 31–35.

Hayward, M.W., W. Jedrzejewski & B. Jêdrzejewska (2012). Prey preferences of the tiger Panthera tigris. Journal of Zoology 286: 221–231; http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2011.00871.x

Mohapatra, P.P., H.S. Palei & S.A. Hussain (2014). Occurrence of Asian Small-clawed Otter Aonyx cinereous (Illiger, 1815) in eastern India. Current Science 107(3): 367–370.

Nair, M.V. (2007). On the occurrence of Jerdon’s Baza Aviceda jerdoni in Simlipal Tiger Reserve, with some observations on behaviour and vocalization. Indian Birds 3(2): 61–62.

Nair, M.V. (2010). Thick-billed Green-Pigeon Treron curvirostra in Similipal Hills, Orissa: an addition to the avifauna of peninsular India. Indian Birds 6(1): 19–20.

Nair, M.V. (2011). Three new butterfly records for peninsular India: Dusky Yellow-breasted Flat Gerosis phisara (Moore) (Hesperiidae), Common Gem Poritia hewitsoni Moore (Lycaenidae) and Great Nawab Polyura eudamippus (Doubleday) (Nymphalidae) from Similipal Hills, Odisha, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(3): 1624–1628; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2635.1624-8

Narasimmarajan, K., B. Barman & L. Puia (2012). Population density and group size of the Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii in the Melghat Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra, central India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(7): 2723–2726; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2821.2723-6

Palei, H.S., T. Pradhan, H.K. Sahu & A.K. Nayak (2015). Estimating mammalian abundance using camera traps in the tropical forest of Similipal Tiger Reserve, Odisha, India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, 1–8pp; http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12595-015-0143-x

Peterson, A.T. & I.L. Brisbin (1998). Genetic endangerment of wild Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus. Bird Conservation International 8: 387–394.

Prusty, B.C. & L.A.K. Singh (1996). Trend of population of Tiger and Leopard in Similipal Tiger Reserve: a conservation concern. Indian Forester 122(10): 865–868.

Ramesh, N., M.C. Sathyanarayana & H. Lloyd (2011). Abundance of grey junglefowl Gallus sonneratii at Theni Forest Division, Western Ghats, India: implications for monitoring and conservation. International Journal of Galliformes Conservation 2: 14–21.

Ray, G.C. (2005). Geography of Orissa. Kitab Mahal, Cuttack, 324pp.

Rockwood, L.L. (2006). Introduction to Population Ecology. Blackwell Publishing, USA.

Rodgers, W.A. & H.S. Panwar (1988). Planning a Wildlife Protected Area Network in India- 2 Vols. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.

Sahoo, D., H.K. Sahu, S.K. Dutta & H.S. Upadhyay (2012). Sighting of Red-necked Keelback (Rhabdophis subminiatus) in Similipal Tiger Reserve, Orissa, India. Tiger Paper 39(1): 31–32.

Saxena, H.O. & M. Brahmam (1989). The Flora of Similipal Hills, Orissa. Regional Research Laboratory, Bhubaneswar, 231pp.

Selvan, K.M. & N. Sridharan (2012). Grey Junglefowl Gallus Son­neratii (Galliformes: Phasianidae) in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2328–2329; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2538.2328-9

Sinha, B.N. (1971). Geography of Orissa. India-Land and the People Series. National Book Trust, India, New Delhi, 351pp.

Srivastava, S.S. & L.A.K. Singh (1997). Monitoring of precipitation and temperature in Similipal Tiger Reserve. In: Tripathy, P.C. & S.N. Patro (eds.). Similipal: A Natural Habitat of Unique Biodiversity. Orissa Environmental Society, Bhubaneswar.

Srivastava, S.S. & L.A.K. Singh (2001). Elephants in Similipal : History, Status, Issues, Techniques and Biological Notes on Elephants. Volume - I. Similipal Tiger Reserve, Baripada, Mayurbhanj, Orissa, 200pp.

Subhani, A., M.S. Awan, M. Anwar, U. Ali & N.I. Dar (2010). Population Status and Distribution Pattern of Red Jungle Fowl (Gallus gallus murghi) in Deva Vatala National Park, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan: A Pioneer Study. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 42(6): 701–706.

Sullivan, M.S. (1991). Individual and social behaviour of Red Junglefowl. Journal of World Pheasant Association 15 & 16: 57–72.

Thomas, L., S.T. Buckland, E.A. Rexstad, J.L. Laake & S. Strindberg (2010). Distance software: design and analysis of distance sampling surveys for estimating population size. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 5–14; http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01737.x

Williams, B.K., J.D. Nichols & M.J. Conroy (2002). Analysis and Management of Animal Populations. 1st edition. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.