Main Article Content
Hunting is suggested as a major threat to Indian wildlife, especially in the northeastern states. In Nagaland hunting has a traditional and cultural significance, which should be taken into consideration by conservation efforts.Â Limited information is available on this issue, and in order to establish a baseline for efforts aimed at education and implementation of conservation programmes, in this study we investigated various aspects of hunting practices in Chizami Village, Nagaland.Â Our study involved general voting by 868 people and detailed interviews of 80 hunters, and explores the demography of hunters, hunting areas, hunting preference for season and animals, methods of hunting, reasons for hunting and willingness to cease hunting.Â Our results indicate that education could be an important primer for initiating biological conservation efforts in Chizami and other areas.Â
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27220.127.116.1153-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Aiyadurai, A. (2011). Wildlife hunting and conservation in Northeast India: a need for an interdisciplinary understanding. International Journal of Galliformes Conservation 2: 61â€“73.
Aiyadurai, A., N.J. Singh & E.J. Milner-Gulland (2010). Wildlife hunting by indigenous tribes: a case study from Arunachal Pradesh, north-east India. Oryx 44: 564â€“572; http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0030605309990937
Bhupathy, S., S.R. Kumar, P. Thirumalainathan, J. Paramanandham & C. Lemba (2013). Wildlife exploitation: a market survey in Nagaland, North-eastern India. Tropical Conservation Science 6: 241â€“253.
Census of India (2011). http://www.censusindia.gov.in/%28S%28pneeuk45prkheozewtdcnm2c%29%29/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=285651. Accessed on 15 November 2014.
Choudhury, A. (2001). Some bird records from Nagaland, north-east India. Forktail 17: 91â€“103.
Choudhury, A. (2005). Significant Record of Birds in Nagaland, north-east India. Forktail 21: 187â€“190.
Choudhury, A. (2006). The distribution and status of Hoolock Gibbon, Hoolock hoolock, in Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland in northeast India. Primate Conservation 20: 79â€“87; http://dx.doi.org/10.1896/0898-618.104.22.168
Datta, A., M.O. Anand & R. Naniwadekar (2008). Empty forests: Large carnivore and prey abundance in Namdapha National Park, north-east India. Biological Conservation 141: 1429â€“1435; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2008.02.022
Hammer, Ã˜., D.A.T. Harper & P.D. Ryan (2001). PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica 4: 1â€“9.
Harrison, R.D. (2011). Emptying the forest: hunting and the extirpation of wildlife from tropical nature reserves. BioScience 61(11): 919â€“924; http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/bio.2011.61.11.11
Kamins, A.O., O. Restif, Y. Ntiamoa-Baidu, R. Suu-Ire, D.T.S. Hayman, A.A. Cunningham, J.L.N. Wood & J.M. Rowcliffe (2011). Uncovering the fruit bat bushmeat commodity chain and the true extent of fruit bat hunting in Ghana, West Africa. Biological Conservation 144(12): 3000â€“3008;
Kothari, A. & N. Pathak (2006). Protected areas,community basedconservation and decentralisation: Lessons from India. A report prepared for theEcosystems, Protected Areas, and People
Project (EPP) of the IUCNWorld Commission on Protected Areas. http://kalpavriksh.org/images/CCA/Consultation/Report_CCAsEcosystemsProtectedAreasPeopleProject%20%28EPP%29IUCNWorldCommission_April2006.pdf (accessed on 14 June 2015)
Kumara, H.N. & M. Singh (2004). The influence of differing hunting practices on the relative abundance of mammals in two rainforest areas of the Western Ghats, India. Oryx 38: 321â€“327; http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0030605304000560
Lohe, K. (2011). Naga Village: A Sociological Study. EBH Publishers, Guwahati, India, 286pp.
Mittermeier, R.A., P.R. Gil, M. Hoffman, J. Pilgrim, T. Brooks, C.G. Mittermeier, J. Lamoreux & G.A.B. da Fonseca (2005). Hotspots Revisited: Earthâ€™s Biologically Richest and Most Endangered Terrestrial Ecoregions. Cemex, Mexico, 392pp.
Naro, T. & S. Sondhi (2014). Butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Chizami, Phek District, Nagaland, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(13): 6593â€“6634; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3995.6593-634
Nasi, R., A. Taber & N.V. Vliet (2011). Empty forests, empty stomachs? Bushmeat and livelihoods in the Congo and Amazon Basins. International Forestry Review 13(3): 355â€“368; http://dx.doi.org/10.1505/146554811798293872
Selvan, K.M., G.G. Veeraswami, B. Habib & S. Lyngdoh (2013). Losing threatened and rare wildlife to hunting in Ziro Valley, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Current Science 104: 1492â€“1495
Sethy, J. & N.P.S. Chauhan (2012). Conservation status of Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus) in Nagaland State, North-East India. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology 1: 103â€“109.
Shikhu, I.Y. (2007). A Rediscovery and Rebuilding of Naga Cultural Values: An Analytical Approach with Special Reference to Maori. Regency Publications, New Delhi, 255p.
Srivastava, A. (2006). Conservation of Threatened Primates of Northeast India. Primate Conservation 20: 107â€“113; http://dx.doi.org/10.1896/0898-622.214.171.124
Thopi, K. (2005). Chizami and neighbouring villages, Phek. http://www.kalpavriksh.org/images/CCA/Directory/Nagaland_CaseStudy_ChizamiandneighbouringVgesPhek.pdf. Accessed on 15 November 2014.
Tynsong, H., B.K. Tiwari & M. Dkhar (2012). Bird hunting techniques practised by War Khasi community of Meghalaya, North-east, India. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 11: 334â€“341.
Velho, N. & W.F. Laurance (2013). Hunting practices of an Indo-Tibetan Buddhist tribe in Arunachal Pradesh, north-east India. Oryx 47: 389â€“392; http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0030605313000252
Welman, F. (2011). Out of Isolation: Exploring a Forgotten World. Booksmango, 512p.