Status and diversity of snakes (Reptilia: Squamata: Serpentes) at the Chittagong University Campus in Chittagong, Bangladesh

Main Article Content

M. F. Ahsan
I. K.A. Haidar
M. M. Rahman


A study was conducted on the status and diversity of snakes of the Chittagong University Campus (CUC) between September 2013 and December 2014, and on preserved snake specimens of museums of CUC (Department of Zoology, University of Chittagong; Institute of Marine Sciences and Fisheries, University of Chittagong; and Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, University of Chittagong).  Thirty-six species of snakes belonging to 22 genera and five families (Typhlopidae, Pythonidae, Colubridae, Elapidae and Viperidae) were recorded from CUC during the study period. Colubridae comprised the highest (24 species i.e., 66.67%) number of species and Pythonidae the lowest (1 species). Checkered Keelback Xenochrophis piscator was the most common snake and the rarest was the Bengalese Kukri Snake Oligodon dorsalis belonging to the family Colubridae.  Among venomous snakes Banded Krait Bungarus fasciatus was the most common snake and Black Krait Bungarus niger was the most rare.  Their status in CUC has been assessed.


Article Details

Short Communications


Ahmad, N. (1968). An Economic Geography of East Pakistan. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 401pp.

Ahsan, M.F. (1998). Country reports for Bangladesh - Herpetofauna of Bangladesh: present status, distribution and conservation, pp. 9–17. In: Biology and Conservation of the Amphibians, Reptiles and Their Habitats in South Asia. (Silva, A de eds.). Proceedings of the International Conference on the Biology and Conservation of the Amphibians and Reptiles of the South Asia, Sri Lanka, August 1–5, 1996. Amphibia and Reptile Research Organization of Sri Lanka, Kandy.

Asmat, G.S.M. & M.A. Hannan (2007). Checklist of Wild Animals of Bangladesh. Gazi Publishers, Dhaka, 292pp.

Goin, J.C. & O.B. Goin (1971). Introduction to Herpetology - 2nd Edition. W. H. Freeman & Company, San Francisco, 353pp.

Hossain, M.S., S. Muhammad, A.A. Mamun & S.M.S. Haque (2013). Patch weeding on success of plantation in Chittagong University. Bangladesh Research Publication Journal 9(2): 75–78.

Husain, K.Z. (1977). Bangladesher banayanjontu shampad O tar sangrakshan (Wild animals of Bangladesh and their conservation) (in Bengali). Bangla Academy Bijnan Patrica 3(3): 1–11.

Islam, A.T.N.T., H.S.S. Chowdhury, A.K.M.M. Hoque & S.A. Malik (1979). Detailed Soil Survey Chittagong University Campus, Chittagong 1974 [Preliminary Edition (S.M. Saheed, (ed.))]. Department of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dacca. 207pp+iii.

Kabir, S.M.H., M. Ahmad, A.T.A. Ahmed, A.K.A. Rahman, Z.U. Ahmad, Z.N.T. Begum, M.A. Hassan & M. Khondker (eds.) (2009). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh - Vol. 25. Amphibians and Reptiles. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 204pp.

Khan, D.R. (2010). Wildlife of Bangladesh - A Checklist (from Amphibia to Mammalia with Bengali Names). Shahitya Prakash, Dhaka, 128pp.

Khan, M.A.R. (1982). Wildlife of Bangladesh - A checklist. The Dhaka University Press, Dhaka, 174pp.

Khan, M.A.R. (1987). Bangladesher Banaya Prani (Wildlife of Bangladesh) - Vol. 1. (in Bengali) Bangla Academy, Dhaka, 169pp.

Khan, M.A.R. (1992). Bangladesher Shap (Snakes of Bangladesh) (in Bengali). Bangla Academy, Dhaka, 227pp.

Khan, M.M.H. (2008). Protected Areas of Bangladesh - A Guide to Wildlife. Nishorgo Program, Bangladesh Forest Department, Dhaka, 304pp.

Montaquim, M.A. (1979). Snakes of several districts of Bangladesh. MSc Thesis (Unpublished), University of Dhaka, Dhaka, 63pp+Vpls.

Montaquim, M.A., A.H. Sarkar, M.A.R. Khan & K.Z. Husain (1980). List of the snakes of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 8(2): 127–129.

Parvin, S. (1999). On some snakes of Chittagong. MSc thesis (Unpublished) University of Chittagong, Chittagong, 188pp.

Rashid, S.M.A. (1982). On some snakes of Bangladesh with notes on their habit, habitat, status and distribution. MSc Thesis (Unpublished). University of Dhaka, Dhaka, xv+108pp.

Sarker, M.A.H. (1975). Snakes of Bangladesh. MSc Thesis (Unpublished). University of Dhaka, Dhaka, xii+70pp.

Sarker, M.S.U. & M.L. Hossain (1997). Ecological study on the wildlife resources of coastal islands and their conservation. The Journal of Noami 14(1&2): 39–54.

Sarker, M.S.U. & N.J. Sarker (1985). Reptiles of Bangladesh (with their status, distribution and habitat). Tigerpaper XII(2): 6–12.

Sarker, M.S.U. & N.J. Sarker (1988). Wildlife of Bangladesh (A Systematic List with Status, Distribution and Habitat). The Rico Printers, Dhaka, 69pp.

Uetz, P. & J. Hošek (eds.) (2015). The Reptile Database. Accessed on 31 August 2014.