Indirana salelkari, a new species of leaping frog (Anura: Ranixalidae) from Western Ghats of Goa, India

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Nikhil Modak
Neelesh Dahanukar
Ninad Gosavi
Anand D. Padhye


Indirana salelkari, a new species of leaping frog, is described from Netravali, Goa, India.  The species can be distinguished from its congeners by a combination of morphological characters, viz., head longer than wide, narrow and deep buccal cavity, vomerine teeth large and acutely placed close to each other, oval choanae, distinct canthus rostralis, first finger longer than or equal to second, presence of double outer palmer tubercles, elongated inner metatarsal tubercle, moderate webbing, discs of fingers and toes with crescentic deep marginal grooves restricted only to the anterior side of the discs, dorsal skin with glandular folds but without warts, ventral skin granular with some mottling on throat and, palms and soles dark brown.  Indirana salelkari differs from its sister taxa, I. chiravasi, in the placement and structure of vomerine teeth and choanae.  The new species is genetically distinct from I. chiravasi, with a genetic distance of 3.8% for the 16S rRNA gene.  We also provide phylogentic placement of Indirana salelkari based on mitochondrial 12S and 16S ribosomal genes and nuclear rhodopsin gene along with molecular clock analysis, which further confirms its genetic distinctness from other related taxa. 


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Author Biographies

Nikhil Modak, Department of Biodiversity, MES Abasahab Garware College, Karve Road, Pune, Maharashtra 411004, India

Nikhil Modak is a doctoral student interested in ecology, systematics and evolution of amphibians of the Western Ghats.


Neelesh Dahanukar, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), G1 Block, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune, Maharashtra 411008, India Systematics, Ecology and Conservation Laboratory, Zoo Outreach Organization (ZOO), 96 Kumudham Nagar, Vilankurichi Road, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641035, India

Neelesh Dahanukar works in ecology and evolution with an emphasis on mathematical and statistical analysis. He is also interested in taxonomy, distribution patterns and molecular phylogeny of fish and frogs.


Ninad Gosavi, Department of Zoology, Willingdon College, Sangli, Maharashtra 416416, India

Ninad Gosavi is an undergraduate student interested in amphibian ecology. 


Anand D. Padhye, Department of Biodiversity, MES Abasahab Garware College, Karve Road, Pune, Maharashtra 411004, India Department of Zoology, MES Abasahab Garware College, Karve Road, Pune, Maharashtra 411004, India

Anand D. Padhye is an Associate Professor working on systematics, ecology, diversity, distribution and evolution of amphibians.



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