Using environmental niche modeling to find suitable habitats for the Hard-ground Barasingha in Madhya Pradesh, India

Main Article Content

C. P. Singh
J. S. Chauhan
J. S. Parihar
R. P. Singh
R. Shukla

Abstract

The subspecies of Swamp Deer, the Hard-ground Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii branderi Pocock), is presently found only in Kanha Tiger Reserve (KTR) in Madhya Pradesh, India. This subspecies is highly vulnerable to extinction, and reintroduction in suitable sites is the need of the hour.  Environmental niche models (GARP, SVM, ED, CSM) aimed at providing a detailed prediction of species distribution by relating presence of species to 19 bioclimatic indices were developed, using swamp deer occurrence records in KTR. The predictions were appropriately weighted with the prevailing LU/LC classes to identify suitable habitats in Madhya Pradesh, India. The result shows that the southern region of Madhya Pradesh is suitable for the sustenance of Barasingha with varying degrees of habitability. Vicarious validation shows that most of these forest areas were the same as that of historical records dating back to 50 years. However, land use maps can help identify areas where this subspecies can be reintroduced.

 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Singh, C.P., Chauhan, J.S., Parihar, J.S., Singh, R.P. and Shukla, R. 2015. Using environmental niche modeling to find suitable habitats for the Hard-ground Barasingha in Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 7, 11 (Sep. 2015), 7761–7769. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3899.7761-9.
Section
Communications
Author Biographies

C. P. Singh, EPSA, Space Applications Centre, ISRO, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380015, India

C.P. Singh is a Scientist in Environment and Hydrology Division of Space Applications Centre, ISRO, Ahmedabad, India and he has more than a decade of experience on environmental research using satellite inputs and modeling. Apart from wildlife management, ecosystem modeling his research interests also includes climate change impact on alpine ecosystem and forest fire detection using remote sensing technologies. He is an active member of various professional societies in the field of GIS, remote sensing and modeling. 

 

J. S. Chauhan, Kanha Tiger Reserve, Mandla, Madhya Pradesh 481661, India

J.S. Chauhan, Field Director of Kanha Tiger Reserve, India and an officer of the 1987 batch of the Indian Forest Service. Besides being an able administrator and managing several technical forestry entities, he has shown commendable foresight in the conservation of the endangered Hard-ground Barasingha at Kanha by taking special conservation initiatives. His efforts have resulted in positive trends in the tiger population in KTR. He has supervised the Asiatic Lion Re-introduction Project in Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary and also provided support for conservation of aquatic ecosystem and Great Indian Bustard. He has been honoured with the “Wildlife Service Award†by the ABN AMRO, Sanctuary Asia for his services to wildlife conservation.

 

J. S. Parihar, EPSA, Space Applications Centre, ISRO, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380015, India

J.S. Parihar, retired on superannuation as Deputy Director and Outstanding Scientist from Space Applications Centre, ISRO and is currently Prof. Satish Dhawan Professor at SAC, ISRO, Ahmedabad, India. He is working with ISRO since 1974. He has contributed significantly in the development of remote sensing applications in the field of agriculture which led to formation of Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC), New Delhi, India. He has been instrumental in setting up satellite based Agro-meteorological System (AMS) networks in India for monitoring energy and mass exchange in vegetative systems. He has been recipient of many awards including ISRO outstanding performance award, Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Award from ICAR and Bhaskara award from ISRS. His interest in wildlife conservation has brought some of the early applications of remote sensing in the field of wildlife and corridor modeling.

R. P. Singh, EPSA, Space Applications Centre, ISRO, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380015, India

R.P. Singh is Head of EHD at SAC, ISRO, Ahmedabad, India and leading the team of specialists in the field of environmental modeling. He has been actively involved in various segments of environmental, agriculture and planetary applications being carried by ISRO using Indian earth observation systems since 1991. His contributions are notable in the field of biophysical parameter retrieval of vegetative systems. He is associate fellow of the Gujarat Science Academy and recipients of awards from Indian Society of Remote Sensing.

 

R. Shukla, Kanha Tiger Reserve, Mandla, Madhya Pradesh 481661, India

Rakesh Shukla is Research Officer of the KTR, India. He is a professional forester and wildlife manager of the State Forest Service.  He is PhD in wildlife ecology and involved in full time research, monitoring and management planning at KTR. He has over 25 years’ experience of service in wildlife protected areas. He has co-authored the previous as well as the current decadal Tiger Conservation Plans for the protected area. He has authored decadal Tiger Conservation Plans, technical documents, research papers on wildlife ecology and articles on wildlife conservation in magazines.

 

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