Diversity and new records of intertidal hermit crabs of the genus Clibanarius (Crustacea: Decapoda: Diogenidae) from Gujarat coast off the northern Arabian Sea, with two new records for the mainland Indian coastline

Main Article Content

Pradip Kachhiya
Jatin Raval
Paresh Poriya
Rahul Kundu


The present study reports seven hermit crab species of the genus Clibanarius, viz., C. infraspinatus, C. longitarsus, C. rhabdodactylus, C. rutilus, C. signatus, C. virescens, and C. zebra, from the intertidal zone of Gujarat State on the west coast of India.  With the exception of C. zebra, the remaining six species are the first records from the west coast of India, and two species, C. rutilus and C. rhabdodactylus are new records from mainland India.  All the recorded species were found inhabiting rocky, sandy and muddy intertidal habitats.  We have appended the diagnostic descriptions and live coloration of all species based on the observations of our voucher specimens.  Comments are provided where they differ slightly from the published records of that species, enriching the available identification keys for the intertidal hermit crabs of the Indian Ocean.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kachhiya, P., Raval, J., Poriya, P. and Kundu, R. 2017. Diversity and new records of intertidal hermit crabs of the genus Clibanarius (Crustacea: Decapoda: Diogenidae) from Gujarat coast off the northern Arabian Sea, with two new records for the mainland Indian coastline. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 9, 6 (Jun. 2017), 10334–10339. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2268.9.6.10334-10339.
Short Communications
Author Biographies

Pradip Kachhiya, Department of Biosciences Saurashtra University RAJKOT - 360 005 Gujarat State

Junior Research Fellow, UGC-CAS, Govt. Of India

Jatin Raval, Department of Biosciences Saurashtra University RAJKOT - 360 005 Gujarat State

Assistant Professor, Bhakta Kavi Narsinh Mehta University, Junagadh, Gujarat, India

Paresh Poriya, Department of Biosciences Saurashtra University RAJKOT - 360 005 Gujarat State

Teaching Assistant, Department of Marine Science, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar-364002, Gujarat, India

Rahul Kundu, UGC-CAS Department of Biosciences Saurashtra University RAJKOT - 360 005 Gujarat State, INDIA

Professor, Zoology, UGC-CAS Department of Biosciences


Alcock, A. (1901). A descriptive catalogue of the Indian deep-sea Crustacea Decapoda Macrura and Anomala, in the Indian Museum. Being a revised account of the deep-sea species collected by the royal Indian marine survey ship Investigator. Part II. Anomala or Anomura. Indian Museum, Calcutta, 1–5: 1–286.

Alcock, A. (1905). Anomura. Fasc. I. Pagurides. Catalogue of the Indian Decapod Crustacea in the Collection of the Indian Museum. F.R.S. Calcutta: Printed by Order of the Trustees of the Indian Museum. http://doi.org/10.1080/00222930709487239

Apel, M. (2001). Taxonomie und Zoogeographie der Brachyura, Paguridea und Porcellanidae (Crustacea: Decapoda) des Persisch-Arabischen Golfesâ€. PhD Thesis, Johann Wolfgang Göthe University, Frankfurt am Main, 161pp.

Ball, E.E. & J. Haig (1972). Hermit crabs from eastern New Guinea. Pacific Science 26: 87–107.

Chopra, B. & K.N. Das (1940). Further notes on Crustacea Decapoda in the Indian Museum. On two species of hermit crabs from Karachi. Records of the Indian Museum 42(1): 145–150.

De Haan, W. (1833–1850). Crustacea, pp. 243. In: von Siebold, P.F. (ed.). Fauna Japonica sive Descriptio Animalium, quae in Itinere per Japoniam, Jussu et Auspiciis Superiorum, qui Summum in India Batava Imperium Tenent, Suscepto, Annis 1823–1830 Collegit, Notis, Observationibus et Adumbrationibus Illustravit. Lugduni- Batavorum. Leiden, i-xxxi, ix-xvi, 243pp, Plates A-J, L-Q, 1-55.

Dana, J.D. (1852). Crustacea. Part II. In: United States Exploring Expedition During the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 Under the Command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N., 13(2): 689–1618.

Desai, A.Y. & A.P. Mansuri (1989). Salinity and desiccation tolerance of hermit crab of Veraval, West coast of India. Indian Journal of Current Biosciences 8: 129–132.

Fize, A. & R. Serene (1955). Les pagures du Vietnam. Institut Océanographique, Nhatrang, 45: i–ix +228pp.

Forest, J. (1953). Crustacés Décapodes Marcheurs des îles de Tahiti et des Tuamotu. I. Paguridea. Bulletin du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle 25(2): 441–450.

Heller, C. (1861). Beiträge zur Crustaceen-Fauna des rothen Meers, II. Teil. Sitzungs-Berichte der Mathematisch-Physikisch Klasse der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschafte, Wien, 44: 241–295.

Hilgendorf, F. (1869). Crustaceen, pp. 69–116. In: van der Decken, C.C. (ed.). Reisen in Ost-Afrika in dem Jahren 1859–1865.

Hogarth, P.J. (1988). Anomuran Crustacea (Paguridea, Porcellanidae, and Hippidae) from Oman, principally from Dhofar Province, southern Oman. Journal of Natural History 22(4): 1095–1110.

Hogarth, P.J. (1989). The Marine Crustacea of Dhofar, Southern Oman. Journal of Oman Studies 10: 99–124.

Kachhiya, P. (2014). Diversity, distribution and Ecological status of Hermit crabs in coastal Kathiawar Peninsula, Gujarat, India. MPhil Thesis. Saurashtra University, Rajkot, India, 113pp.

Kamalaveni, S. (1950). On hermit-crabs (Family Paguridae) in the collection of the Indian Museum. Records of the Indian Museum 47: 77–85.

Khan, S.A. & R. Natarajan (1984). Hermit crabs of Porto Novo Coast. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Miscellaneous Publication Occasional Paper 67: 1–25.

Komai, T., R. Reshmi & A. Bijukumar (2013). A new species of the hermit crab genus Diogenes (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae) from southern India. Zootaxa 3613(4): 380–390.

Krauss, F. (1843). Die Südafrikanischen Crustaceen. Eine Zusammenstellung aller bekannten Malacostraca. Bemerkungen über deren Lebensweise und geographische Verbreitung, nebst Beschreibung und Abbildung mehrerer neuen Arten. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, 68pp.

Lemaitre, R. (1999). Crustacea Decapoda: A review of the species of the genus Parapagurus Smith, 1879 (Parapaguridae) from the Pacific and Indian Oceans, pp. 303–378. In: Crosnier, A. (ed.), Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM. Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle , Paris, 382pp.

Lemaitre, R. (2014). A worldwide taxonomic and distributional synthesis of the genus Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Parapaguridae), with descriptions of nine new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 62: 210­–301.

Lewinsohn, C.H. (1982). Researches on the coast of Somalia. The shores and dunes of Sar Uanle. 33. Diogenidae, Paguridae and Coenobitidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Paguridae). Monitore Zoologico Italiano, Italian journal of Zoology 2: 35-68.

McLaughlin, P.A. (2002). A review of the hermit-crab (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguridea) fauna of southern Thailand, with particular emphasis on the Andaman Sea, and descriptions of three new species. Phuket Marine Biology Center, Special Publication 23: 385–460.

McLaughlin, P.A., D.L. Rahayu, T. Komai & T.Y. Chan (2007). A Catalog of the Hermit Crabs (Paguroidea) of Taiwan. Keelung Place, National Taiwan Ocean University, Taiwan, 143pp.

McLaughlin, P.A., T. Komai, R. Lemaitre & D.L. Rahayu (2010). Annotated checklist of anomuran decapod crustaceans of the world (exclusive of the Kiwaoidea and families Chirostylidae and Galatheidae of the Galatheoidea) Part I - Lithodoidea, Lomisoidea and Paguroidea. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 23: 5–107.

Miers, E.J. (1884). Crustacea, pp. 262–297 In: Report on the Zoological Collections Made in the Indo-Pacific Ocean During the Voyage of H.M.S. Alert (1881–1882).

Miyake, S. (1956). Invertebrate fauna of the intertidal zone of the Tokara Islands, XIII Anomura. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 3: 303–337.

Moradmand, M. & A. Sari (2007). Littoral hermit crabs (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea) from the Gulf of Oman, Iran. Iranian Journal of Biosystematics 3: 25–36.

Morgan, G.J. (1987). Hermit crabs (Decapoda, Anomura; Coenobitidae, Diogenidae, Paguridae) of Darwin and Port Essington, Northern Australia. The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Science 4(1): 165–186.

Naderloo, M., M. Majid, A. Sari & M. Turkay (2012). An annotated check list of hermit crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura) of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman with five new records and an identification key to the North Indian Ocean genera. Zoosystematics and Evolution 88(1): 63–70.

Poupin, J., M. Bouchard, V. Dinhut, R. Cleva & J. Dumas (2013). Anomura (Crustacea Decapoda) from the Mayotte region, western Indian Ocean. Atoll Research Bulletin 59(3): 24–47.

Rahayu, D.L. (1999). Descriptions of two new species of hermit crabs Clibanarius rubroviria and C. rutilus (Crustacea: Decapoda Anomura: Diogenidae) from Indonesia. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 47(2): 299–307.

Rahayu, D.L. (2007). The hermit crabs Paguristes Dana, 1851 s.l. (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Diogenidae) from the western Indian Ocean. Zoosystema 29(3): 515–534.

Ramesh, S., S.S. Samipillai & R. Elangomathavan (2009). Habitat Diversity Of Hermit Crab Clibanarius longitarsus (De Haan) in Vellar Estuary, Southeast Coast of India. Recent Research in Science and Technology 1(4): 161–168.

Ravinesh, R. & A. Bijukumar (2013). Case Study from Kerala Coast India. Indian Journal of Geo Marine Sciences 42: 223­–235.

Siddiqui, F.A. & Q.B. Kazmi (2003). Check list of marine anomurans (Crustacea: Decapoda) of Pakistan, northern Arabian Sea. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 1: 88–89.

Siddiqui, F.A., Q.B. Kazmi & P.A. McLaughlin (2004). Review of the Pakistan species of Diogenes Dana, 1851 (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguridea: Diogenidae). Tropical Zoology 17: 155–200.

Siddiqui, F.A & P.A. McLaughlin (2003). A new species of the hermit crab genus Diogenes (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea: Diogenidae) from Pakistan, with a comparative diagnosis of D. guttatus Henderson, 1888. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 116: 956–966.

Simoes, N., M. Apel & D.A. Jones (2001). Intertidal habitats and decapod faunal assemblage (Crustacea: Decapoda) of Socotra Island, Republic of Yemen. Hydrobiologia 44(9): 81–97.

Thomas, M.M. (1989). On a collection of hermit crabs from the Indian waters. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 31: 59–79.

Tirmizi, N.M. & F.A. Siddiqui (1982). The Marine Fauna of Pakistan: 1. Hermit Crabs (Crustacea, Anomura). University Grants Commission, University of Karachi, Islamabad, 103pp.

Vaghela, A. & R. Kundu (2012). Spatio-temporal variation of hermit crab (Crustacea: Decapoda) inhabiting rocky shore along Saurashtra coast, western coast of India. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences 41: 146–151.